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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

FIJI light cruisers (1940 - 1943)

Gambia 1943

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
1st group
Fiji 58 558 John Brown, Clydebank 30/3/1938 31/5/1939 17/5/1940 sunk 22/5/1941
Kenya 14 - C14 566 A. Stephens, Linthouse 18/6/1938 18/8/1939 27/9/1940 stricken 9/1958
Bermuda 52 - C52 568 John Brown, Clydebank 30/11/1939 11/9/1941 21/8/1942 stricken 1962, sold for BU 8/1965
Mauritius 80 - C80 1565 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 31/3/1938 19/7/1939 1/1/1941 sold for BU 3/1965
Gambia (RNZN 2/1944-3/1946) 48 - C48 1575 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 24/7/1939 30/11/1940 21/2/1942 sold for BU 12/1968
Jamaica 44 - C44 750 Vickers-Armstrong, Barrow 28/4/1939 16/11/1940 29/6/1942 sold for BU 12/1960
Nigeria 60 - C60 12 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 8/2/1938 18/7/1939 23/9/1940 to India 4/1954 (Mysore)
Trinidad 46   Devonport DYd 21/4/1938 21/3/1940 14/10/1941 sunk 15/5/1942
2nd group
Ceylon 30 - C30 569 A. Stephens, Linthouse 27/4/1939 30/7/1942 13/7/1943 to Peru 12/1959 (Coronel Bolognesi)
Newfoundland 59 - C59 1589 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 9/11/1939 19/12/1941 20/1/1943 to Peru 11/1959 (Almirante Grau)
Uganda, 14/1/1952 - Quebec (RCN 10/1944) 66 - CCL31 17 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 20/7/1939 7/8/1941 3/1/1943 to Canada 10/1944, stricken 6/1956

 

Displacement standard, t

8530

Displacement full, t

10450 (later 10830 - 11090)

Length, m

164.0 pp 169.3 oa

Breadth, m

18.9

Draught, m

6.04 deep load (later 6.20 - 6.32)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons steam geared turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

72500

Max speed, kn

31.5

Fuel, t

oil 1613 - 1700

Endurance, nm(kts) 10100(12)
Armour, mm

belt: 89 - 83, bulkheads: 51 - 38, turrets: 51 - 25, barbettes: up to 25,  deck: 51 - 32

Armament

Fiji, Nigeria, Mauritius: 4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Kenya: 4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Trinidad: 4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Jamaica: 4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Gambia: 4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox, Kingfisher), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Bermuda: 4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox, Kingfisher), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Uganda: 3 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 3 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Seafox, Kingfisher, Sea Otter, Seamew), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Newfoundland: 3 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 3 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 8 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 aircraft (Walrus, Seafox, Kingfisher, Sea Otter, Seamew), 1 catapult D-IV-H

Ceylon: 3 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 3 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 8 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Sensors

Fiji, Kenya, Nigeria, Mauritius: type 279, 281 radars

Bermuda, Gambia, Jamaica, Trinidad: type 272, 273, 281, 284, 285 radars

Uganda: type 272, 281, 284, 285 radars

Ceylon, Newfoundland: type 272, 281, 283, 284, 285 radars

Complement

730,  920 war

Ship project history: Occurrence of Colony class became one of consequences of London conference in 1936 limited displacement of newly designed cruisers by 8000t. Design of Southampton class was revised under these requirements and result was more compact Fiji in which  length of hull was more than to 10m shortened at the expense of cramped arrangement. Usage of less power machinery and easier armouring have allowed to store the same armament as at a prototype, and a transom stern has given the chance to avoid strong fall of speed (on 0.5kts). Waterline belt became a little thin but at the expense of a smaller length of the hull reached end barbettes, and thickness of an armour deck even has increased. Return to more simple vertical stacks and masts became characteristic kind of these ships.

Small metacentric height was main lack of design and it has created serious problems at wartime updates: it was necessary to land one of main turrets for placing of numerous AA guns and the electronic equipment on most of class in the end of war .

The last 3 ships of Fiji class (2nd group) were completed under some changed design considering experience of the first year of war: with the strengthened antiaircraft arms. Because of already mentioned very cramped arrangement one main turret had landed and catapult was removed (hangars have been left, but were used for other purposes).

Protection: Armoured belt extended from "A" to "Y" barbettes and to upper deck abreast boiler rooms and fore engine room and to main deck abreast aft engine room, CCC and magazines. Its thickness was 89 mm abreast magazines and 83 mm abreast machinery. Belt was closed by 51 - 38-mm bulkheads. Armoured deck was 51-mm thick (32-mm with 38-mm slopes over steering gear). Transom stern was 38-mm thick.

Modernizations: late 1940, Fiji: + 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, type 284 radar

8/1941, Kenya: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

9/1941, Nigeria: + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 284 radars

12/1941, Kenya: + type 273, 284 radars

2/1942, Gambia: + 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

3/1942, Mauritius: + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 284, 285 radars

5/1942, Trinidad: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

12/1942, Kenya: - 2 x 1 - 20/70, 4 x 4 - 12.7/62, type 273 radar; + 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 272, 282, 283, 285 radars

6/1943, Mauritius: - catapult with seaplanes, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 20 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

7/1943, Nigeria: - 4 x 1 - 20/70, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, type 273 radar; + 8 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 272, 282 radars

9/1943, Gambia: - catapult with seaplanes, 2 x 1 - 40/39, 6 x 1 - 20/70, type 273 radar; + 10 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 272, 283 radars

9/1943, Jamaica: - catapult with seaplanes; + 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

9/1943, Bermuda: + 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

11/1943, Newfoundland: - catapult with seaplane, type 272, 281, 284 radars; + 2 x 4 - 40/56 Bofors Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 274, 277, 281B, 293 radars

12/1943, Kenya: + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1/1944, Nigeria: - catapult with seaplanes; + type 283 radar

4/1944, Ceylon: + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

5/1944, Bermuda: - catapult with seaplanes, 12 x 1 - 20/70; + 8 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

10/1944, Uganda: - 6 x 2 - 20/70, catapult with seaplanes; + 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 283 radar

4/1945, Kenya: - 1 x 3 - 152/50 ("X"); + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX

4/1945, Bermuda: - 1 x 3 - 152/50 ("X"), 4 x 2 - 20/70, type 272, 281 radars; + 3 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, type 277, 281B, 293 radars

6/1945, Jamaica: - 1 x 3 - 152/50 ("X"), 4 x 2 - 20/70; + 3 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

6/1945, Uganda: - 4 x 2 - 20/70, type 272, 281, 283, 284 radars; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 274, 277, 281B, 293 radars

8/1945, Kenya: - 8 x 2 - 20/70; + 3 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 8 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

8/1945, Bermuda: - 2 x 2 - 20/70, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

9/1945, Ceylon: - 4 x 2 - 20/70, 6 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

late 1945, Mauritius: - 1 x 3 - 152/50 ("X"); + 3 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

late 1945, Jamaica: - 4 x 1 - 40/39; + 2 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

10/1945, Nigeria: + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

1/1946, Bermuda: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 5 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

3/1946, Gambia: 4 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 2 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1/1946, Jamaica: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 5 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1/1946, Kenya: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 5 x 2 - 40/60 RP.50 Mk V, 8 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1/1946, Nigeria: 4 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 8 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1/1946, Mauritius: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 5 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 24 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1/1946, Ceylon: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 3 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1/1946, Newfoundland: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 3 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1954, Nigeria: - 1 x 3 - 152/50 ("X"); + 2x type 275 radars

1956, Newfoundland: + 2x type 275 radars

1956, Ceylon: + 2x type 262 radars

Naval service: Fiji was damaged 1/9/1940 by torpedo from German submarine U32 and was repaired for 6 months, she was again damaged 22/5/1941 off Crete coast by 3 direct hits and 1 near-miss of German air bombs (1 Bf 109 fghter and 1 Ju 88 bomber), abandoned, torpedoed by destroyer Matchless and sunk in 5 hours. Kenya was damaged by torpedo of Italian submarine Alagi 12/8/1942 and repaired till January, 1943. Nigeria was damaged by torpedo from talian submarine Axum 12/8/1942 and repaired till June, 1943. Trinidad was damaged by German air torpedo in Arctic 29/3/1942, temporarily repaired in Murmansk, again damaged by German bomb 15/5/1942 on way to Britain and is sunk by escort. Uganda was damaged by German FX1400 gliding bomb 13/9/1943 and repaired till October, 1944. Newfoundland was damaged by torpedo of Italian submarine Ascianghi 23/7/1943 and repair till November, 1944.

Kenya 1949

Ceylon 1946

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15