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fighting ships of the world

SPANISH NAVY (SPAIN)

CRUISERS

ALFONSO XII unprotected cruisers (1891-1892)

Alfonso XII 1891

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Alfonso XII   Arsenal del Ferrol 12/8/1881 21/8/1887 6/7/1891 discarded 1900
Reina Cristina   Arsenal del Ferrol 12/8/1881 2/5/1886 19/4/1890 sunk 1/5/1898
Reina Mercedes   Arsenal de Cartagena 1881 12/9/1887 1892 scuttled 4/7/1898
  

Displacement normal, t

3042

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

84.8

Breadth, m

13.2

Draught, m

6.09 max

No of shafts

1

Machinery

HC, cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

4400

Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

coal 500

Endurance, nm(kts)

 

Armament

6 x 1 - 160/35 Hontoria M1883, 8 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss, 6 x 5 - 47/22 Hotchkiss, 5 - 356 TT (2 bow, 2 beam, 1 aft)

Complement

370

Ship project history: Alsonso XII was laid down in August 1881 but delayed for 5 years by shortages of materials. Two-funnelled unprotected cruisers, but built on the cellular system with 12 watertight compartments. The Hontoria main armament was mounted in sponsons, and all the TT were fixed - 2 forward, 1 aft and 1 on each beam.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Reina Cristina was sunk by USN ships at the Battle of Manila Bay 1/5/1898. Reina Mercedes was scuttled 4/7/1898 as a blockship at entrance to Santiago de Cuba harbour, later salvaged by Americans and served in the USN as receiving ship.

© Ivan Gogin, 2014