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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
SHIPS-OF-THE-LINE, CAPITAL SHIPS, MONITORS
CALEDONIA 1st rate sailing ships-of-the-line (1808-1827)


Ships


Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Caledonia     Plymouth DYd 1/1805 25/6/1808 23/9/1808 hospital ship 6/1856
Britannia     Plymouth DYd 12/1813 20/10/1820 20/12/1820 hospital ship 7/1855
Prince Regent     Chatham DYd 17/7/1815 12/4/1823 3/9/1823 screw 5/1861, BU 7/1873
Royal George (ex-Neptune)     Chatham DYd 6/1823 22/9/1827 3/12/1827 screw 12/1853, receiving ship 12/1869


Technical data


Data variantsailing screw
Displacement normal, t

Caledonia, Britannia, Prince Regent: 2602bm

Royal George: 2616bm

Royal George: 2616bm 4205 normal

Prince Regent: 2762bm

Displacement full, t   
Length, m

Caledonia, Britannia, Prince Regent: 62.5 gundeck

Royal George: 62.7 gundeck

66.4 gundeck

Breadth, m

Caledonia, Royal George: 16.6

Britannia, Prince Regent: 16.3

16.6

Draught, m

7.06 hold depth

Royal George: 5.56

Prince Regent: 7.08 hull depth

No of shafts

 

1

Machinery

sails

sails + 1 2-cyl HSE

Power, h. p. 

Royal George: 1417ihp

Prince Regent: 500nhp

Max speed, kts  Royal George: 8.7
Fuel, t 

coal

Endurance, nm(kts)   
Armament

Caledonia: 32 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 64cwt SBML, 12 x 1 - 159/8 32pdr 17cwt SBML carronades, 34 x 1 - 148/18 24pdr SBML, 34 x 1 - 139/19 18pdr SBML, 6 x 1 - 139/8 18pdr carronades, 8 x 1 - 118/14 12pdr SBML

others: 32 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 12 x 1 - 159/8 32pdr 17cwt SBML carronades, 34 x 1 - 148/19 24pdr 49cwt SBML, 34 x 1 - 147/15 24pdr Congreve SBML, 8 x 1 - 118/14 12pdr SBML

Royal George: 12 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt, 24 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 30 x 1 - 162/17 32pdr 50cwt SBML, 6 x 1 - 161/16 32pdr 45cwt SBML, 34 x 1 - 161/15 32pdr 42cwt SBML, 14 x 1 - 159/8 32pdr 17cwt SBML carronades

Prince Regent: 1 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt, 32 x 1 - 204/13 8'' 65cwt shell SBML, 34 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 22 x 1 - 161/15 32pdr 42cwt SBML

Complement

Caledonia: 875

others: 900

Royal George: 950

Prince Regent: 830



Ship project history


120-guns three-deckers. Designed by Sir William Rule in 1797. The successful prototype for all later British 1st rate sailing ships. Royal George was built to the draught of Caledonia but doubled with fir while building to make her breadth and ordnance capacity similar to subsequent Broadened Caledonia class ships.

Modernizations


1815, Caledonia: - 34 x 1 - 139/19 18pdr; + 34 x 1 - 147/15 24pdr Congreve SBML

1830,Caledonia: rebuilt with circular stern: 62.6m gundeck length, 2712bm tonnage

1831, Caledonia: - 32 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 64cwt; + 32 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 55cwt SBML

1840, Caledonia: was completely rearmed with: 4 x 1 - 204/13 68pdr 60cwt SBML, 62 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 34 x 1 - 161/14 32pdr 40cwt SBML, 16 x 1 - 159/12 32pdr 25cwt SBML carronades

1840s, Britannia, Prince George, Royal George: were rearmed with 6 x 1 - 204/8 68pdr SBML carronades, 30 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 32 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 55cwt SBML, 34 x 1 - 162/17 32pdr 49cwt SBML, 18 x 1 - 159/12 32pdr 25cwt SBML carronades

1847, Prince Regent: was cut down to 2nd rate 92-gun with armament consisted of 10 x 1 - 204/10 68pdr 50cwt shell SBML, 56 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 26 x 1 - 161/15 32pdr 42cwt SBML

1850s, Britannia, Prince Regent: - 6 x 1 - 204/8 68pdr SBML carronades, 6 x 1 - 162/17 32pdr 49cwt SBML, 14 x 1 - 159/12 32pdr 25cwt SBML carronades; + 4 x 1 - 204/12 8'' 56cwt SBML

1853, Royal George; 1861, Prince Regent: were converted to screw ships-of-the-line with data as given in the table

1860, Royal George: was armed with 1 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt, 32 x 1 - 204/13 8'' 65cwt shell SBML, 34 x 1 - 163/18 32pdr 56cwt SBML, 22 x 1 - 161/15 32pdr 42cwt SBML

1861, Royal George: was reduced to 86-gun

1863, Royal George: was reduced to 78-gun

1866, Royal George: was reduced to 72-gun

Naval service


No significant events.