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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

SUBMARINES

"S", 2nd group submarines (1924-1925)

S42 1924

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
SS153 S42 1389 Bethlehem, Quincy 12/1920 30/4/1923 11/1924 stricken 11/1945
SS154 S43 1390 Bethlehem, Quincy 12/1920 31/3/1923 12/1924 stricken 11/1945
SS155 S44 1391 Bethlehem, Quincy 2/1921 27/10/1923 2/1925 sunk 7/10/1943
SS156 S45 1392 Bethlehem, Quincy 12/1920 26/6/1923 3/1925 stricken 11/1945
SS157 S46 1393 Bethlehem, Quincy 2/1921 11/9/1923 6/1925 stricken 11/1945
SS158 S47 1394 Bethlehem, Quincy 2/1921 5/1/1924 9/1925 stricken 11/1945

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

906 / 1126

Length, m

68.7

Breadth, m

6.30

Draught, m

4.90

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 NLSE diesels / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

1200 / 1200

Max speed, kts

14.5 / 11

Fuel, t

diesel oil 168

Endurance, nm (kts) 2510 (6.5) /

Armament

1 x 1 - 102/50 Mk IX, 4 - 533 TT (bow, 12)

Electronic equipment SC sonar

Complement

38

Diving depth operational, m

60

   

Ship project history: The further development of R class submarines. They were built under three notably differed designs developed by Holland, Lake and Bureau of construction. After the acquisition of these designs by General board in 1917 one submarine was built under each of them as "prototype" (S1, 2 and 3 respectively). Lake variant (S2) appeared unsuccessful, and later Lake built submarines under Bureau design.

Serial building was developed under two designs: 24 submarines (S18-41) by Holland and 14 (S4-17) by Bureau. They were followed by 10 almost same boats of the second series (S42-47 by Holland and S48-51 by Bureau).

The basic difference between Holland  and Bureau designs consisted in a hull construction: in the first case it was fulfilled single-hulled, in second double-hulled. The diving depth was identical. Submarines built by Lake Torpedo Boat, had additional stern TT. As when these submarines were designed, an opinion about necessity of providing of the highest submerged speed was dominated, CT on them were fulfilled as much as possible streamlined. On trials "prototypes" demonstrated outstanding results, achieved 12.5 to 13kts submerged. First World War experience, however, has shown, that superfluous 2-3kts are not so necessary in comparison with safety of crew, therefore already during completion "serial" submarines received less streamlined, but much more convenient CTs.

Though 'S' class submarines notably exceeded the predecessors on the majority of characteristics, naval authorities in 1925 recognized them as unsuccessful because of insufficient endurance for Pacific service.

Modernizations: 1939, all: + 1 x 1 - 12.7/90, JK sonar

1940s, most survived: - SC, JK sonars; + 1 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, SD, SJ radars, QB, QC, JP sonars

Naval service: S44 7/10/1943 was sunk off Paramushir Island by Japanese escort Ishigaki. SS159 - 168 were cancelled before they were laid down.

S43 1930s

Ivan Gogin, 2014