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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
TORPEDO SHIPS
ex-Brazilian "H" destroyers (HAVANT) (6, 1939 - 1940)


Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Harvester (ex-Handy, ex-Jurua) H19   Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 6/1938 29/9/1939 5/1940 sunk 11/3/1943
Havant (ex-Javary) H32   White, Cowes 3/1938 17/7/1939 12/1939 sunk 1/6/1940
Havelock (ex-Jutahy) H88   White, Cowes 5/1938 16/10/1939 2/1940 BU 10/1946
Hesperus (ex-Hearty, ex-Juruena) H57   Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1938 1/8/1939 1/1940 BU 11/1946
Highlander (ex-Jaguaribe) H44   Thornycroft, Woolston 9/1938 17/10/1939 3/1940 BU 5/1946
Hurricane (ex-Japarua) H06   Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 6/1938 29/9/1939 6/1940 sunk 24/12/1943


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

35

Displacement standard, t

1400

Displacement full, t

1930 (later 2020 - 2030)

Length, m

95.1 pp 98.5 oa

Breadth, m

10.1

Draught, m

3.89 (later 3.99 - 4.04)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

34000

Fuel, t

oil 443

Endurance, nm(kts)5500(15)
Armament

3 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (110 DC)

Electronic equipment

type 128 sonar

Complement

145



Standard scale images


<i>Havant</i> 1940
Havant 1940


Project history


In 1938 Brazil ordered in Britain 6 destroyers of RN 'H' class. Important difference was other, unique, main gun fire control system consisting of combined "director-range finder". At the start of WWII they were bought up by British Government 4/9/1939 and have received new names.

Former Brazilian "Н" were finished building in the big haste, practically without obligatory in that case correction of the design to the RN requirements (not tested fire control system, "export" torpedoes, etc.). Strengthening of anti-submarine armament at the expense of removing of aft 120mm gun from "Y" position and the minesweeping equipment became unique change. Reason of preference of ASW equipment instead of artillery was covered both in unavailability of a part of original armament, and in doubtful advantages of a new fire control system that strong decreased value of new destroyers as gunships. Besides, because of haste part of destroyers were commissioned with incomplete fire control system: Havant, Hesperus, Havelock and Highlander participated in the first battle collisions with only a rangefinder and Hesperus had no TTs till mid-1940. Only last two ships entered service fully completed.

Modernizations


till mid-1940, Hesperus did not have TTs.

summer 1940, Hurricane, Harvester, Havelock, Hesperus, Highlander: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV

1941, all survived ships: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941 - 1942, all survived: + type 271, type 286 radars

1942 - 1943, Havelock, Hesperus, Highlander: - 1 x 1 - 120/45, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, type 128 sonar; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, type 144 sonar

1942 - 1943, Harvester, Hurricane: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, m. b. 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, some: - type 286 radar; + type 291 radar

1/1946, Havelock, Hesperus, Highlander: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVIII, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Mk II, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (110), type 271, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

Naval service


Havant 1/6/1940 was badly damaged by German bombers at Dunkirk, abandoned by crew and finished by minesweeper Saltash. Hurricane 7-8/5/1941 was sunk by German aircraft at Liverpool; salvaged and commissioned again but 24/12/1943 torpedoed by German submarine U415 near Azores, lost speed, abandoned and 25/12/1943 sunk by destroyer Watchman. Harvester 11/3/1943 lost speed as a result of stem damage after ramming of German submarine U444 and soon was sunk by German submarine U432 in Northern Atlantic.