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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

ESCORTS

"TEV" destroyer escorts (1943-1944)

nearly sister-ship McCoy Reynolds 1945

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DE224 Rudderow Philadelphia N Yd 7/1943 14/10/1943 5/1944 stricken 11/1969
DE225 Day Philadelphia N Yd 7/1943 14/10/1943 6/1944 stricken 6/1968
DE230 Chaffee Charleston N Yd 8/1943 27/11/1943 5/1944 stricken 8/1946
DE231 Hodges Charleston N Yd 9/1943 9/12/1943 5/1944 stricken 12/1972
DE284 Vogelgesang Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE285 Weekes Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE286 Sutton Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE287 William M. Wood Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE288 William R. Rush Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE289 --- Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE290 Williams Charleston N Yd --- --- --- cancelled 1944
DE579 Riley Bethlehem, Hingham 10/1943 29/12/1943 3/1944 to Taiwan 7/1968 (Tai Yuan)
DE580 Leslie L. B. Knox Bethlehem, Hingham 11/1943 8/1/1944 3/1944 stricken 1/1972
DE581 McNulty Bethlehem, Hingham 11/1943 8/1/1944 3/1944 stricken 3/1972
DE582 Metivier Bethlehem, Hingham 11/1943 12/1/1944 4/1944 stricken 6/1968
DE583 George A. Johnson Bethlehem, Hingham 11/1943 12/1/1944 4/1944 stricken 11/1965
DE584 Charles J. Kimmel Bethlehem, Hingham 12/1943 15/1/1944 4/1944 stricken 6/1968
DE585 Daniel A. Joy Bethlehem, Hingham 12/1943 15/1/1944 4/1944 stricken 5/1965
DE586 Lough Bethlehem, Hingham 12/1943 22/1/1944 5/1944 stricken 11/1969
DE587 Thomas F. Nickel Bethlehem, Hingham 12/1943 22/1/1944 6/1944 stricken 12/1972
DE588 Peiffer Bethlehem, Hingham 12/1943 26/1/1944 6/1944 stricken 12/1966
DE589 Tinsman Bethlehem, Hingham 12/1943 29/1/1944 6/1944 stricken 11/1969
DE684 DeLong Bethlehem, Quincy 10/1943 23/11/1943 12/1943 stricken 8/1969
DE685 Coates Bethlehem, Quincy 11/1943 9/12/1943 1/1944 stricken 1/1970
DE686 Eugene E. Elmore Bethlehem, Quincy 11/1943 23/12/1943 2/1944 stricken 6/1968
DE706 Holt Defoe, Bay City 11/1943 15/2/1944 6/1944 to South Korea 6/1963 (Chung Nam)
DE707 Jobb Defoe, Bay City 12/1943 4/3/1944 7/1944 stricken 11/1969
DE708 Parle Defoe, Bay City 1/1944 25/3/1944 7/1944 stricken 7/1970
DE709, 7/1945- APD139 Bray Defoe, Bay City 1/1944 15/4/1944 9/1944 fast transport 7/1945, stricken 6/1960
DE723 Walter X. Young Dravo, Pittsburgh --- --- --- cancelled 6/1944

 

Displacement standard, t

1430

Displacement full, t

1811

Length, m

91.4 wl 93.3 oa

Breadth, m

11.3

Draught, m

3.40 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

DE224, 225: General Electric turbine-generators, electric motors, 2 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

DE230, 231, 684 - 686, 706 - 709: General Electric turbine-generators, electric motors, 2 Combustion Engineering boilers

DE579 - 589: General Electric turbine-generators, electric motors, 2 Foster Wheeler boilers

Power, h. p.

12000

Max speed, kts

23

Fuel, t

oil 347 - 348

Endurance, nm (kts) 5500(15)

Armament

2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (100)

DE684 - 686: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (100)

Sensors

presumably SA, SF or SL or SU radars, sonar

Complement

156

 

Ship project history: Necessity for building, along with destroyers, of smaller and cheaper ships was advanced by a number of officers and admirals of the American Navy in 1939. Such "2nd rank" destroyers could fulfil successfully convoys escort and solve many auxiliary tasks, abstraction on which of destroyers was inexpedient. Oroginally General Board has disapproved of building of similar ships, but next year situation has cardinally changed, and as a result some projects have been prepared. Any of them was not been accepted, as the American designers have tried to go on a way of decreasing of usual destroyer to 1000-1200t displacement, having stored thus her basic armament. As a result very cramped arrangement with unsatisfactory combination of leading particulars was received.

In spite of the fact that the project has not been finished yet, in January, 1941 the decision on building of such 50 destroyers was accepted. That though somehow to boost process of designing, the General board in February changed requirements on speed (not less than 25kts.) and to armament structure (earlier it was provided to install DP 127mm guns). Soon new project was ready: 1140t displacement, 85.3m length, 24kts speed, 2 single 102/50mm or 127/38mm single-purpose guns, 1 quadruple 40mm Bofors, 2 single 20mm Oerlikons and 1 triple TT. General board approved project, however in such kind it was never realised: in May, 1941 this program was cancelled. Probably destroyer escort also would not appear at all, but unexpectedly the help has come from Britain. British commission has become interested in the project and 23/6/1941 directed inquiry about possibility of building of 100 similar ships, with replacement of SP by 3 single 76/50mm AA guns, installation of twin rudders for improvement of manoeuvrability and retuning under the British standard of bridge. Specified corrections have been brought in the project, and already 15/8/1941 plan of building of 50 ships for UK was approved by Roosevelt. Simultaneously the American Navy HQ convinced the president to begin building of similar ships for own navy, but this sentence has been rejected. Only in November, 1941 the order for first DE for USN has followed.

After the introduction of the USA into war congestion of the industry by various defence orders has led to necessity of including to project of significant changes concerning machinery. Originally provided 12000hp twin-shaft geared steam turbines was replaced by diesel, diesel-electric or turbo-electric machinery and only small part of ships was equipped by geared turbines. Besides, new machinery required more spacious engine room and, consequently, lengthened hull.

In the project the displacement reserve for armament strengthening (replacement of three 76mms openly standing guns by two 127mm in enclosed mounts) was included, as has been realised in late series.

In total there were six series of destroyer escorts:

Evarts class (GMT): 6000hp diesel-electric machinery (4 1500hp diesels-generators, 2 electric motors), 76mm guns, "short" hull.

Cannon class (DET): 6000hp diesel-electric machinery (4 1500hp diesels-generators, 2 electric motors), 76mm guns, "long" hull.

Edsall class (FRM): 6000hp diesel machinery (4 1500hp diesels working through gears on 2 shafts), 76mm guns, "long" hull.

Buckley class (TE): 12000hp turbo-electric machinery, 76mm guns, "long" hull.

Rudderow class (TEV): 12000hp turbo-electric machinery, 127mm guns, "long" hull.

John . Butler class (WGT): 12000hp geared steam turbine machinery, 127mm guns, "long" hull.

In 1944 when the number of escorts on Atlantic has been recognised by sufficient, large number of DEs of Buckley and Rudderow classes were converted to fast landing transports for service on Pacific. Thus they received the superstructure expanded to sides, all anti-submarine armament (except two DCR) part of artillery and torpedoes were removed. After conversion such transport could carry up to 162 rangers for which landing 4 LCVP were available.

In total 252 escort destroyers of "TEV" class were ordered. Building of 180 ships was cancelled in 1943 (DE647-664, 725-738, 905-1005) and in 1944 (DE284-300, 607-632, 645, 646, 723, 724).

51 destroyer escorts were converted to fast personnel landing transports. 50 (DE226-229, 232-237, 281-283, 590-606, 674, 721, 722, 687-692 and 710-720, reclassified 17/7/1944 as APD87-136 respectively) were commissioned already in this quality, one more (DE709, reclassified as APD139 16/7/1945) was converted already after service in destroyer escort role. For some reasons works on conversion of two more ships (DE684 and 685 would be APD137 and 138) were not started.

Modernizations: 7/1945, Bray: - 1 x 1 - 127/38, 2 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog DCT, 8 DCT; + 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, military capacity of 4 LCVP, 162 troops

1/1946, DE224, 225, 230, 231, 579-589, 706-708: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10/11 ASWRL, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (100)

1/1946, DE684-686: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10/11 ASWRL, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (100)

1/1946, APD139: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 DCR, 4 LCVP, 162 troops

Naval service: Hodges 9/1/1945 was damaged by kamikaze at Philippines. Knudson 25/3/1945 was damaged by Japanese aircraft at Okinawa.

Rudderow 1944

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15