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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

FLETCHER destroyers (1942-1945)

La Vallette 1942

La Valette 1942

Pringle 1942

Boyd 1944

Leutze 1944

Twiggs 1944

Black 1945

Kidd 1945

Daly 1963

La Vallette 1963

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD445, 3/1949- DDE445, 6/1962- DD445 Fletcher Federal, Kearny 10/1941 3/5/1942 6/1942 stricken 8/1967
DD446, 3/1949- DDE446, 6/1962- DD446 Radford Federal, Kearny 10/1941 3/5/1942 7/1942 stricken 15/7/1969
DD447, 1/1951- DDE447, 6/1962- DD447 Jenkins Federal, Kearny 11/1941 21/6/1942 7/1942 stricken 7/1969
DD448 La Vallette Federal, Kearny 11/1941 21/6/1942 8/1942 stricken 2/1974
DD449, 3/1949- DDE449, 6/1962- DD449 Nicholas Bath Iron Wks 3/1941 19/2/1942 6/1942 stricken 1/1970
DD450, 3/1949- DDE450, 6/1962- DD450 O`Bannon Bath Iron Wks 3/1941 14/3/1942 6/1942 stricken 1/1970
DD451 Chevalier Bath Iron Wks 4/1941 11/4/1942 7/1942 sunk 7/10/1943
DD452 Percival Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 7/1/1946
DD465, 3/1949- DDE465, 6/1962- DD465 Saufley Federal, Kearny 1/1942 19/7/1942 8/1942 stricken 9/1966
DD466, 3/1949- DDE466, 6/1962- DD466 Waller Federal, Kearny 2/1942 15/8/1942 10/1942 stricken 7/1969
DD467 Strong Bath Iron Wks 4/1941 17/5/1942 8/1942 sunk 5/7/1943
DD468, 1/1951- DDE468, 6/1962- DD468 Taylor Bath Iron Wks 8/1941 7/6/1942 8/1942 to Italy 7/1969 (Lanciere)
DD469 De Haven Bath Iron Wks 9/1941 28/6/1942 9/1942 sunk 1/2/1943
DD470, 1/1951- DDE470, 6/1962- DD470 Bache Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 11/1941 27/7/1942 11/1942 stricken 3/1968
DD471, 1/1951- DDE471, 6/1962- DD471 Beale Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 12/1941 24/8/1942 12/1942 stricken 10/1968
DD472 Guest Boston N Yd, Charlestown 9/1941 20/2/1942 12/1942 to Brazil 6/1959 (Para)
DD473 Bennett Boston N Yd, Charlestown 12/1941 16/4/1942 2/1943 to Brazil 12/1959 (Paraiba)
DD474 Fullam Boston N Yd, Charlestown 12/1941 16/4/1942 3/1943 stricken 6/1962
DD475 Hudson Boston N Yd, Charlestown 2/1942 3/6/1942 3/1943 stricken 12/1972
DD476 Hutchins Boston N Yd, Charlestown 9/1941 20/2/1942 11/1942 damaged 26/4/1945, repair incomplete, stricken 12/1945
DD477 Pringle Charleston N Yd 7/1941 2/5/1942 9/1942 sunk 3/5/1945
DD478 Stanly Charleston N Yd 12/1941 2/5/1942 10/1942 stricken 12/1970
DD479 Stevens Charleston N Yd 12/1941 24/6/1942 2/1943 stricken 12/1972
DD480 Halford Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 6/1941 29/10/1942 4/1943 stricken 5/1968
DD481 Leutze Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 6/1941 29/10/1942 3/1943 damaged 6/4/1945, never repaired
DD482 Watson Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 7/1/1946
DD498, 3/1949- DDE498, 6/1962- DD498 Philip Federal, Kearny 5/1942 13/10/1942 11/1942 stricken 10/1968
DD499, 3/1949- DDE499, 6/1962- DD499 Renshaw Federal, Kearny 5/1942 13/10/1942 12/1942 stricken 1/1970
DD500 Ringgold Federal, Kearny 6/1942 11/11/1942 12/1942 to West Germany 7/1959 (Z2)
DD501 Schroeder Federal, Kearny 6/1942 11/11/1942 1/1943 stricken 10/1972
DD502 Sigsbee Federal, Kearny 7/1942 7/12/1942 1/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD503 Stevenson Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 2/1941
DD504 Stockton Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 2/1941
DD505 Thorn Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 2/1941
DD506 Turner Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 2/1941
DD507, 3/1949- DDE507, 6/1962- DD507 Conway Bath Iron Wks 11/1941 16/8/1942 10/1942 stricken 11/1969
DD508, 3/1949- DDE508, 6/1962- DD508 Cony Bath Iron Wks 12/1941 16/8/1942 10/1942 stricken 7/1969
DD509 Converse Bath Iron Wks 2/1942 30/8/1942 11/1942 to Spain 7/1959 (Almirante Valdez)
DD510, 1/1951- DDE510, 6/1962- DD510 Eaton Bath Iron Wks 3/1942 20/9/1942 12/1942 stricken 7/1969
DD511 Foote Bath Iron Wks 4/1942 11/10/1942 12/1942 stricken 10/1972
DD512 Spence Bath Iron Wks 5/1942 27/10/1942 1/1943 foundered 18/12/1944
DD513 Terry Bath Iron Wks 6/1942 22/11/1942 1/1943 stricken 4/1974
DD514 Thatcher Bath Iron Wks 6/1942 6/12/1942 2/1943 damaged 15/7/1945, repair incomplete, stricken 12/1945
DD515 Anthony Bath Iron Wks 8/1942 20/12/1942 2/1943 to West Germany 1/1958 (Z1)
DD516 Wadsworth Bath Iron Wks 8/1942 10/1/1943 3/1943 to West Germany 10/1959 (Z3)
DD517, 9/1950- DDE517, 6/1962- DD517 Walker Bath Iron Wks 8/1942 31/1/1943 4/1943 to Italy 7/1969 (Fante)
DD518 Brownson Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 2/1942 24/9/1942 2/1943 sunk 26/12/1943
DD519 Daly Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 4/1942 24/10/1942 3/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD520 Isherwood Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 5/1942 24/10/1942 4/1943 to Peru 12/1960 (Guise)
DD521 Kimberly Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 7/1942 4/2/1942 5/1943 to Taiwan 6/1967 (An Yang)
DD522 Luce Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 8/1942 6/3/1943 6/1943 sunk 3/5/1945
DD526 Abner Read Bethlehem, San Francisco 10/1941 18/8/1942 2/1943 sunk 1/11/1944
DD527 Ammen Bethlehem, San Francisco 11/1941 17/9/1942 3/1943 stricken 10/1960
DD528 Mullany (ex-Beatty) Bethlehem, San Francisco 1/1942 10/10/1942 4/1943 to Taiwan 10/1971 (Ching Yang)
DD529 Bush Bethlehem, San Francisco 2/1942 27/10/1942 5/1943 sunk 6/4/1945
DD530 Trathen Bethlehem, San Francisco 3/1942 22/10/1942 5/1943 stricken 11/1972
DD531 Hazelwood Bethlehem, San Francisco 4/1942 20/11/1942 6/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD532 Heermann Bethlehem, San Francisco 5/1942 5/12/1942 7/1943 to Argentina 8/1961 (Brown)
DD533 Hoel Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1942 19/12/1942 7/1943 sunk 25/10/1944
DD534 McCord Bethlehem, San Francisco 7/1942 10/1/1943 8/1943 stricken 10/1972
DD535 Miller Bethlehem, San Francisco 8/1942 7/3/1943 8/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD536 Owen Bethlehem, San Francisco 9/1942 21/3/1943 9/1943 stricken 4/1973
DD537 The Sullivans (ex-Putnam) Bethlehem, San Francisco 10/1942 4/4/1943 9/1943 stricken 12/1974, preserved
DD538 Stephen Potter Bethlehem, San Francisco 10/1942 28/4/1943 10/1943 stricken 12/1972
DD539 Tingey Bethlehem, San Francisco 10/1942 28/5/1943 11/1943 stricken 11/1965
DD540 Twining Bethlehem, San Francisco 11/1942 11/7/1943 12/1943 to Taiwan 10/1971 (Kwei Yang)
DD541 Yarnall Bethlehem, San Francisco 12/1942 25/7/1943 12/1943 to Taiwan 6/1968 (Kuen Yang)
DD544 Boyd Bethlehem, San Pedro 4/1942 29/10/1942 5/1943 to Turkey 10/1969 (Iskenderun)
DD545 Bradford Bethlehem, San Pedro 4/1942 12/12/1942 6/1943 to Greece 9/1962 (Thyella)
DD546 Brown Bethlehem, San Pedro 6/1942 21/2/1943 7/1943 to Greece 9/1962 (Navarinon)
DD547 Cowell Bethlehem, San Pedro 9/1942 18/3/1943 8/1943 to Argentina 8/1971 (Almirante Storni)
DD550 Capps Gulf SB, Chickasaw 7/1941 31/5/1942 6/1943 to Spain 5/1957 (Lepanto)
DD551 David W. Taylor Gulf SB, Chickasaw 7/1941 4/7/1942 6/1943 to Spain 5/1957 (Almirante Ferrandiz)
DD552 Evans Gulf SB, Chickasaw 7/1941 4/10/1942 12/1943 damaged 11/5/1945, repair incomplete, stricken 11/1945
DD553 John D. Henley Gulf SB, Chickasaw 7/1941 15/11/1942 12/1943 stricken 5/1968
DD554 Franks Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 3/1942 7/12/1942 6/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD555 Haggard Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 3/1942 9/2/1943 8/1943 damaged 29/4/1945, never repaired
DD556 Hailey Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 4/1942 9/3/1943 9/1943 to Brazil 7/1961 (Pernambuco)
DD557 Johnston Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1942 25/3/1943 10/1943 sunk 24/10/1944
DD558 Laws Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1942 22/4/1943 11/1943 stricken 4/1973
DD559 Longshaw Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 6/1942 4/6/1943 12/1943 sunk 18/5/1945
DD560 Morrison Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 6/1942 4/7/1943 12/1943 sunk 3/5/1945
DD561 Prichett Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 7/1942 31/7/1943 1/1944 to Italy 1/1970 (Geniere)
DD562 Robinson Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 8/1942 28/8/1943 1/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD563 Ross Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1942 10/9/1943 2/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD564 Rowe Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 12/1942 30/9/1943 3/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD565 Smalley Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 2/1943 17/10/1943 3/1944 stricken 4/1965
DD566 Stoddard Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 3/1943 19/11/1943 4/1944 stricken 6/1975
DD567 Watts Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 3/1943 31/12/1943 4/1944 stricken 2/1974
DD568 Wren Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 4/1943 29/1/1944 5/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD569 Aulick Consolidated, Orange 5/1941 2/3/1942 10/1942 to Greece 8/1959 (Sfendoni)
DD570 Charles Ausburne Consolidated, Orange 5/1941 6/3/1942 11/1942 to West Germany 4/1960 (Z6)
DD571 Claxton Consolidated, Orange 7/1941 1/4/1942 12/1942 to West Germany 12/1959 (Z4)
DD572 Dyson Consolidated, Orange 7/1941 15/4/1942 12/1942 to West Germany 12/1960 (Z5)
DD573 Harrison Consolidated, Orange 7/1941 7/5/1942 1/1943 to Mexico 5/1968 (Cuauthemoc)
DD574 John Rodgers Consolidated, Orange 7/1941 7/5/1942 2/1943 to Mexico 5/1968 (Cuitlahuac)
DD575 McKee Consolidated, Orange 3/1942 2/8/1942 3/1943 stricken 10/1972
DD576, 1/1951- DDE576, 6/1962- DD576 Murray Consolidated, Orange 3/1942 16/8/1942 4/1943 stricken 6/1965
DD577, 3/1949- DDE577, 6/1962- DD577 Sproston Consolidated, Orange 4/1942 31/8/1942 5/1943 stricken 10/1968
DD578 Wickes Consolidated, Orange 4/1942 13/9/1942 6/1943 stricken 11/1972
DD579 William D. Porter Consolidated, Orange 5/1942 27/9/1942 7/1943 sunk 10/6/1945
DD580 Young Consolidated, Orange 5/1942 11/10/1942 7/1943 stricken 5/1968
DD581 Charrette Boston N Yd, Charlestown 2/1942 3/6/1942 5/1943 to Greece 6/1959 (Velos)
DD582 Conner Boston N Yd, Charlestown 4/1942 18/7/1942 6/1943 to Greece 9/1959 (Aspis)
DD583 Hall Boston N Yd, Charlestown 4/1942 18/7/1942 7/1943 to Greece 2/1960 (Lonchi)
DD584 Halligan Boston N Yd, Charlestown 11/1942 19/3/1943 8/1943 sunk 26/3/1945
DD585 Haraden Boston N Yd, Charlestown 11/1942 19/3/1943 9/1943 stricken 11/1972
DD586 Newcomb Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3/1943 4/7/1943 11/1943 damaged 6/4/1945, never repaired
DD587 Bell Charleston N Yd 2/1942 24/6/1942 3/1943 stricken 11/1972
DD588 Burns Charleston N Yd 5/1942 8/8/1942 4/1943 stricken 11/1972
DD589 Izard Charleston N Yd 5/1942 8/8/1942 5/1943 stricken 5/1968
DD590 Paul Hamilton Charleston N Yd 1/1943 7/4/1943 10/1943 stricken 5/1968
DD591 Twiggs Charleston N Yd 1/1943 7/4/1943 11/1943 sunk 16/6/1945
DD592 Howorth Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 11/1941 10/1/1943 4/1944 stricken 3/1962
DD593 Killen Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 11/1941 10/1/1943 5/1944 stricken 1/1963
DD594 Hart (ex-Mansfield) Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 8/1943 25/9/1944 11/1944 stricken 4/1973
DD595 Metcalfe Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 8/1943 25/9/1944 11/1944 stricken 1/1971
DD596 Shields Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 8/1943 25/9/1944 2/1945 to Brazil 7/1972 (Maranhao)
DD597 Wiley Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 8/1943 25/9/1944 2/1945 stricken 5/1968
DD629 Abbot Bath Iron Wks 9/1942 17/2/1943 4/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD630 Braine Bath Iron Wks 10/1942 7/3/1943 5/1943 to Argentina 8/1961 (Domecq Garcia)
DD631 Erben Bath Iron Wks 10/1942 21/3/1943 5/1943 to South Korea 5/1963 (Chung Mu)
DD642 Hale Bath Iron Wks 11/1942 4/4/1943 6/1943 to Columbia 12/1960 (Antioquia)
DD643 Sigourney Bath Iron Wks 12/1942 24/4/1943 6/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD644 Stembel Bath Iron Wks 12/1942 8/5/1943 7/1943 to Argentina 8/1961 (Rosales)
DD649 Albert W. Grant Charleston N Yd 12/1942 29/5/1943 11/1943 stricken 4/1971
DD650 Caperton Bath Iron Wks 1/1943 22/5/1943 7/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD651 Cogswell Bath Iron Wks 2/1943 5/6/1943 8/1943 to Turkey 10/1969 (Izmit)
DD652 Ingersoll Bath Iron Wks 2/1943 28/6/1943 8/1943 stricken 1/1970
DD653 Knapp Bath Iron Wks 3/1943 10/7/1943 9/1943 stricken 3/1972
DD654 Bearss Gulf SB, Chickasaw 7/1942 25/7/1943 4/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD655 John Hood Gulf SB, Chickasaw 10/1942 25/10/1943 7/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD656 Van Valkenburgh Gulf SB, Chickasaw 11/1942 19/12/1943 8/1944 to Turkey 2/1967 (Izmir)
DD657 Charles J. Badger Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 9/1942 3/4/1943 7/1943 stricken 1/1974
DD658 Colahan Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 10/1942 3/5/1943 8/1943 stricken 8/1966
DD659 Dashiell Federal, Kearny 10/1942 6/2/1943 3/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD660 Bullard Federal, Kearny 10/1942 28/2/1943 4/1943 stricken 12/1972
DD661 Kidd Federal, Kearny 10/1942 28/2/1943 4/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD662 Bennion Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3/1943 4/7/1943 12/1943 stricken 4/1971
DD663 Heywood L. Edwards Boston N Yd, Charlestown 7/1943 6/10/1943 1/1944 to Japan 3/1959 (Ariake)
DD664 Richard P. Leary Boston N Yd, Charlestown 7/1943 6/10/1943 2/1944 to Japan 3/1959 (Yugure)
DD665 Bryant Charleston N Yd 12/1942 29/5/1943 12/1943 stricken 6/1968
DD666 Black Federal, Kearny 11/1942 28/3/1943 5/1943 stricken 9/1969
DD667 Chauncey Federal, Kearny 11/1942 28/3/1943 5/1943 stricken 10/1972
DD668 Clarence K. Bronson Federal, Kearny 12/1942 18/4/1943 6/1943 to Turkey 1/1967 (Istanbul)
DD669 Cotten Federal, Kearny 2/1943 12/6/1942 7/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD670 Dortch Federal, Kearny 3/1943 20/6/1943 8/1943 to Argentina 8/1961 (Espora)
DD671 Gatling Federal, Kearny 3/1943 20/6/1943 8/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD672 Healy Federal, Kearny 3/1943 4/7/1943 9/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD673 Hickox Federal, Kearny 3/1943 4/7/1943 9/1943 to South Korea 11/1968 (Pusan)
DD674 Hunt Federal, Kearny 3/1943 1/8/1943 9/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD675 Lewis Hancock Federal, Kearny 3/1943 1/8/1943 9/1943 to Brazil 8/1967 (Piaui)
DD676 Marshall Federal, Kearny 4/1943 29/8/1943 10/1943 stricken 7/1969
DD677 McDermut Federal, Kearny 6/1943 17/10/1943 11/1943 stricken 4/1965
DD678 McGowan Federal, Kearny 6/1943 14/11/1943 12/1943 to Spain 11/1960 (Jorge Juan)
DD679 McNair Federal, Kearny 6/1943 14/11/1943 1/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD680 Melvin Federal, Kearny 7/1943 17/10/1943 11/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD681 Hopewell Bethlehem, San Pedro 10/1942 2/5/1943 9/1943 stricken 1/1970
DD682 Porterfield Bethlehem, San Pedro 10/1942 13/6/1943 10/1943 stricken 3/1975
DD683 Stockham Bethlehem, San Francisco 12/1942 25/6/1943 2/1944 stricken 12/1974
DD684 Wedderburn Bethlehem, San Francisco 1/1943 1/8/1943 3/1944 stricken 10/1969
DD685 Picking Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 11/1942 1/6/1943 9/1943 stricken 3/1975
DD686 Halsey Powell Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 2/1943 30/6/1943 10/1943 to South Korea 4/1968 (Seoul)
DD687 Uhlmann Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 3/1943 30/7/1943 11/1943 stricken 7/1972
DD688 Remey Bath Iron Wks 3/1943 25/7/1943 9/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD689 Wadleigh Bath Iron Wks 4/1943 7/8/1943 10/1943 to Chile 7/1962 (Blanco Encalada)
DD690 Norman Scott Bath Iron Wks 4/1943 28/8/1943 11/1943 stricken 4/1973
DD691 Mertz Bath Iron Wks 5/1943 11/9/1943 11/1943 stricken 10/1970
DD792 Callaghan Bethlehem, San Pedro 2/1943 1/8/1943 11/1943 sunk 28/7/1945
DD793 Cassin Bethlehem, San Pedro 3/1943 12/9/1943 12/1943 stricken 12/1974
DD794 Irwin Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1943 31/10/1943 2/1944 to Brazil 5/1968 (Santa Catarina)
DD795 Preston Bethlehem, San Pedro 6/1943 12/12/1943 3/1944 to Turkey 11/1969 (Içel)
DD796 Benham Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 4/1943 30/8/1943 12/1943 to Peru 10/1961 (Villar)
DD797 Cushing Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 5/1943 30/9/1943 1/1944 to Brazil 7/1961 (Parana)
DD798 Monssen Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 6/1943 30/10/1943 2/1944 stricken 2/1963
DD799 Jarvis Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 6/1943 14/2/1944 6/1944 to Spain 11/1960 (Alcala Galiano)
DD800 Porter Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 7/1943 13/3/1944 6/1944 stricken 10/1972
DD801 Colhoun Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 8/1943 10/4/1944 7/1944 sunk 6/4/1945
DD802 Gregory Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 8/1943 8/5/1944 7/1944 stricken 5/1966
DD803 Little Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1943 22/5/1944 8/1944 sunk 3/5/1945
DD804 Rooks Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 10/1943 6/6/1944 9/1944 to Chile 7/1962 (Cochrane)

 

Displacement standard, t

2325 - 2276

Displacement full, t

2924 - 3005

Length, m

112.5 wl 114.7 oa

Breadth, m

12.1

Draught, m

4.19 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

General Electric geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

60000

Max speed, kts

38

Fuel, t

oil 492

Endurance, nm (kts) 6500 (15)

Armament

DD445 - 451, 465, 467, 468: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 1 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD466, 469, 478, 507, 508, 569: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD470 - 472, 476, 498 - 502, 509 - 513, 570 - 573: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD473 - 475, 481, 514 - 517, 574 - 577: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 3 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 11 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD477, 479, 480: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56), 1 catapult, 1 seaplane (SOC, OS2U, SO3C)

DD518 - 521, 526 - 530, 544, 581, 587 - 589, 629 - 631, 659 - 661, 666, 667: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 3 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD522, 531 - 541, 545 - 547, 554 - 568, 582 - 586, 590, 591, 594 - 597, 642 - 644, 649 - 658, 662 - 665, 668 - 691, 792 - 804: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 5 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD550 - 553, 578 - 580, 592, 593: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 5 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

Sensors

DD445 - 451, 465 - 481, 498 - 502, 507 - 520, 526 - 528, 569 - 576, 587, 588, 629, 659 - 661: presumably SC, SG, Mk 4 radars, sonar

DD521, 522, 529 - 541, 544 - 547, 550 - 568, 577 - 586, 589 - 593, 630, 631, 642 - 654, 657, 658, 662 - 691, 792 - 798: presumably SC, SG, Mk 12/22 radars, sonar

DD594 - 597, 655, 656, 799 - 804: presumably SG, SR, Mk 12/22 radars, sonar

Complement

273

   

Ship project history: The most known destroyers of US Navy. The history of their creation goes back to October, 1939, when the war, which has begun in Europe, has led to cancelling of any limitations in new ships building, and there was a question before General Board: which destroyers to build further. Originally the judgement was declined in favour of destroyers with the moderate dimensions, cheaper and fast built. According to original requirements (displacement no more than 1600ts, not less than four 127mm guns and 10 TTs, 36kts speed) it has been 6 variants prepared, few differing from previous Benson and Sims classes. However already in the end of a year 1600t limitation was cancelled, as it became clear, that within this displacement it is impossible to realise additional requirements. So, it was necessary to find a place for 28mm quadruple MG and strengthened anti-submarine armament.

Under changed  requirements of Bureau of construction new project was prepared (displacement has increased to 2100t). The Secretary of fleet has approved it already 27/1/1940.

In the project for the first time for 20 years have designers returned to flush-deck hull form with appreciable deck sheer. This decision ensured some prize of the weight estimate assigned on the hull, however moderated internal volume, "squeezing out" a part of spaces into superstructures (by the way, the big sizes of fwd superstructure became almost the unique reason for project criticism). Machinery power have raised to 60000hp for achievement of 38kts speed. (At that time there were representation, that speed of destroyer should exceed speed of the ships escorted by her at least on 5kts). Unfortunately, the overload has not allowed to approach to treasured value: at the displacement close to full, seldom it was possible to exceed 34kts.

The armament structure in comparison with previous Benson class has changed at first sight slightly: 28mm MGs and 4 DCTs were added, but it is important, that on Fletcher at designing phase reserve of displacement for new weapons systems was included.

Splinterproof armouring became another important innovation: sides and a deck over machinery were protected by 13mm armour plates, directors had 19mm protection.

The order for first 24 ships (DD445-451 and 465-481) have given out in June — July, 1940. In September the order for 100 ships (DD498-597) has followed. 16/12/1940 order for seven ships was cancelled (DD523-525, 542, 543, 548 and 549), but 6 new ships of class were ordered (DD629-631 and 642-644). In February, 1941 order for DD503-506 was cancelled instead of which 4 Benson class destroyers would be built (DD645-648). When USA entered the war, 56 additional destroyers were ordered (DD649-691 and 792-804).

In 1941, having generalised experience of war in Europe, the conclusion about preference of the open bridge before traditional for US destroyers covered ones from which it is inconvenient to watch for air has been drawn. Open bridges have received DD518-522, 526-541, 544-547, 554-568, 581-591, 594-597, 629-644, 649-691 and 792-804.

With designed composition of light AA armament (1 quadruple 28mm and 4 single 20mm guns)only the very first ships were commissioned: since September, 1942 all έΜ received twin 40mm Boforses instead of "Chicago piano". Soon the number of Oerlikons has increased to 6, and many destroyers received second Bofors on a quarter deck (last position has been recognised subsequently by unsuccessful and to the beginning of 1943 that Bofors was been replaced by three Oerlikons). In February, 1943 the new standard of Fletchers AA armament has been established: three twin Boforses (two aside aft funnel and one between No2 and 3 guns) and 10 (on destroyers with the open bridge) or 11 (with the covered bridge) Oerlikons. The variant accepted in June, 1943, with five twin Boforses, (the additional pair was installed before fwd superstructure) and 7 Oerlikons  became the ultimate standard for this class. Many destroyers were commissioned with such structure of small-calibre guns. Many earlier ships were converted under this standard: by the end of 1944 157 destroyers from 166 operable Fletchers were so armed.

Six ships (DD476-481) was planed to equip by catapult for seaplanes. It was mounted on a superstructure behind the second aft funnel on a place of removed TT No2 and 127mm gun No3. Actually in such kind three ships were commissioned. Usage experience has shown, that seaplane onboard of destroyer is not very much necessary, and remained three destroyers were completed in standard variant configuration. To the second half of 1944 former "aircraft-carriers" also have lost catapults and received standard armament.

DD482 Watson and DD452 Persival were built as test ships with experimental machinery: diesel on the former and turbines with high-parameters steam on the latter. In connection with war begun work on them have suspended, and in 1946 their building was ultimately cancelled.

Modernizations: autumn 1942, all completed and survived but Pringle, Stevens, Halford: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

late 1942, all completed and survived but Pringle, Stevens, Halford: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

early 1943, all completed and survived but Pringle, Stevens, Halford: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 9 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

1943 - 1944, all completed and survived: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 3 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, (10 - 11)  x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

1943 - 1944, Fletcher, Radford, Jenkins, La Valette, Nicholas, O`Bannon, Chevalier, Saufley, Waller, Strong, Taylor, Bache, Beale, Guest, Hutchins, Pringle, Stanly, Stevens, Halford, Philip, Renshaw, Ringgold, Scroeder, Sigsbee, Cottway, Cony, Converse, Eaton, Foote, Spence, Terry, Aulick, Charles Ausburne, Claxton, Dyson, Harrison: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 3 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 11 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

late 1943, all completed and survived: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 5 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

summer 1945, Fletcher, Radford, Jenkins, La Valette, Bennet, Stanly, Renshaw, Sigsbee, Isherwood, Kimberly, Mullany, Trathen, Hazelwood, McCord, Miller, Owen, The Sullivans, Stephen Potter, Tingey, Twining, Capps, Franks, Hailey, Ross, Sproston, Wickes, Young, Izard, Howorth, Sigourney, Charles J. Badger, Kidd, Bryant, Clarence K. Bronson, Cotten, Gatling, Healy, Hickox, Hunt, Lewis Hancock, Marshall, Hopewell, Porterfield, Picking, Halsey Powell, Porter, Gregory, Rooks: were armed by 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 3 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, 3 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

 

1/1946, DD445-448, 473, 478, 499, 520, 521, 528, 530, 531, 534-540, 550, 554, 556, 563, 577, 578, 580, 589, 592, 643, 657, 661, 665, 668, 669, 671-676, 681, 682, 685, 686, 800, 802, 804: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 3 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 3 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

1/1946, DD449, 450, 465, 466, 468, 470, 471, 472, 474, 475, 479, 480, 498, 500, 501, 507-511, 513, 515, 516, 517, 519, 527, 532, 541, 544-547, 551, 553, 558, 561, 562, 564-576, 581-583, 585, 587, 588, 590, 593-597, 629-631, 642, 644, 649-656, 658-660, 662-664, 666, 667, 670, 677-680, 683, 684, 687-691, 793-799: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 5 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

 

1950 - 1951, Daly, Isherwood, Ammen, Mullany, Trathen, Heermann, Miller, The Sullivans, Stephen Potter, Boyd, Cowell, Hailey, Prichett, Rowe, Stoddart, Abbot, Braine, Hale, Stembel, Caperton, Cogswell, Ingersoll, John Hood, Dashiell, Black, Coten, Dortch, Hunt, McDermut, McGowan, McNair, Hopewell, Picking, Uhlmann, Wadleigh, Cassin Young, Irwin, Preston, Benham, Jarvis, Rooks: were armed by 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 3 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 33, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

1949 - 1951, some destroyers were converted to ASW escorts with data as follows:

 

Waller 1952

Fletcher 1963

 

No Name Reconstructed Yard Fate
DDE445 (ex-DD445), 6/1962- DD445 Fletcher 3/1949   stricken 8/1967
DDE446 (ex-DD446), 6/1962- DD446 Radford 3/1949   stricken 7/1969
DDE447 (ex-DD447), 6/1962- DD447 Jenkins 1/1951   stricken 7/1969
DDE449 (ex-DD449), 6/1962- DD449 Nicholas 3/1949   stricken 1/1970
DDE450 (ex-DD450), 6/1962- DD450 O`Bannon 3/1949   stricken 1/1970
DDE465 (ex-DD465), 6/1962- DD465 Saufley 3/1949   stricken 9/1966
DDE466 (ex-DD466), 6/1962- DD466 Waller 3/1949   stricken 7/1969
DDE468 (ex-DD468), 6/1962- DD468 Taylor 1/1951   to Italy 7/1969 (Lanciere)
DDE470 (ex-DD470), 6/1962- DD470 Bache 1/1951   stricken 3/1968
DDE471 (ex-DD471), 6/1962- DD471 Beale 1/1951   stricken 10/1968
DDE498 (ex-DD498), 6/1962- DD498 Philip 3/1949   stricken 10/1968
DDE499 (ex-DD499), 6/1962- DD499 Renshaw 3/1949   stricken 1/1970
DDE507 (ex-DD507), 6/1962- DD507 Conway 3/1949   stricken 11/1969
DDE508 (ex-DD508), 6/1962- DD508 Cony 3/1949   stricken 7/1969
DDE510 (ex-DD510), 6/1962- DD510 Eaton 1/1951   stricken 7/1969
DDE517 (ex-DD517), 6/1962- DD517 Walker 9/1950   to Italy 7/1969 (Fante)
DDE576 (ex-DD576), 6/1962- DD576 Murray 1/1951   stricken 6/1965
DDE577 (ex-DD577), 6/1962- DD577 Sproston 3/1949   stricken 10/1968

 

Displacement standard, t

2325

Displacement full, t

2950

Length, m

112.5 wl 114.8 oa

Breadth, m

12.1

Draught, m

5.50 max

No of shafts

2

Machinery

General Electric geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

60000

Max speed, kts

35

Fuel, t

oil 492

Endurance, nm (kts) 6500 (15)

Armament

most: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 33, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 4 x 1 - 533 TT, 1 x 1 Weapon Alfa Mk 108 launcher, 2 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 11 ASWRL

some: 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 76/50 Mk 33, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 1 x 1 Weapon Alfa Mk 108 launcher, 2 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 11 ASWRL

Sensors

SPS-6 radar, QHB sonar

Complement

 

1950s, some DDEs: - 1 x 1 Weapon Alfa Mk 108 launcher; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 15 ASWRL

late 1950s, DDEs: - QHB sonar; + SQS-4 sonar

early 1960s, Radford, Jenkins, Nicholas: + DASH QH-50 helicopter, SQS-4 VDS sonar (FRAM II modernization):

Jenkins 1963

No Name Reconstructed Yard Fate
DDE446, 6/1962- DD446 Radford 11/1960   stricken 7/1969
DDE447, 6/1962- DD447 Jenkins 1/1961   stricken 7/1969
DDE449, 6/1962- DD449 Nicholas 7/1960   stricken 1/1970

 

Naval service: De Haven 1/2/1943 was sunk by Japanese D3A bombers (3 bombs) at Cape Esperance. Strong 5/7/1943 in battle at New Georgia island was sunk by a torpedo from Japanese destroyer Minazuki, Mocjizuki or Kawakaze. Chevalier 6/10/1943 received torpedo hit from Japanese destroyer Yugumo, badly damaged and 7/10/1943 sunk by a torpedo from destroyer La Vallette. Brownson 26/12/1943 was sunk at Cape Gloucester by Japanese D3A bombers. Hoel and Johnston 25/10/1944 were sunk in battle at Samar island by gunfire of Japanese battlecruiser Kongo and cruiser Haguro. Abner Read 1/11/1944 was sunk by kamikaze at Samar. Spence 18/12/1944 at Luzon island capsized and foundered during a typhoon. Halligan 26/3/1945 was sunk by a mine at Okinawa, her magazines detonated, wreck was cast ashore at Takashiki island and destroyed by gunfire. Longshaw 18/5/1945 at Okinawa landing ran aground at Ose reef, could not be salvaged, strongly damaged by Japanese coastal guns; ship was abandoned by own crew after detonation of fwd magazines. Twiggs 16/6/1945 was sunk by Japanese air torpedo from G4M bomber at Okinawa.

Following destroyers were sunk at Okinawa as a result of attacks of kamikazes: Bush (6/4/1945), Mullany (6/4/1945), Colhoun (6/4/1945), Pringle (3/5/1945), Little (3/5/1945), Luce (4/5/1945), Morrison (4/5/1945), William D. Porter (10/6/1945) and Callaghan (28/7/1945).

La Vallette 30/1/1943 was damaged by Japanese air torpedo and was under repair till August, 1943. O'Bannon 6/10/1943 was damaged at collision with destroyer Chevalier (fore end was destroyed) and repaired till December, 1943. Abner Read 18/8/1943 was damaged by Japanese mine (stern was broken off), repair lasted till the beginning of 1944. Cony 27/10/1943 was damaged by Japanese aircraft (2 bombs), later repaired. Foote 2/11/1943 was damaged by torpedo from Japanese destroyer, repair lasted about half a year. Wadleigh 16/9/1944 was damaged by Japanese mine and repaired till the end of a year. Fullam 12/9/1944 was damaged at collision with APD (ex-DD) Noa and repaired more than two months. Ross 19/10/1944 was damaged by Japanese mine. Morrison 24/10/1944 was damaged as a result of collision with aircraft carrier Princeton during salvage operations (she has lost both funnels and a mast), repaired more than month. Albert W. Grant 24/10/1944 during battle in Surigao Strait was erroneously badly damaged by gunfire of American ships. David W. Taylor 5/1/1945 was damaged by Japanese mine. Philips 10/1/1945 was damaged by Japanese explosive boat. La Vallette and Radford 14/2/1945 were damaged by Japanese mines. Renshaw 21/2/1945 was damaged by a torpedo from Japanese submarine RO43, repaired till October, 1945. Charles J. Badger 8/4/1945 was badly damaged by explosive boat. Jenkins 30/4/1945 was damaged by a mine.

During Philippines landing kamikazes are attacked and caused damages of various severity level to: Claxton (1/11/1944), Ammen (1/11/1944), Newcomb (6/1/1945), Richard P. Leary (6/1/1945), Pringle (29/12/1944), Saufley (29/11/1944), Aulick (29/11/1944), Haraden (13/12/1944), Paul Hamilton (15/12/1944), Howorth (15/12/1944), Foote (21/12/1944) and Bryant (22/12/1944). At Okinawa landing kamikazes are attacked and caused damages of various severity level to: Halsey Powell (20/3/1945), Kimberly (25/3/1945 heavy damages), Porterfield (26/3/1945), Pritchett (heavy damages 2/4/1945, another time 28/7/1945), Franks (heavy 2/4/1945), Sproston (3/4/1945), Leutze (6/4/1945, heavy), Harrison (6/4/1945), Howorth (6/4/1945, heavy), Newcomb (6/4/1945, heavy), Bennett (6/4/1945, heavy), Longshaw (7/4/1945), Hutchins (6/4/1945 and heavy damages 26/4/1945), Gregory (heavy 8/4/1945), Bullard (11/4/1945), Kidd (11/4/1945, heavy), Stanly (12/4/1945), Cassin Young (12/4/1945, heavy, and repeatedly 29/7/1945), Sigsbee (14/4/1945, heavy), Hunt (14/4/1945), Dashiell (14/4/1945), Bryant (16/4/1945, heavy), Benham (17/4/1945), Isherwood (22/4/1945, heavy), Hudson (22/4/1945, heavy, repeatedly 4/5/1945), Wadsworth (22/4/1945 and 28/4/1945), Daly (28/4/1945), Twiggs (28/4/1945), Bennion (28/4/1945, heavy, second time 30/4/1945), Hazelwood (29/4/1945), Haggard (29/4/1945, heavy), Bache (3/5/1945 and 13/5/1945), Cowell (4/5/1945 and 25/5/1945), Brown (10/5/1945), Evans (11/5/1945, heavy), Thatcher (20/5/1945, heavy, repeatedly 19/7/1945), Guest (24/5/1945), Anthony (26/5/1945 and 7/6/1945) and Braine (26/5/1945, heavy). Damages of Leutze, Newcomb and Haggard were so serious, that repair has been recognised by inexpedient.

Kidd 1945

Colahan 1948

Jenkins 1950

© Ivan Gogin, 2014-15