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UNITED KINGDOM
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Tribal type destroyers (AFRIDI) (27, 1938 - 1948)


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Tartar 1941

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Afridi F07   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 6/1936 8/6/1937 5/1938 sunk 3/5/1940 RN "Tribals"
Ashanti F51, G51, 1948- D151?   Denny, Dumbarton 11/1936 5/11/1937 12/1938 BU 4/1949 RN "Tribals"
Bedouin F67, G67   Denny, Dumbarton 6/1937 21/12/1937 3/1939 sunk 15/6/1942 RN "Tribals"
Cossack F03, L03   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 6/1936 8/6/1937 6/1938 sunk 27/10/1941 RN "Tribals"
Eskimo F75, G75, 1948- D175?   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 8/1936 3/9/1937 12/1938 BU 6/1949 RN "Tribals"
Gurkha F20   Fairfield, Govan 7/1936 7/7/1937 10/1938 sunk 9/4/1940 RN "Tribals"
Maori F24   Fairfield, Govan 7/1936 2/9/1937 1/1939 sunk 12/2/1942 RN "Tribals"
Mashona F59   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 8/1936 3/9/1937 3/1939 sunk 28/5/1941 RN "Tribals"
Matabele F26   Scotts, Greenock 10/1936 6/10/1937 1/1939 sunk 17/1/1942 RN "Tribals"
Mohawk F31, L31   Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1936 5/10/1937 9/1938 sunk 16/4/1941 RN "Tribals"
Nubian F36, G36, 1948- D236?   Thornycroft, Woolston 8/1936 21/12/1937 12/1938 BU 6/1949 RN "Tribals"
Punjabi F21, G21   Scotts, Greenock 10/1936 18/12/1937 3/1939 collision 1/5/1942 RN "Tribals"
Sikh F82   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1936 17/12/1937 10/1938 sunk 14/9/1942 RN "Tribals"
Somali F33   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8/1936 24/8/1937 12/1938 sunk 24/9/1942 RN "Tribals"
Tartar F43, G43   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 8/1936 21/10/1937 3/1939 BU 1/1948 RN "Tribals"
Zulu F18, G18   A. Stephens, Linthouse 8/1936 23/9/1937 9/1938 sunk 14/9/1942 RN "Tribals"
Arunta (RAN) I30, 1948- D130   Cockatoo DYd, Australia 11/1939 30/11/1940 3/1942 sold for BU 11/1968 RAN "Tribals"
Bataan (RAN) I91, 1948- D191   Cockatoo DYd, Australia 2/1942 15/1/1944 5/1945 BU 5/1958 RAN "Tribals"
Warramunga (RAN) I44, 1948- D123   Cockatoo DYd, Australia 2/1940 6/2/1942 11/1942 BU 2/1963 RAN "Tribals"
Athabaskan (RCN) G07   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 10/1940 18/11/1941 2/1943 sunk 29/4/1944 RCN "Tribals"
Haida (RCN) G63, 1948- D63?, 1951- DDE215   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 9/1941 25/8/1942 9/1943 preserved 8/1964 RCN "Tribals"
Huron (RCN) G24, 1948- D124?, 1951- DDE216   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 7/1941 25/6/1942 7/1943 BU 8/1965 RCN "Tribals"
Iroquois (RCN) G89, 1948- D89?, 1951- DDE217   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 9/1940 23/9/1941 12/1942 BU 9/1966 RCN "Tribals"
Athabaskan (RCN) R79, 1948- D179?, 1951- DDE219   Halifax, Canada 5/1944 14/5/1946 1/1948 BU 7/1969 RCN "Tribals"
Cayuga (RCN) R04, 1948- D104?, 1951- DDE218   Halifax, Canada 10/1943 28/7/1945 10/1947 BU 2/1964 RCN "Tribals"
Micmac (RCN) R10, 1948- D110?, 1951- DDE214   Halifax, Canada 5/1942 18/9/1943 9/1945 BU 3/1964 RCN "Tribals"
Nootka (RCN) R96, 1948- D96?, 1951- DDE213   Halifax, Canada 5/1942 26/4/1944 8/1946 BU 10/1964 RCN "Tribals"


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

36.25 - 36.5

36.25

Displacement standard, t

1959

Canadian: 1927

2200

Displacement full, t

2519 (later 2710)

Canadian: 2745

2500

Length, m

108.4 pp 114.9 oa

108.4 pp 114.9 oa

Breadth, m

11.1

Canadian: 11.4

11.4

Draught, m

3.96 (later 4.16)

4.16

No of shafts

2

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

44000

44000

Fuel, t

oil 505 - 516

oil 505 - 516

Endurance, nm(kts)5700(15)
Armament

RN ships: 4 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Arunta, Waramunga: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (30 DC)

Bataan: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 6 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (46 DC)

Iroquois: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Athabaskan (I): 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Huron, Haida: 3 x 2 - 120/45 QF Mk XII, 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (30 DC)

Athabaskan (II), Cayuga: 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (46 DC)

Micmac, Nootka: 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT

2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 22, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Boffin, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 ASWRL

Cayuga, Athabaskan: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 22, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 7, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 ASWRL

Electronic equipment

RN ships: type 124 sonar

presumably Arunta, Warramunga: type 285, type 286 radars, type 144 sonar

presumably Iroquois, Athabscan (I): type 271, type 272, type 285, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

presumably Huron, Haida: type 271, type 285, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

presumably Bataan: type 272, type 275, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

presumably Micmac, Nootka: type 268, type 275, type 277, type 282, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

presumably Cayuga, Athabascan (II): type 262, type 268, type 275, type 277, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

SPS-10, SPS-6, Mk 28, type 293, type 262 radars, type 170, type 174 sonars

Cayuga, Athabaskan: type 275, type 293, type 262, type 268, type 277 radars, type 170, type 174 sonars

Complement

190 - 250

240


Standard scale images


<i>Zulu</i> 1941
Zulu 1941
<i>Eskimo</i> 1942
Eskimo 1942
<i>Sikh</i> 1942
Sikh 1942
<i>Huron</i> 1944
Huron 1944
<i>Nubian</i> 1945
Nubian 1945
<i>Eskimo</i> 1939
Eskimo 1939
<i>Athabascan</i> 1943
Athabascan 1943


Graphics


<i>Tartar</i> 1941
Tartar 1941
<i>Bataan</i>
Bataan


Ship project history


"Tribal" class ships became the answer of Britain to occurrence in navies of probable opponents of large destroyers appreciable exceeding on armament standard British destroyers with their four 120mm guns. A starting point in designing of the new ship began requirement of Admiralty to place powerful armament including ten 120mm guns that should ensure the superiority over new foreign destroyers, such as Japanese Fubuki (3x2 127mm guns and 3х3 TT). Besides it, the wish to ensure leaders of "V" class (an initial designation of these ships) the strengthened air defence armament including newest multi-barrelled 40-mm pompoms expressed. Thus especially made a reservation, that the ships should not be so large that require armour protection, but to have the sufficient dimensions for providing of good seaworthiness.

By basic design working out it has appeared what to fulfil all requirements within the limits of the resolved displacement (1850t was an upper limit for leaders according to decisions of the London conference) it is impossible, and after considering of numerous variants were stopped on the design with 8 120mm guns, two quadruple 40mm pompoms (one was excluded from the specification already after the bulding beginning) and 1 quadruple TT (the truth, with a power drive). It was supposed, that the ships of this class will be brought together in a flotilla of seven-shipboard structure, and under the 1935 program building of such flotilla was provided, but this idea have soon refused, having ordered next year not 7, but 9 ships.

Structurally, except transition to heavier twin main gun mounts, application of yacht stem instead of straight one (as planed on sketch design phases on "Tribal") and using on 30 % of more powerful machinery, "Tribal" essentially did not differ from the predecessors: the same internal arrangement and the same cross-section hull framing system. Last also became the main lack of these in remaining very successful ships.

Dominions also have replenished with "Tribal" class ships. Australian have decided to built them by own strength, but with assistance of British specialists, and machinery have been ordered in Britain. Australian "Tribals" originally differed nothing from an English pre-image. First two ships have ordered in the January, 1939, four more in May of the same year. Order for 3 additional units was cancelled before a war. Already during a building structure of armament of the ships have made the changes dictated by experience of the first months of operations in Europe. Basically they repeated works conducted on British "Tribals": in particular, "X" 120mm mount and 12.7mm MGs were replaced by DP 102mm twin and 20mm Oerlikons. Bataan become operational the last and carried 40mm/56 Boforses instead of Oerlikons.

Decision on a building of "Tribals" was accepted also by Canada in 1940, but not at itself, and in British. In 1940 the order on 4 ships has been given out. During an execution of an order in armament was changed in general repeating accepted on the Australian destroyers. More successful arranging of quadruple pompom became unique significant difference. Already after an end of the war 4 more Canadian "Tribal" class destroyers were completed, built in Canada under a little changed design (4x2 102-mm/45 guns and 40mm Boforses).

Modernizations


summer 1940, Ashanti, Bedouin, Cossack, Eskimo, Maori, Mashona, Matabele, Mohawk, Nubian, Punjabi, Sikh, Somali, Tartar, Zulu: - 1 x 2 - 120/45; + 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI

early 1941, Ashanti, Bedouin, Cossack, Eskimo, Maori, Mashona, Matabele, Mohawk, Nubian, Punjabi, Somali, Tartar: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

early 1941, Sikh, Zulu: + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1941 - 1942, almost all survived RN ships: + type 271 type 285, type 286/M/P radars

1942, Ashanti, Bedouin, Eskimo, Nubian, Punjabi, Sikh, Somali, Tartar, Zulu: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, DC stowage rose up to 46 pcs.

1943 - 1944, Ashanti, Eskimo, Tartar: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, Iroquois: - 6 x 1 - 20/70; + 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, most RN ships: - type 286/M/P radar; + type 291 radar

1944, Nubian: + 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk I/III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1944 - 1945, some RN ships: - type 271 radar; + type 293 radar

1944 - 1945, Arunta, Warramunga: - 6 x 1 - 20/70; + 6 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

1/1946, Ashanti: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46), type 285, type 291, type 271 or type 293 radars, type 124 sonar

1/1946, Eskimo: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46), type 285, type 291, type 271 or type 293 radars, type 124 sonar

1/1946, Nubian: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46), type 285, type 291, type 271 or type 293 radars, type 124 sonar

1/1946, Tartar: 3 x 2 - 120/45 CP Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (46), type 285, type 291, type 271 or type 293 radars, type 124 sonar

1946 - 1951, Iroquois, Huron, Haida: - 3 x 2 - 120/45, 1 x 4 - 40/39, 6 x 2 - 20/70, 2 DCT, 1 DCR, type 275 or type 285 radar; + 3 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk VII, 1 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 ASWRL, Mk 28 radar, type 147 sonar

1951 - 1955, all survived Canadian ships were modernized as follows:

1953, Arunta; 1954, Warramunga: new lattice mast, superstructure was lengthened. - 1 x 2 - 120/45, 4 x 1 - 40/60, 1 x 4 - 40/39; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 1 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 3 ASWRL, type 174 sonar

Naval service


Afridy 3/5/1940 was sunk by German Ju 87 bomber W of Namsus (Norway). Ashanti 17/10/1940 was wrecked by a storm on rocks at Sunderland coast (England), repair lasted till the end of August, 1941. Bedouin 15/6/1942 was badly damaged by 152mm shell from Italian cruisers Eugenio di SavoiaDuca degli Abruzzi and Raimondo Montecuccoli S of island Pantelleria, later she was finished by Italian S.79 bomber (torpedo). Cossack 13/4/1940 was seriously damaged by hits of four 127mm shells from German destroyers and as a result of beaching in harbour of Narvik, repaired till August, 1940; 23/10/1941 she was badly damaged by German submarine U563 W of Gibraltar, 27/10/1941 sunk. Eskimo 13/4/1940 was badly damaged by hit of a torpedo from German destroyer Georg Thiele (fore hull part was broken off), repair lasted till September, 1940. Gurkha 9/4/1940 was sunk by German Ju 88 bomber W of Bergen. Maori was sunk by German Ju 88 bomber 12/2/1942 on Malta. Mashona was sunk by German Ju 88 bomber SW of Ireland 28/5/1941. Matabele in the end of May, 1940 was damaged by German aircraft at coast of northern Norway, repair lasted till the middle of August, 1940; she was sunk by German submarine U454 in Barents sea 17/1/1942. Mohawk was torpedoed by Italian destroyer Luca Tarigo 16/4/1941 off cape Bon and finished by gunfire of destroyer Janus. Punjabi was damaged by 127mm shells from German destroyers Giese and Roeder, repaired till June, 1940; she was lost at collision with battleship King George V in Northern Atlantic 1/5/1942. Sikh was sunk by German coastal battery at Tobruk 14/9/1942. Somali was damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U703 S of Iceland 20/9/1942 and foundered during tow 24/9/1942. Zulu was damaged by German Ju 88 bomber at Tobruk and sunk 14/9/1942 at tow. Athabaskan 29/4/1944 was torpedoed by German torpedo boat Т24 N of Ile de Bas (La Manche), blown up and sunk.

Haida was preserved as memorial in Toronto. Arunta was foundered when towing to Japan for scrap 13/2/1969.