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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

SUBMARINES

BARBEL submarines (1959)

Barbel 1963

Blueback 1967

Barbel 1990

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
SS580 Barbel   Portsmouth N Yd 18/5/1956 19/7/1958 17/1/1959 stricken 1/1990
SS581 Blueback 1041 Ingalls, Pascagoula 15/4/1957 16/5/1959 15/10/1959 stricken 10/1990
SS582 Bonefish 515 New York SB, Camden 3/6/1957 22/11/1958 9/7/1959 fire 24/3/1988, stricken 28/2/1989

 

Displacement standard, t

 

Displacement normal, t

2146 / 2639

Length, m

66.8

Breadth, m

8.80

Draught, m

6.30

No of shafts

1

Machinery

3 Fairbank Morse diesel-generators, 1 Westinghouse electric motor

Power, h. p.

3150 / 4700

Max speed, kts

14 / 18.5

Fuel, t

diesel oil

Endurance, nm (kts) 14000(10) / 306(3)

Armament

6 - 533 Mk 58 TT (bow, 22)

Sensors

BPS-12 radar, BQS-4, BQR-2 sonars, BLR-1 ECM suite

Complement

77

Diving depth operational, m

210

   

Ship project history: These submarines, the last US diesel-electric types built, adopted the streamlined hull form of the experimental Albacore to achieve high underwater speed, albeit for only relatively short periods. Stern torpedo tubes had to be eliminated because of the adoption of a single propeller shaft. As built, they had conventional bow diving planes, but they were later modified with planes in their fin structures. They were the first US submarines with all controls centralized in an 'attack center', a practice adopted for all later classes.

    Unlike earlier diesel submarines. they were not refitted with PUFFs passive fire control gear, perhaps because the three large sonar domes involved would have ruined streamlining. They differ from Albacore-shaped nuclear submarines in that they retain a substantial casing with a noticeable free-flooding slot running most of its length.

Modernizations: 1960s, all: - BLR-1 ECM suite; + WLR-1 ECM suite

Naval service: Bonefish was stricken following a serious fire (three fatalities), on 24 March 1988 in 160nm off Atlantic coast of Florida.

Barbel 1979

Ivan Gogin, 2015