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UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

BRISTOL and LAFFEY destroyers (1941-1943)

BRISTOL

Bristol 1943

Frankford 1963

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD453 Bristol 194 Federal, Kearny 12/1940 25/7/1941 10/1941 sunk 12/10/1943
DD454, 11/1944- DMS19, 5/1954- DD454 Ellyson 195 Federal, Kearny 12/1940 25/7/1941 11/1941 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 5/1954, to Japan 19/10/1954 (あさかぜ <Asakaze>)
DD455, 11/1944- DMS20, 1/1955- DD455 Hambleton 196 Federal, Kearny 12/1940 26/9/1941 12/1941 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 1/1955, stricken 6/1971
DD456, 12/1944- DMS21, 1/1955- DD456 Rodman 197 Federal, Kearny 12/1940 26/9/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 12/1944, destroyer 1/1955, to Taiwan 7/1955 (咸陽 <Hsien Yang>)
DD457, 11/1944- DMS22 Emmons 191 Bath Iron Wks 11/1940 23/8/1941 12/1941 fast minesweeper 11/1944, sunk 6/4/1945
DD458, 11/1944- DMS23, 5/1954- DD458 Macomb 192 Bath Iron Wks 9/1940 23/9/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 5/1954, to Japan 10/1954 (はたかぜ <Hatakaze>)
DD461, 11/1944- DMS24 Forrest   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 1/1941 14/6/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, stricken 12/1945
DD462, 11/1944- DMS25, 7/1955- DD462 Fitch   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 1/1941 14/6/1941 2/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD463 Corry   Charleston N Yd 9/1940 28/7/1941 12/1941 sunk 6/6/1944
DD464, 11/1944- DMS26 Hobson   Charleston N Yd 11/1940 8/9/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, collision 26/4/1952
DD483 Aaron Ward 206 Federal, Kearny 2/1941 22/11/1941 3/1942 sunk 7/4/1943
DD484 Buchanan 207 Federal, Kearny 2/1941 22/11/1941 3/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Gelibolu)
DD485 Duncan 208 Federal, Kearny 7/1941 20/2/1942 4/1942 sunk 12/10/1942
DD486 Lansdowne 209 Federal, Kearny 7/1941 20/2/1942 4/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Gaziantep)
DD487 Lardner 210 Federal, Kearny 9/1941 20/3/1942 5/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Gemlik)
DD488 McCalla 211 Federal, Kearny 9/1941 20/3/1942 5/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Giresun)
DD489, 5/1945- DMS31, 7/1955- DD489 Mervine 212 Federal, Kearny 11/1941 3/5/1942 6/1942 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1968
DD490, 6/1945- DMS32, 7/1955- DD490 Quick 213 Federal, Kearny 11/1941 3/5/1942 7/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD493, 6/1945- DMS33, 7/1955- DD493 Carmick 1 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 8/3/1942 12/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD494, 6/1945- DMS34, 7/1955- DD494 Doyle 2 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 17/3/1942 1/1943 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 12/1970
DD495, 5/1945- DMS35, 7/1955- DD495 Endicott 3 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 5/4/1942 2/1943 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 11/1969
DD496, 5/1945- DMS36, 7/1955- DD496 McCook 4 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 30/4/1942 3/1943 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD497 Frankford 5 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 6/1941 17/5/1942 3/1943 stricken 6/1971
DD618, 6/1945- DMS37, 7/1955- DD618 Davison 222 Federal, Kearny 2/1942 19/7/1942 9/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD619 Edwards 223 Federal, Kearny 2/1942 19/7/1942 9/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD620 Glennon 224 Federal, Kearny 3/1942 26/8/1942 10/1942 sunk 10/6/1944
DD621, 11/1944- DMS27, 7/1955- DD621 Jeffers 225 Federal, Kearny 3/1942 26/8/1942 11/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD622 Maddox 226 Federal, Kearny 5/1942 15/9/1942 10/1942 sunk 10/7/1943
DD623 Nelson 227 Federal, Kearny 5/1942 15/9/1942 11/1942 stricken 3/1968
DD624 Baldwin 6 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 7/1941 14/6/1942 4/1943 wrecked 19/4/1961
DD625, 11/1944- DMS28 Harding 7 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 7/1941 28/6/1942 5/1943 fast minesweeper 11/1944, damaged 6/4/1945, never repaired
DD626 Satterlee 8 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1941 17/7/1942 7/1943 stricken 12/1970
DD627, 5/1945- DMS38, 7/1955- DD627 Thompson 9 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1941 10/8/1942 7/1943 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD628 Welles 10 Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1941 7/9/1942 8/1943 stricken 3/1968
DD632, 5/1945- DMS39, 7/1955- DD632 Cowie   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3/1941 27/9/1941 7/1942 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 12/1970
DD633, 6/1945- DMS40, 7/1955- DD633 Knight   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3/1941 27/9/1941 6/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 6/1967
DD634, 5/1945- DMS41, 7/1955- DD634 Doran   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 6/1941 10/12/1941 8/1942 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD635, 6/1945- DMS42, 7/1955- DD635 Earle   Boston N Yd, Charlestown 6/1941 10/12/1941 9/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 12/1969
DD636, 11/1944- DMS29 Butler   Philadelphia N Yd 9/1941 12/2/1942 8/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, damaged 25/5/1945, never repaired
DD637, 11/1944- DMS30, 7/1955- DD637 Gherardi   Philadelphia N Yd 9/1941 12/2/1942 9/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 6/1971
DD638 Herndon   Norfolk N Yd, Portsmouth 8/1941 5/2/1942 12/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD639 Shubrick   Norfolk N Yd, Portsmouth 2/1942 18/4/1942 2/1943 damaged 28/5/1945, never repaired
DD640 Beatty   Charleston N Yd 9/1941 20/12/1941 5/1942 sunk 6/11/1943
DD641 Tillman   Charleston N Yd 9/1941 20/12/1941 6/1942 stricken 6/1970
DD645 Stevenson 229 Federal, Kearny 7/1942 11/11/1942 12/1942 stricken 6/1968
DD646 Stockton 230 Federal, Kearny 7/1942 11/11/1941 1/1943 stricken 7/1971
DD647 Thorn 231 Federal, Kearny 11/1942 28/2/1943 3/1943 stricken 7/1971
DD648 Turner 232 Federal, Kearny 11/1942 28/2/1943 4/1943 internal explosion 3/1/1944

LAFFEY

Coghlan 1944

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD459 Laffey 5366 Bethlehem, San Francisco 1/1941 29/11/1941 3/1942 sunk 13/11/1942
DD460 Woodworth 5367 Bethlehem, San Francisco 4/1941 29/11/1941 4/1942 to Italy 5/1951 (Artigliere)
DD491 Farenholt 8023 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 12/1940 19/11/1941 4/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD492 Bailey 8024 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 1/1941 19/12/1941 5/1942 stricken 6/1968
DD598 Bancroft 1516 Bethlehem, Quincy 5/1941 31/12/1941 4/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD599 Barton 1517 Bethlehem, Quincy 5/1941 31/1/1942 5/1942 sunk 13/11/1942
DD600 Boyle 1518 Bethlehem, Quincy 12/1941 15/6/1942 8/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD601 Champlin 1519 Bethlehem, Quincy 1/1942 25/6/1942 9/1942 stricken 1/1971
DD602 Meade 8033 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 3/1941 15/2/1942 6/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD603 Murphy 8034 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 5/1941 29/4/1942 7/1942 stricken 11/1970
DD604 Parker 8035 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 6/1941 12/5/1942 8/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD605 Caldwell 5368 Bethlehem, San Francisco 3/1941 15/1/1942 6/1942 stricken 5/1965
DD606 Coghlan 5369 Bethlehem, San Francisco 3/1941 12/2/1942 7/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD607 Frazier 5370 Bethlehem, San Francisco 7/1941 17/3/1942 7/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD608 Gansevoort 5371 Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 11/4/1942 8/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD609 Gillespie 5372 Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 8/5/1942 9/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD610 Hobby 5373 Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 4/6/1942 11/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD611 Kalk 5374 Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 18/7/1942 10/1942 stricken 6/1968
DD612 Kendrick 9007 Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 2/4/1942 9/1942 stricken 5/1966
DD613 Laub 9008 Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 28/4/1942 10/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD614 Mackenzie 9009 Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 27/6/1942 11/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD615 McLanahan 9010 Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 7/9/1942 12/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD616 Nields 1520 Bethlehem, Quincy 6/1942 1/10/1942 1/1943 stricken 9/1970
DD617 Ordronaux 1521 Bethlehem, Quincy 7/1942 9/11/1942 2/1943 stricken 7/1971

 

Displacement standard, t

1900

Displacement full, t

2600

Length, m

103.9 wl 106.2 oa

Breadth, m

11.0

DD634, 635: 11.3

Draught, m

4.92 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Westinghouse geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

50000

Max speed, kts

35

Fuel, t

oil 302 - 453

Endurance, nm (kts) 3630(20) - 3880(20)

Armament

DD453 - 464, 483 - 492, 598, 599, 602, 605, 633, 640, 641: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, (1 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1, 5 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4) or 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

DD600, 601, 603, 604, 606 - 609, 611 - 613, 618 - 620, 622, 632, 634 - 637: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

DD493 - 497, 610, 614 - 617, 621, 623 - 628, 638, 639, 645 - 648 : 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

Sensors

DD453 - 464, 483, 484: presumably SC, Mk 4 radars, QCJ sonar

DD485 - 497, 598 - 624, 632 - 641, 645 - 648: presumably SC, SG, Mk 4 radars, QCJ sonar

DD625 - 628: presumably SC, SG, Mk 12/22 radars, QCJ sonar

Complement

208

   

Ship project history: Despite an occurrence of Fletcher design, for the prompt reinforcement of the Navy, it has been solved in a parallel way with these large destroyers to continue building of Benson class ships which thanks to smaller dimensions, have appeared easier in production and could be built faster. First 12 ships (DD453-464) were ordered in May, 1940; 15 more (DD483-497) in September of the same year. Practically at once after USA joined the war order for 41 additional ships was placed (DD598-628 and 632-641); in February, 1942 last 4 (DD645-648) were ordered. Two final series should be built under the modified design with 28mm quadruple MG instead of 127mm gun No3.

Early 1941 it was been decided, that destroyers, since DD453, will be armed not by five, but four 127/38mm guns (all guns on covered mounts). Two twin 40mm Boforses and 4 single 20mm Oerlikons have appeared in the specification. As production of 40mm guns only was developed, installation of quadruple 28mm MG was provided as provisional measure. The ASW armament had simultaneously been significantly strengthened (all these destroyers were intended for service in Atlantic and Fletchers were provided for Pacific). Two DCRs astern (32 DCs) were strengthened by a single DCT (Y-gun) on a quarter deck (10 DCs). The increased weight of AA and ASW weapons has led to that TT was necessary to refuse from stern (this decision was accepted in August, 1941). Nevertheless the overload called fears, and on last series it was supposed to increase a hull breadth, however really it managed to be made only on DD634 and 635 (11.3m breadth).

As well as their predecessors, ships of Bristol class were built under two detailed designs, made by Bethlehem (DD459, 460, 491, 492 and 598-617) and Gibbs & Сох (DD453-458, 461-464, 483-497, 618-641 and 645-648). Though external differences were stored (funnels with flat sides at the former and circular in section at latter), stuffing of machinery was fulfilled under Gibbs & Сох design. For the simplification of building and reduction of building time ships of late series (DD493-497, 618-628 and 645-648) received a superstructure with more technological rectangular fwd part instead of cylindrical and director placed directly over a chart room roof, instead of on a special curbstone.

The first destroyers were commissioned without 40mm guns, instead of which they received additional Oerlikons (6 guns at all), or temporarily provided 28mm quadruple mount. Standard Boforses for the first time have appeared on DD606. In November, 1942 ultimate armament composition of these destroyers was defined: besides 4 Boforses, they had 7 Oerlikons. All earlier destroyers were also so rearmed, to the beginning of 1944 this process has been finished.

Modernizations: 1942 - 1944, almost all survived DD453-464, 483, 484: + SG radar

1943, Carmick, Gillespie, Glennon, Maddox, Nelson, Earle, Gherardi, Herndon, Shubrick, Stockton, Thorn, Turner: + 3 x 8 - 178 Mousetrap Mk 20 ASWRL

early 1944 all survived: were armed by 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

spring 1944, Carmick, Glennon, Nelson, Earle, Gherardi, Herndon, Shubrick, Stockton, Thorn; summer 1945, Gillespie: - 3 x 8 - 178 Mousetrap Mk 20 ASWRL

11 - 12/1944, DMS Ellyson, Hambleton, Rodman, Emmons, Macomb, Forrest, Fitch, Hobson, Jeffers, Harding, Butler, Gherardi: - 1 x 1 - 127/38 (No 4), 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 4 DCT (34 DC at all); + minesweeping gear

5 - 6/1945, DMS Mervine, Quick, Carmick, Doyle, Endicott, McCook, Davison, Thompson, Cowie, Knight, Doran, Earle: - 1 x 1 - 127/38 (No 4), 5 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT (32 DC at all); + 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, minesweeping gear

summer 1945, Frankford, Boyle, Champlin, Murphy, Parker, Gansevoort, Hobby, Kendrick, Laub, Mackenzie, Nields, Ordronaux, Nelson, Baldwin, Welles: - 5 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

summer 1945, McLanahan: - 5 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

 

1/1946, DMS19-21, 23, 25-27, 30: 3 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (34), minesweeping gear, SC, SG, Mk 4 or Mk 12/22 radars, QCJ sonar

1/1946, DD460, 484, 486-488, 491, 492, 598, 602, 605-607, 609, 611, 619, 626, 638, 641, 645-647: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62), SC, SG, Mk 4 or Mk 12/22 radars, QCJ sonar

1/1946, DMS31-42: 3 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (32), SC, SG, Mk 4 or Mk 12/22 radars, QCJ sonar

1/1946, DD497, 600, 601, 603, 604, 608, 610, 612-614, 616, 617, 623, 624, 628: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62), SC, SG, Mk 4 or Mk 12/22 radars, QCJ sonar

1/1946, DD615: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62), SC, SG, Mk 4 or Mk 12/22 radars, QCJ sonar

 

Naval service: Duncan 11/10/1942 in battle at Cape Esperance was badly damaged by Japanese cruiser Furutaka and destroyer Hatsuyuki and sunk next day. Laffey 13/11/1942 in battle at Guadalcanal received hit of Japanese 356mm shell from battlecruiser Hiei and one torpedo from destroyer Teruzuki, has blown up and sunk. Barton 13/11/1942 in battle at Guadalcanal received two torpedo hits from Japanese destroyer Yudachi and sunk. Aaron Ward 13/11/1942 was badly damaged by gunfire of Japanese ships and was under repair prior to the beginning of spring 1943; 7/4/1943 she was sunk by Japanese D3A carrier bombers at Guadalcanal at convoy escorting. Bailey 26/3/1943 was badly damaged by 203mm shell from Japanese heavy cruiser and was under repair till Summer 1943. Maddox 10/7/1943 during Sicily landing was sunk by German bombers. Bristol 12/10/1943 was sunk off coast of Algeria by German submarine U371. Beatty 6/11/1943 was sunk in the central Mediterranean by German air torpedo from Ju 88 bomber. Turner 3/1/1944 was lost in harbour of New York as a result of internal explosion (possibly of magazines). Corry 6/6/1944 at Normandy landing was blown up on German mine, broken apart and sunk. Glennon 8/6/1944 also was mined at coast of Normandy and sunk by German coastal artillery two days later. Emmons 6/4/1945 was sunk off Okinawa after hits of 5 kamikazes.

Farenholt 11/10/1942 was badly damaged by Japanese ships and was under repair till March of next year. Buchanan 12/11/1942 was casually badly damaged by gunfire of USN ships and was under repair till the next spring. Hambleton 11/11/1942 was damaged by a torpedo from German submarine and was repaired till mid-1943. Murphy 21/10/1943 was badly damaged SE of New York at collision with tanker Bulkoil, broken apart, bow has sunk, ship was under repair till mid-1944. Nelson 11.6.1944 was damaged by German torpedo and was repaired till the end of a year. Caldwell 27/6/1945 was damaged by a mine and was under repair till the end of war. Following ships were attacked by kamikazes off Okinawa and received damages: Hambleton (3/4/1945), Rodman (6/4/1945, heavy), Harding (6/4/1945, heavy), Jeffers (12/4/1945, heavy), Hobson (16/4/1945, heavy), Macomb (3/5/1945, heavy), Butler (28/4/1945 and heavy damages 25/5/1945), Forrest (27/5/1945, heavy) and Shubrick (28/5/1945, heavy). Damages of Forrest, Harding, Butler and Shubrick have appeared so serious, that their repair has been recognised as inexpedient.

    Hobson collided with aircraft carrier Wasp 26/4/1952 in Northern Atlantic, destroyer capsized, broken apart and sunk. Baldwin grounded under tow on Montauk point, New York 19/4/1961.

 

Bristol 1941

© Ivan Gogin, 2014-15