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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

ESCORTS

"FMR" destroyer escorts (1943-1944)

Edsall 1945

Pillsbury 1955

Edsall 1963

Sturtevant 1963

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DE129 Edsall 252 Consolidated, Orange 7/1942 1/11/1942 4/1943 stricken 6/1968
DE130 Jacob Jones 253 Consolidated, Orange 6/1942 29/11/1942 4/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE131 Hammann (ex-Langley) 254 Consolidated, Orange 7/1942 13/12/1942 5/1943 stricken 10/1972
DE132 Robert E. Peary 255 Consolidated, Orange 6/1942 3/1/1943 5/1943 stricken 7/1966
DE133, 8/1954- DER133 Pillsbury 256 Consolidated, Orange 7/1942 10/1/1943 6/1943 stricken 7/1965
DE134 Pope 257 Consolidated, Orange 7/1942 12/1/1943 6/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE135 Flaherty 258 Consolidated, Orange 11/1942 17/1/1943 6/1943 stricken 4/1965
DE136 Frederick C. Davis 259 Consolidated, Orange 11/1942 24/1/1943 7/1943 sunk 24/4/1945
DE137 Herbert C. Jones 260 Consolidated, Orange 11/1942 19/1/1943 7/1943 stricken 7/1972
DE138 Douglas L. Howard 261 Consolidated, Orange 12/1942 24/1/1943 7/1943 stricken 10/1972
DE139 Farquhar 262 Consolidated, Orange 12/1942 13/2/1943 8/1943 stricken 10/1972
DE140 J. R. Y. Blakely 263 Consolidated, Orange 12/1942 7/3/1943 8/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE141 Hill 264 Consolidated, Orange 12/1942 28/2/1943 8/1943 stricken 10/1972
DE142, 10/1951- DER142 Fessenden 265 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 9/3/1943 8/1943 stricken 9/1966
DE143 Fiske 266 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 14/3/1943 8/1943 sunk 2/8/1944
DE144 Frost 267 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 21/3/1943 8/1943 stricken 4/1965
DE145 Huse 268 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 23/3/1943 8/1943 stricken 8/1973
DE146 Inch 269 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 4/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 10/1972
DE147, 11/1956- DER147 Blair 270 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 6/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 12/1972
DE148 Brough 271 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 10/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 11/1965
DE149 Chatelaine 272 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 21/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 8/1973
DE150 Neunzer 273 Consolidated, Orange 1/1943 27/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 7/1972
DE151 Poole 274 Consolidated, Orange 2/1943 8/5/1943 9/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE152 Peterson 275 Consolidated, Orange 2/1943 15/5/1943 9/1943 stricken 8/1973
DE238 Stewart 9 Brown SB, Houston 7/1942 22/11/1942 5/1943 stricken 10/1972
DE239, 11/1956- DER239 Sturtevant 10 Brown SB, Houston 7/1942 3/12/1942 6/1943 stricken 12/1972
DE240 Moore 11 Brown SB, Houston 7/1942 21/12/1942 7/1943 stricken 8/1973
DE241 Keith (ex-Scott) 12 Brown SB, Houston 8/1942 21/12/1942 7/1943 stricken 11/1972
DE242 Tomich 13 Brown SB, Houston 9/1942 28/12/1942 7/1943 stricken 11/1972
DE243 J. Richard Ward (ex-James R. Ward) 14 Brown SB, Houston 9/1942 6/1/1943 7/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE244, 12/1951- DER244 Otterstetter 15 Brown SB, Houston 11/1942 19/1/1943 8/1943 stricken 8/1974
DE245 Sloat 16 Brown SB, Houston 11/1942 21/1/1943 8/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE246 Snowden 17 Brown SB, Houston 12/1942 19/2/1943 8/1943 stricken 9/1968
DE247 Stanton 18 Brown SB, Houston 12/1942 21/2/1943 8/1943 stricken 12/1970
DE248 Swasey 19 Brown SB, Houston 12/1942 18/3/1943 8/1943 stricken 11/1972
DE249 Marchand 20 Brown SB, Houston 12/1942 20/3/1943 9/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE250 Hurst 21 Brown SB, Houston 1/1943 14/4/1943 8/1943 stricken 12/1972, to Mexico (Comodoro Manuel Azueta)
DE251, 10/1955- DER251 Camp 22 Brown SB, Houston 1/1943 16/4/1943 9/1943 to South Vietnam 2/1971 (Trần Hưng Đạo)
DE252 Howard D. Crow 23 Brown SB, Houston 2/1943 26/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 9/1968
DE253 Pettit 24 Brown SB, Houston 2/1943 28/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 8/1973
DE254 Picketts 25 Brown SB, Houston 3/1943 10/5/1943 10/1943 stricken 11/1972
DE255 Sellstrom 26 Brown SB, Houston 3/1943 12/5/1943 10/1943 stricken 11/1965
DE316 Harveston   Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 22/5/1943 10/1943 stricken 12/1966
DE317, 9/1950- DER317 Joyce   Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 26/5/1943 9/1943 stricken 12/1972
DE318, 10/1951- DER318 Kirkpatrick   Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 5/6/1943 10/1943 stricken 8/1974
DE319 Leopold   Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 12/6/1943 10/1943 sunk 10/3/1944
DE320 Menges   Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 15/6/1943 10/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE321 Mosley   Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 26/6/1943 10/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE322, 11/1956- DER322 Newell   Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 29/6/1943 10/1943 stricken 9/1968
DE323 Pride   Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 3/7/1943 11/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE324, 8/1951- WDE424, 5/1954- DE324, 10/1954- DER324 Falgout   Consolidated, Orange 5/1943 24/7/1943 11/1943 Coast Guard cutter 8/1951, destroyer escort 5/1954, stricken 6/1975
DE325, 7/1951- WDE425, 6/1954- DE325, 10/1954- DER325 Lowe   Consolidated, Orange 5/1943 28/7/1943 11/1943 Coast Guard cutter 7/1951, destroyer escort 6/1954, stricken 9/1968
DE326, 11/1956- DER326 Thomas J. Gary (ex-Gary)   Consolidated, Orange 6/1943 21/8/1943 11/1943 to Tunis 10/1973 (President Bourguiba)
DE327, 10/1955- DER327 Brister   Consolidated, Orange 6/1943 24/8/1943 11/1943 stricken 9/1968
DE328, 8/1951- WDE428, 4/1954- DE328, 8/1956- DER328 Finch   Consolidated, Orange 6/1943 28/8/1943 12/1943 Coast Guard cutter 8/1951, destroyer escort 4/1954, stricken 2/1974
DE329, 6/1951- WDE429, 8/1954- DE329, 10/1955- DER329 Kretchmer   Consolidated, Orange 6/1943 31/8/1943 12/1943 Coast Guard cutter 6/1951, destroyer escort 8/1954, stricken 10/1973
DE330 O`Reilly   Consolidated, Orange 7/1943 2/10/1943 12/1943 stricken 1/1971
DE331, 6/1951- WDE431, 5/1954- DE331, 10/1954- DER331 Koiner   Consolidated, Orange 7/1943 5/10/1943 12/1943 Coast Guard cutter 6/1951, destroyer escort 5/1954, stricken 9/1968
DE332, 10/1955- DER332 Price   Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 30/10/1943 1/1944 stricken 8/1974
DE333, 10/1951- DER333 Strickland   Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 2/11/1943 1/1944 stricken 12/1972
DE334, 6/1951- WDE434, 5/1954- DE334, 10/1955- DER334 Forster   Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 13/11/1943 1/1944 Coast Guard cutter 6/1951, destroyer escort 5/1954, to South Vietnam 9/1971 (Trần Khánh Dư)
DE335 Daniel   Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 16/11/1943 1/1944 stricken 1/1971
DE336, 10/1955- DER336 Roy O. Hale   Consolidated, Orange 9/1943 20/11/1943 2/1944 stricken 8/1974
DE337 Dale W. Peterson   Consolidated, Orange 10/1943 22/12/1943 2/1944 stricken 1/1971
DE338 Martin H. Ray   Consolidated, Orange 10/1943 29/12/1943 2/1944 stricken 5/1966
DE382, 3/1952- WDE482, 4/1954- DE382, 11/1956- DER382 Ramsden 55 Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 24/5/1943 10/1943 Coast Guard cutter 3/1952, destroyer escort 4/1954, stricken 8/1974
DE383, 11/1956- DER383 Mills 56 Consolidated, Orange 3/1943 26/5/1943 10/1943 stricken 8/1974
DE384, 12/1954- DER384 Rhodes 57 Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 29/6/1943 10/1943 stricken 8/1974
DE385, 4/1952- WDE485, 6/1954- DE385 Richey 58 Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 30/6/1943 10/1943 Coast Guard cutter 4/1952, destroyer escort 6/1954, stricken 6/1968
DE386, 9/1954- DER386 Savage 59 Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 15/7/1943 10/1943 stricken 6/1975
DE387, 5/1952- WDE487, 6/1954- DE387, 10/1955- DER387 Vance 60 Consolidated, Orange 4/1943 16/7/1943 11/1943 Coast Guard cutter 5/1952, destroyer escort 6/1954, stricken 6/1975
DE388, 6/1952- WDE488, 3/1954- DE388, 10/1955- DER388 Lansing 61 Consolidated, Orange 5/1943 2/8/1943 11/1943 Coast Guard cutter 6/1952, destroyer escort 3/1954, stricken 2/1974
DE389, 5/1952- WDE489, 6/1954- DE389, 12/1955- DER389 Durant 62 Consolidated, Orange 5/1943 3/8/1943 11/1943 Coast Guard cutter 5/1952, destroyer escort 6/1954, stricken 4/1974
DE390, 10/1954- DER390 Calcaterra 63 Consolidated, Orange 5/1943 16/8/1943 11/1943 stricken 7/1973
DE391, 6/1952- WDE491, 7/1954- DE391, 10/1954- DER391 Chambers 64 Consolidated, Orange 5/1943 17/8/1943 11/1943 Coast Guard cutter 6/1952, destroyer escort 7/1954, stricken 3/1975
DE392 Merrill 65 Consolidated, Orange 7/1943 29/8/1943 11/1943 stricken 4/1971
DE393, 9/1954- DER393 Haverfield 66 Consolidated, Orange 7/1943 30/8/1943 11/1943 stricken 6/1969
DE394 Swenning 67 Consolidated, Orange 7/1943 13/9/1943 12/1943 stricken 7/1972
DE395 Willis 68 Consolidated, Orange 7/1943 14/9/1943 12/1943 stricken 7/1972
DE396 Janssen 69 Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 4/10/1943 12/1943 stricken 7/1972
DE397, 9/1954- DER397 Wilhoite 70 Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 5/10/1943 12/1943 stricken 7/1969
DE398 Cockrill 71 Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 29/10/1943 12/1943 stricken 8/1973
DE399 Stockdale 72 Consolidated, Orange 8/1943 30/10/1943 12/1943 stricken 7/1972
DE400, 10/1955- DER400 Hissem 73 Consolidated, Orange 10/1943 26/12/1943 1/1944 stricken 6/1975
DE401 Holder 74 Consolidated, Orange 10/1943 27/12/1943 1/1944 sunk 11/4/1944

 

Displacement standard, t

1253

Displacement full, t

1602

Length, m

91.4 wl 93.3 oa

Breadth, m

11.2

Draught, m

3.20 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

4 Fairbanks Morse diesels

Power, h. p.

6000

Max speed, kts

21

Fuel, t

diesel oil 320

Endurance, nm (kts) 9000 (12)

Armament

3 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10 ASWRL, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (120)

Sensors

presumably SA, SF or SL or SU radars, QGA sonar

Complement

186

   

Ship project history: Necessity for building, along with destroyers, of smaller and cheaper ships was advanced by a number of officers and admirals of the American Navy in 1939. Such "2nd rank" destroyers could fulfil successfully convoys escort and solve many auxiliary tasks, abstraction on which of destroyers was inexpedient. Oroginally General Board has disapproved of building of similar ships, but next year situation has cardinally changed, and as a result some projects have been prepared. Any of them was not been accepted, as the American designers have tried to go on a way of decreasing of usual destroyer to 1000-1200t displacement, having stored thus her basic armament. As a result very cramped arrangement with unsatisfactory combination of leading particulars was received.

In spite of the fact that the project has not been finished yet, in January, 1941 the decision on building of such 50 destroyers was accepted. That though somehow to boost process of designing, the General board in February changed requirements on speed (not less than 25kts.) and to armament structure (earlier it was provided to install DP 127mm guns). Soon new project was ready: 1140t displacement, 85.3m length, 24kts speed, 2 single 102/50mm or 127/38mm single-purpose guns, 1 quadruple 40mm Bofors, 2 single 20mm Oerlikons and 1 triple TT. General board approved project, however in such kind it was never realised: in May, 1941 this program was cancelled. Probably destroyer escort also would not appear at all, but unexpectedly the help has come from Britain. British commission has become interested in the project and 23/6/1941 directed inquiry about possibility of building of 100 similar ships, with replacement of SP by 3 single 76/50mm AA guns, installation of twin rudders for improvement of manoeuvrability and retuning under the British standard of bridge. Specified corrections have been brought in the project, and already 15/8/1941 plan of building of 50 ships for UK was approved by Roosevelt. Simultaneously the American Navy HQ convinced the president to begin building of similar ships for own navy, but this sentence has been rejected. Only in November, 1941 the order for first DE for USN has followed.

After the joining of the USA into war congestion of the industry by various defence orders has led to necessity of including to project of significant changes concerning machinery. Originally provided 12000hp twin-shaft geared steam turbines was replaced by diesel, diesel-electric or turbo-electric machinery and only small part of ships was equipped by geared turbines. Besides, new machinery required more spacious engine room and, consequently, lengthened hull.

In the project the displacement reserve for armament strengthening (replacement of three 76mms openly standing guns by two 127mm in enclosed mounts) was included, as has been realised in late series.

In total there were six series of destroyer escorts:

Evarts class (GMT): 6000hp diesel-electric machinery (4 1500hp diesels-generators, 2 electric motors), 76mm guns, "short" hull.

Cannon class (DET): 6000hp diesel-electric machinery (4 1500hp diesels-generators, 2 electric motors), 76mm guns, "long" hull.

Edsall class (FRM): 6000hp diesel machinery (4 1500hp diesels working through gears on 2 shafts), 76mm guns, "long" hull.

Buckley class (TE): 12000hp turbo-electric machinery, 76mm guns, "long" hull.

Rudderow class (TEV): 12000hp turbo-electric machinery, 127mm guns, "long" hull.

John . Butler class (WGT): 12000hp geared steam turbine machinery, 127mm guns, "long" hull.

In 1944 when the number of escorts on Atlantic has been recognised by sufficient, large number of DEs of Buckley and Rudderow classes were converted to fast landing transports for service on Pacific. Thus they received the superstructure expanded to sides, all anti-submarine armament (except two DCR) part of artillery and torpedoes were removed . After conversion such transport could carry up to 162 rangers for which landing 4 LCVP were available.

In total 85 ships of "FMR" class were ordered.

Modernizations: 4/1945, Camp: - 3 x 1 - 76/50, 2 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 1 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1/2

1945, some ships: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Mk 1/2

1/1946, DE129-135, 137-142, 144-152, 238-250, 252-255, 316-318, 320-338, 382-400: 3 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 22, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10/11 ASWRL, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (120)

1/1946, DE251: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 1 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10/11 ASWRL, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (120)

1951 - 1956, DER Pillsbury, Fessenden, Blair, Sturtevant, Otterstetter, Ramsden, Mills, Rhodes, Savage, Vance, Lansing, Durant, Calcaterra, Chambers, Haverfied, Wilhoite, Hissem: - 3 x 1 - 76/50, 2 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 1 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, SPS-10, SPS-29 radars

1951, Peterson: - 1 x 1 - 76/50, 1 x 2 - 40/60, 8 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 15 ASWRL

1955, Camp: - 2 x 1 - 40/60; + SPS-10, SPS-29 radars

Naval service: Leopold 9/3/1944 was torpedoed S off Iceland by German submarine U255, and sunk next day. Fiske 2/8/1944 was sunk N off Azores by German submarine U804. Frederick C. Davis 24/4/1945 was sunk in Northern Atlantic by German submarine U546.

Holder 11/4/1944 was badly damaged at coast of Algeria by German Ju 88 bomber and never repaired. Herbert . Jones 15/2/1944 was damaged at Anzio by German guided planning bomb. Menges 3/5/1944 was damaged in Mediterranean sea by German submarine U371. Haverson 25/11/1943 was damaged at collision with Canadian s/s O.K. Service, 15/12/1943 she was again damaged at collision with British s/s William T. Barry.

Lansing 1963

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15