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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

SMITH destroyers (1909-1910)

Smith 1910

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD17 Smith Cramp, Philadelphia 3/1908 20/4/1909 11/1909 stricken 9/1919
DD18 Lamson Cramp, Philadelphia 3/1908 16/6/1909 2/1910 stricken 9/1919
DD19 Preston New York SB, Camden 4/1908 14/7/1909 12/1909 stricken 9/1919
DD20 Flusser Bath Iron Wks 8/1908 20/7/1909 10/1909 stricken 9/1919
DD21 Reid Bath Iron Wks 8/1908 17/8/1909 12/1909 stricken 9/1919
  

Displacement normal, t

700

Displacement full, t

900

Length, m

88.1 wl 89.6 oa

Breadth, m

7.90

Draught, m

2.40

No of shafts

3

Machinery

Parsons steam turbines, 4 Mosher boilers

Power, h. p.

10000

Max speed, kts

28

Fuel, t

coal 304

Endurance, nm(kts) 2800(10)

Armament

5 x 1 - 76/50 Mk III/V/VI, 3 x 1 - 450 TT (6)

Complement

87

Ship project history: These ships were conceived as fully seagoing destroyers, as compared lo the relatively fragile craft of the first US series, ordered in 1898. Hence the high forecastle, and their relatively large size. Ironically, within a few years US practice had jumped once more, to the 'thousand tonners', and these and other smaller destroyers were dismissed as 'flivvers'.

    Although the design originally provided for either reciprocating engines or turbines, the turbine bids were much lower. The two Cramp ships had their two amidships funnels closely paired, the New York ship had hers equally spaced, and the two Bath ships had theirs paired fore and aft. All had triple screws driven by Parsons turbines, with the high-pressure unit on the centre shaft, and the two low-pressure turbines (and cruising turbines) on the wing shafts.

    The uniform armament of 5-76mm/50 guns was a considerable advance on the earlier ships, but, like their predecessors, these destroyers had single TT, with one reload stowed near each tube. By 1916, however, each had three twin tubes, and no reloads.

Modernizations: 1916, all: - 1 x 1 - 76/50, 3 x 1 - 450 TT; + 3 x 2 - 450 TT

Naval service: Smith was based at Brest 1917-18.

Flusser 1909

Ivan Gogin, 2014