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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

SUBMARINES

"R" submarines (1918-1919)

R1 1918

R13 1940

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
SS78 R1 282 Fore River, Quincy 10/1917 24/8/1918 12/1918 stricken 11/1945
SS79 R2 283 Fore River, Quincy 10/1917 23/9/1918 1/1919 stricken 11/1945
SS80 R3 284 Fore River, Quincy 12/1917 18/1/1919 4/1919 to United Kingdom 1/1941 (P511)
SS81 R4 285 Fore River, Quincy 10/1917 26/10/1918 3/1919 stricken 7/1945
SS82 R5 286 Fore River, Quincy 10/1917 24/11/1918 4/1919 stricken 10/1945
SS83 R6 287 Fore River, Quincy 12/1917 1/3/1919 5/1919 stricken 10/1945
SS84 R7 288 Fore River, Quincy 12/1917 5/4/1919 6/1919 stricken 10/1945
SS85 R8 289 Fore River, Quincy 3/1918 17/4/1919 7/1919 stricken 5/1936
SS86 R9 290 Fore River, Quincy 3/1918 24/5/1919 7/1919 stricken 10/1945
SS87 R10 291 Fore River, Quincy 3/1918 28/6/1919 8/1919 stricken 7/1945
SS88 R11 292 Fore River, Quincy 3/1918 12/7/1919 9/1919 stricken 10/1945
SS89 R12 293 Fore River, Quincy 3/1918 15/8/1919 9/1919 foundered 12/6/1943
SS90 R13 294 Fore River, Quincy 3/1918 27/8/1919 10/1919 stricken 10/1945
SS91 R14 295 Fore River, Quincy 11/1918 10/10/1919 12/1919 stricken 5/1945
SS92 R15 173 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 4/1917 10/12/1917 7/1918 stricken 10/1945
SS93 R16 174 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 4/1917 15/12/1917 8/1918 stricken 7/1945
SS94 R17 175 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 5/1917 24/12/1917 8/1918 to United Kingdom 3/1942-9/1944 (P512), stricken 6/1945
SS95 R18 176 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 6/1917 8/1/1918 9/1918 stricken 11/1945
SS96 R19 177 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 6/1917 28/1/1918 10/1918 to United Kingdom 3/1942 (P514)
SS97 R20 178 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 6/1917 21/8/1918 10/1918 stricken 10/1945
SS98 R21   Lake, Bridgeport 4/1917 10/7/1918 6/1919 stricken 5/1930
SS99 R22   Lake, Bridgeport 4/1917 23/9/1918 8/1919 stricken 5/1930
SS100 R23   Lake, Bridgeport 4/1917 5/11/1918 10/1919 stricken 5/1930
SS101 R24   Lake, Bridgeport 5/1917 21/8/1918 6/1919 stricken 5/1930
SS102 R25   Lake, Bridgeport 4/1917 15/5/1919 10/1919 stricken 5/1930
SS103 R26   Lake, Bridgeport 4/1917 18/6/1919 10/1919 stricken 5/1930
SS104 R27   Lake, Bridgeport 5/1917 23/9/1918 9/1919 stricken 5/1930

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

SS78 - 97: 569 / 680

SS98 - 104: 510 / 583

Length, m

SS78 - 97: 56.8

SS98 - 104: 53.3

Breadth, m

SS78 - 97: 5.50

SS98 - 104: 5.10

Draught, m

4.40

No of shafts

2

Machinery

SS78 - 97: 2 NLSE diesels / 2 electric motors

SS98 - 104: 2 Busch-Sulzer diesels / 2 electric motors

Power, h. p.

SS78 - 97: 1200 / 940

SS98 - 104: 1000 / 800

Max speed, kts

SS78 - 97: 13.5 / 11

SS98 - 104: 14 / 11

Fuel, t

diesel oil 75

Endurance, nm (kts) 4700 (6) /

Armament

SS78 - 97: 1 x 1 - 76/50 Mk VI, 4 - 533 TT (bow, 8)

SS98 - 104: 1 x 1 - 76/50 Mk VI, 4 - 450 TT (bow, 8)

Electronic equipment SC sonar

Complement

29

Diving depth operational, m

60

 

Ship project history: Quite successful boats, development of previous 'O' class, but faster and having stronger artillery (a long-barrelled gun). 20 submarines entered service the first (R1-20), were built under Holland project, second seven (R21-27) were built under Lake project. The latter were appeared unsuccessful. Saddle-tank hull.

Modernizations: 1939-1940, most survived: - 1 x 1 - 76/50; + 1 x 1 - 12.7/90, JK sonar

1940s, most survived: - SC sonar; + SD or SJ radar, QB or QC, JP sonars

Naval service: R12 was lost 12/6/1943 off Key West (Florida) during training diving.

Launching of R12, 1919

Ivan Gogin, 2014