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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

SUBMARINES

STURGEON nuclear powered submarines (1966 - 1975)

Finback 1970

Glenard P. Lipscomb 1974

Sturgeon 1979

Sturgeon 1990

Glenard P. Lipscomb 1990

Parche 2000

L. Mendel Rivers 2000

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
SSN637 Sturgeon 168 Electric Boat, Groton 10/8/1963 26/2/1966 3/3/1967 stricken 8/1994
SSN638 Whale 1 General Dynamics, Quincy 27/5/1964 14/10/1966 12/10/1968 stricken 6/1996
SSN639 Tautog 1098 Ingalls, Pascagoula 27/1/1964 15/3/1967 17/8/1968 stricken 3/1997
SSN646 Grayling   Portsmouth N Yd, Kittery 12/5/1964 22/6/1967 11/10/1969 stricken 7/1997
SSN647 Pogy 1167 New York SB, Camden // Ingalls, Pascagoula 5/5/1964 3/6/1967 15/5/1971 stricken 6/1999
SSN648 Aspro 1103 Ingalls, Pascagoula 23/11/1964 29/11/1967 20/2/1969 stricken 3/1995
SSN649 Sunfish 2 General Dynamics, Quincy 15/1/1965 14/10/1966 15/3/1969 stricken 3/1997
SSN650 Pargo 174 Electric Boat, Groton 3/6/1964 17/9/1966 5/1/1968 stricken 4/1995
SSN651 Queenfish 571 Newport News SB 11/5/1964 25/2/1966 6/12/1966 stricken 4/1992
SSN652 Puffer 1109 Ingalls, Pascagoula 8/2/1965 30/3/1968 9/8/1969 stricken 7/1996
SSN653 Ray 573 Newport News SB 4/1/1965 21/6/1966 12/4/1967 stricken 3/1993
SSN660 Sand Lance   Portsmouth N Yd, Kittery 28/10/1967 11/11/1969 25/9/1971 stricken 8/1998
SSN661 Lapon 578 Newport News SB 27/7/1965 16/12/1966 14/12/1967 stricken 8/1992
SSN662 Gurnard   Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 22/12/1964 20/5/1967 6/12/1968 stricken 4/1995
SSN663 Hammerhead 579 Newport News SB 29/11/1965 14/4/1967 28/6/1968 stricken 4/1995
SSN664 Sea Devil 580 Newport News SB 12/4/1966 5/10/1967 28/6/1968 stricken 10/1991
SSN665 Guitarro   Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 9/12/1965 27/7/1968 9/9/1972 stricken 5/1992
SSN666 Hawkbill   Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 12/9/1966 12/4/1969 4/2/1971 stricken 3/2000
SSN667 Bergall 185 Electric Boat, Groton 4/4/1966 17/2/1968 13/6/1969 stricken 6/1997
SSN668 Spadefish 581 Newport News SB 21/12/1966 15/5/1968 14/8/1969 stricken 4/1997
SSN669 Seahorse 189 Electric Boat, Groton 13/8/1966 15/6/1968 19/9/1969 stricken 8/1995
SSN670 Finback 582 Newport News SB 26/6/1967 7/12/1968 4/2/1970 stricken 3/1997
SSN671 Narwhal 182 Electric Boat, Groton 17/1/1966 9/9/1967 12/7/1969 stricken 7/1999
SSN672 Pintado   Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 27/10/1967 16/8/1969 11/9/1971 stricken 2/1998
SSN673 Flying Fish 193 Electric Boat, Groton 30/6/1967 17/5/1969 29/4/1970 stricken 5/1996
SSN674 Trepang 195 Electric Boat, Groton 28/10/1967 27/9/1969 14/8/1970 stricken 6/1999
SSN675 Bluefish 196 Electric Boat, Groton 13/3/1968 10/1/1970 8/1/1971 stricken 6/1996
SSN676 Billfish 197 Electric Boat, Groton 20/9/1968 1/5/1970 12/3/1971 stricken 7/1999
SSN677 Drum   Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 20/8/1968 23/5/1970 15/4/1972 stricken 10/1995
SSN678 Archerfish 198 Electric Boat, Groton 19/6/1969 16/1/1971 17/12/1971 stricken 3/1998
SSN679 Silversides 199 Electric Boat, Groton 28/11/1969 4/6/1971 5/5/1972 stricken 7/1994
SSN680 William H. Bates (ex-Redfish) 1174 Ingalls, Pascagoula 4/8/1969 11/12/1971 5/5/1973 stricken 2/2000
SSN681 Batfish 200 Electric Boat, Groton 9/2/1970 9/10/1971 5/5/1972 stricken 3/1999
SSN682 Tunny 1175 Ingalls, Pascagoula 22/5/1970 10/6/1972 26/1/1974 stricken 3/1998
SSN683 Parche 1176 Ingalls, Pascagoula 10/12/1970 13/1/1973 17/8/1974 stricken 7/2005
SSN684 Cavalla 201 Electric Boat, Groton 23/5/1970 19/2/1972 9/2/1973 stricken 3/1998
SSN685 Glenard P. Lipscomb 202 Electric Boat, Groton 5/6/1971 4/6/1973 21/12/1974 stricken 7/1990
SSN686 L. Mendel Rivers 597 Newport News SB 26/6/1971 2/6/1973 1/2/1975 stricken 5/2001
SSN687 Richard B. Russell 598 Newport News SB 19/10/1971 12/1/1974 16/8/1975 stricken 6/1994

SSN637-639, 646-653, 660-670, 672-684, 686, 687:

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

4246 / 4777

Length, m

SSN637 - 639, 646 - 653, 660 - 670, 672 - 677: 89.1

SSN678 - 684, 686, 687: 92.1

Breadth, m

9.70

Draught, m

7.80

No of shafts

1

Machinery

2 sets General Electric or De Laval geared steam turbines, 1 Westinghouse S5W nuclear reactor

Power, h. p.

15000

Max speed, kts

15 / 26

Fuel, t

nuclear

Endurance, nm (kts)

practically unlimited

Armament

4 - 533 Mk 63 TT (amidships, 23 torpedoes, including 4 SUBROC UUM-44 ASW rockets)

Sensors

SSN637-639, 646-653, 660-664: BPS-14 or BPS-15 radar, BQQ-2 (BQS-6 + BQR-7) sonar suite, BQS-8, BQS-12 sonars, WLR-4 ECM suite, Mk 113 CCS

SSN665-670, 672-677: BPS-14 or BPS-15 radar, BQQ-2 (BQS-6 + BQR-7) sonar suite, BQS-8, BQS-13 sonars, WLR-4 ECM suite, Mk 113 CCS

SSN678-684, 686, 687: BPS-14 or BPS-15 radar, BQQ-5 sonar suite, BQS-8, BQS-13 sonars, WLR-4 ECM suite, Mk 113 CCS

Complement

99

Diving depth operational, m

400

SSN671:

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

4450 / 5350

Length, m

96.0

Breadth, m

11.5

Draught, m

8.80

No of shafts

1

Machinery

2 sets General Electric or De Laval geared steam turbines, 1 General Electric S5G nuclear reactor

Power, h. p.

17000

Max speed, kts

20 / 25

Fuel, t

nuclear

Endurance, nm (kts)

practically unlimited

Armament

4 - 533 Mk 63 TT (amidships, 26 torpedoes, including 4 SUBROC UUM-44 ASW rockets)

Sensors

BPS-14 radar, BQQ-2 sonar suite, BQS-8 sonar, WLR-8 ECM suite, Mk 113 CCS

Complement

120

Diving depth operational, m

400

SSN685:

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

5813 / 6480

Length, m

111.2

Breadth, m

9.70

Draught, m

7.80

No of shafts

1

Machinery

2 sets General Electric steam turbine generators, 1 Westinghouse S5Wa nuclear reactor, 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

15000

Max speed, kts

18 / 23

Fuel, t

nuclear

Endurance, nm (kts)

practically unlimited

Armament

4 - 533 Mk 63 TT (amidships, 23 torpedoes, including 4 SUBROC UUM-44 ASW rockets)

Sensors

BPS-15 radar, BQQ-2 sonar suite, BQS-14 sonar, Mk 113 CCS

Complement

121

Diving depth operational, m

400

Ship project history: This is the largest class of submarines built by the United States since 1945; officially it was subdivided into Thresher/Permit and Sturgeon classes; the original name-ship, Thresher, was lost on diving trials on 10 April 1963. They combine a stronger hull for deeper diving with an advanced long-range BQQ-2 sonar and its associated SUBROC missile; diving depth is reportedly 400m. Later units were lengthened to permit die installation of a BQQ-5 sonar in place of BQQ-2; the extra space is free flooding, and underwater displacement rises by about 200t to 350t (SSN613-615 and most Sturgeon class submarines); ultimately all of these units will have BQQ-5. All will also ultimately receive the Mk 117 fire control system in place of their current Mk 113, providing facilities for Harpoon anti-ship missile control. However, since SUBROC is an analogue rather than a digital weapon, and Mk 117 is a fully digital fire control system, the long-range ASW capability (except as provided by the Mk 48 torpedo) is being lost. SSN613-615 were, in effect, prototype Sturgeons with heavier machinery, taller fins (6.1m rather than 4.2m or 4.6m), improved safety features ('Sub-safe' programme), and lengthened hulls.

    As officially described in 1979, Thresher class design compromises included a low sail, inadequate numbers of periscopes and antennas, and limited electronics. The reduced sail height was specifically accepted to minimize the speed loss, given the fixed reactor power of the S5W. The SSN637 class was considerably enlarged for a combination of quieting and additional electronics, as well as improved internal arrangements. Presumably the electronics was a combination of sonar signal processing and torpedo control, one control console being required for each wire-guided torpedo.

These submarines were intended primarily for ASW, with a large spherical sonar array filling their bows, and the torpedo battery, reduced to four tubes, moved aft to abreast the fin, firing diagonally from the hull. One advantage of this arrangement was that a large torpedo room could be provided, permitting a relatively easy choice of weapons for each tube. By the late 1060s, the submarine commander had a choice of long ASW torpedoes, nuclear torpedoes (Astor, or Mk 45, now retired), long anti-ship torpedoes, or SUBROC now there are Harpoon (first tested in Permit in 1976) and, very soon, Tomahawk. Unfortunately total weapon capacity was quite small, figures as low as twenty torpedoes in stowage being reported, so that this variety of weapons is very much a mixed blessing. Indeed, one advantage of the adoption of the Mk 48 torpedo was that it can replace both long ASW and long anti-ship weapons, and the Mk 45 was discarded partly because it consumed valuable space but was unlikely to be used in action.

    Since the power plant, the S5W, duplicated that of the earlier Skipjack, and the size of these submarines was much greater (by at least 800t), these ships were considerably slower. There were three attempts within this class id improve propulsion. Jack has contraprops on her single screw, an arrangement never duplicated. Narwhal has a natural convection powerplant (S5G rather than S5W); and Glenard P. Lipscomb had turbo-electric propulsion, both of the last two choices having been made for quietness.

Modernizations: 1970s-1980s, Hawkbill, Pintado, William H. Bates, Richard B. Russell and may be others: can carry DSRV submersible

early 1980s, Whale, Tautog, Grayling, Pogy, Aspro, Sunfish, Queenfish, Puffer, Sandlance, Gurnard, Hammerhead, Guitarro, Hawkbill, Bergall, Spadefish, Seahorse, Finback, Pintado, Flying Fish, Trepang, Silversides, William H. Bates, Batfish, Tunny, Cavalla, Mendel Rivers, Richard B. Russell, late 1980s, Sturgeon, Pargo, Ray, Lapon, Sea Devil, Bluefish, Billfish, Drum, Archerfish, Parche: + 4 Harpoon SSM (UGM-84) in place of other weapons

1980s, Sturgeon, Whale, Tautog, Grayling, Pogy, Aspro, Sunfish, Pargo, Queenfish, Puffer, Ray, Sandlance, Lapon, Gurnard, Hammerhead, Sea Devil, Guitarro, Hawkbill, Bergall, Spadefish, Seahorse, Finback, Pintado, Flying Fish, Trepang, Bluefish, Billfish, Drum, Glenard P. Lipscomb: - BQQ-2 sonar suite; + BQQ-5 sonar suite

1980s, almost all: - Mk 113 CCS; + Mk 117 CCS

1982-1992, Archerfish, Silversides, William H. Bates, Tunny, Cavalla, Mendel Rivers: can carry Dry Deck Shelters (DDS) for 16 SEALs and their SDV

1984, Guitarro, late 1980s, Sturgeon, Whale, Tautog, Grayling, Pogy, Aspro, Sunfish, Pargo, Queenfish, Puffer, Ray, Sandlance, Lapon, Gurnard, Hammerhead, Sea Devil, Hawkbill, Bergall, Spadefish, Seahorse, Finback, Pintado, Flying Fish, Trepang, Bluefish, Billfish, Drum, Archerfish, Silversides, William H. Bates, Batfish, Tunny, Parche, Cavalla, Mendel Rivers, Richard B. Russell: + up to 8 Tomahawk CruM (BGM-109) in place of other weapons

(1/1987 - 1991, Mare Island N Yd), Parche: was lengthened (122.4x9.65x10.7m, 6140/7140t), re-engined (S5W2 reactor, 20000hp, 15/30kts), crew was 147 men. She was equipped to recover objects from the sea bottom.

Naval service: No significant events.

Hawkbill with DSRV, 1971

Glenard P. Lipscomb 1980

Silversides with DDS, 1983

Pargo 1983

Narwhal 1987

Parche 2003

Ivan Gogin, 2015