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UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

OTHER FIGHTING SHIPS

YORKTOWN gunboats (1889-1891)

Bennington 1891

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
PG1 Yorktown Cramp, Philadelphia 5/1887 28/4/1888 4/1889 stricken 9/1921
PG3 Concord NF Palmer, Chester 5/1888 8/3/1890 5/1889 (completed), 2/1891 (commissioned) stricken 7/1910, reinstated 12/1910, Naval Militia barrack ship 6/1911
PG4 Bennington Delaware River Iron Wks, Chester 6/1888 3/6/1890 6/1891 barge 1906, stricken 9/1910

 

Displacement normal, t

1710

Displacement full, t

1921

Length, m

74.5

Breadth, m

11.0

Draught, m

4.27 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

HTE, 4 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

3400

Max speed, kts

16

Fuel, t

coal 370

Endurance, nm (kts)

PG1, 3: 3440(10)

PG4: 4260(10)

Armour, mm CT: 51

Armament

PG1: 6 x 1 - 152/30 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 37/40 Hotchkiss heavy long Mk I

PG3: 6 x 1 - 152/35 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 37/40 Hotchkiss heavy long Mk I

PG4: 6 x 1 - 152/35 Mk III, 4 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 4 x 1 - 37/40 Hotchkiss heavy long Mk I

Complement

187 - 201

   

Ship project history: Authorised under the Act of 3/3/1885 (Yorktown) and the other two under that of 3/3/87. These ships were originally rigged as three-masted schooners with no head gear, and were classed as cruisers in official British lists resembling the Archer class in some ways. The 152mm guns were in small sponsons, fore and aft on the upper and amidships on the main deck.

Ship protection: there was 51mm protection of CT.

Modernizations: 1905, Yorktown: - 2 x 1 - 57/40; + 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 37/40 Hotchkiss heavy long Mk I

1905, Bennington: - 4 x 1 - 57/40

1910, Yorktown: - 3 x 1 - 37/40

1910, Concord: + 2 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I

1911, Concord: - 3 x 1 - 152/35, 2 x 1 - 57/40, 2 x 1 - 37/40; + 1 x 1 - 102/40 Mk III/IV/V/VI

1914, Yorktown: - 6 x 1 - 152/30; + 6 x 1 - 127/40 Mk III

1918, Yorktown: - 4 x 1 - 47/40; + 4 x 1 - 57/50 Driggs-Schroeder Mk II/III

Naval service: Bennington had a disastrous burst of two boilers in 1905 and was not recommissioned, while Concord served as an accommodation ship from 1909 to 1914 and then as a quarantine station vessel under the Treasury until 1929.

Ivan Gogin, 2014