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UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

BRISTOL and LAFFEY destroyers (1941-1943)

BRISTOL

Bristol 1943

Frankford 1963

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD453 Bristol Federal, Kearny 12/1940 25/7/1941 10/1941 sunk 12/10/1943
DD454, 11/1944- DMS19, 5/1954- DD454 Ellyson Federal, Kearny 12/1940 25/7/1941 11/1941 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 5/1954, to Japan 19/10/1954 (Asakaze)
DD455, 11/1944- DMS20, 1/1955- DD455 Hambleton Federal, Kearny 12/1940 26/9/1941 12/1941 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 1/1955, stricken 6/1971
DD456, 12/1944- DMS21, 1/1955- DD456 Rodman Federal, Kearny 12/1940 26/9/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 12/1944, destroyer 1/1955, to Taiwan 7/1955 (Hsien Yang)
DD457, 11/1944- DMS22 Emmons Bath Iron Wks 11/1940 23/8/1941 12/1941 fast minesweeper 11/1944, sunk 6/4/1945
DD458, 11/1944- DMS23, 5/1954- DD458 Macomb Bath Iron Wks 9/1940 23/9/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 5/1954, to Japan 10/1954 (Hatakaze)
DD461, 11/1944- DMS24 Forrest Boston N Yd, Charlestown 1/1941 14/6/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, stricken 12/1945
DD462, 11/1944- DMS25, 7/1955- DD462 Fitch Boston N Yd, Charlestown 1/1941 14/6/1941 2/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD463 Corry Charleston N Yd 9/1940 28/7/1941 12/1941 sunk 6/6/1944
DD464, 11/1944- DMS26 Hobson Charleston N Yd 11/1940 8/9/1941 1/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, collision 26/4/1952
DD483 Aaron Ward Federal, Kearny 2/1941 22/11/1941 3/1942 sunk 7/4/1943
DD484 Buchanan Federal, Kearny 2/1941 22/11/1941 3/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Gelibolu)
DD485 Duncan Federal, Kearny 7/1941 20/2/1942 4/1942 sunk 12/10/1942
DD486 Lansdowne Federal, Kearny 7/1941 20/2/1942 4/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Gaziantep)
DD487 Lardner Federal, Kearny 9/1941 20/3/1942 5/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Gemlik)
DD488 McCalla Federal, Kearny 9/1941 20/3/1942 5/1942 to Turkey 4/1949 (Giresun)
DD489, 5/1945- DMS31, 7/1955- DD489 Mervine Federal, Kearny 11/1941 3/5/1942 6/1942 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1968
DD490, 6/1945- DMS32, 7/1955- DD490 Quick Federal, Kearny 11/1941 3/5/1942 7/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD493, 6/1945- DMS33, 7/1955- DD493 Carmick Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 8/3/1942 12/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD494, 6/1945- DMS34, 7/1955- DD494 Doyle Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 17/3/1942 1/1943 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 12/1970
DD495, 5/1945- DMS35, 7/1955- DD495 Endicott Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 5/4/1942 2/1943 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 11/1969
DD496, 5/1945- DMS36, 7/1955- DD496 McCook Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 5/1941 30/4/1942 3/1943 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD497 Frankford Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 6/1941 17/5/1942 3/1943 stricken 6/1971
DD618, 6/1945- DMS37, 7/1955- DD618 Davison Federal, Kearny 2/1942 19/7/1942 9/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD619 Edwards Federal, Kearny 2/1942 19/7/1942 9/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD620 Glennon Federal, Kearny 3/1942 26/8/1942 10/1942 sunk 10/6/1944
DD621, 11/1944- DMS27, 7/1955- DD621 Jeffers Federal, Kearny 3/1942 26/8/1942 11/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD622 Maddox Federal, Kearny 5/1942 15/9/1942 10/1942 sunk 10/7/1943
DD623 Nelson Federal, Kearny 5/1942 15/9/1942 11/1942 stricken 3/1968
DD624 Baldwin Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 7/1941 14/6/1942 4/1943 wrecked 19/4/1961
DD625, 11/1944- DMS28 Harding Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 7/1941 28/6/1942 5/1943 fast minesweeper 11/1944, damaged 6/4/1945, never repaired
DD626 Satterlee Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1941 17/7/1942 7/1943 stricken 12/1970
DD627, 5/1945- DMS38, 7/1955- DD627 Thompson Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1941 10/8/1942 7/1943 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 7/1971
DD628 Welles Seattle-Tacoma, Seattle 9/1941 7/9/1942 8/1943 stricken 3/1968
DD632, 5/1945- DMS39, 7/1955- DD632 Cowie Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3/1941 27/9/1941 7/1942 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 12/1970
DD633, 6/1945- DMS40, 7/1955- DD633 Knight Boston N Yd, Charlestown 3/1941 27/9/1941 6/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 6/1967
DD634, 5/1945- DMS41, 7/1955- DD634 Doran Boston N Yd, Charlestown 6/1941 10/12/1941 8/1942 fast minesweeper 5/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 1/1972
DD635, 6/1945- DMS42, 7/1955- DD635 Earle Boston N Yd, Charlestown 6/1941 10/12/1941 9/1942 fast minesweeper 6/1945, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 12/1969
DD636, 11/1944- DMS29 Butler Philadelphia N Yd 9/1941 12/2/1942 8/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, damaged 25/5/1945, never repaired
DD637, 11/1944- DMS30, 7/1955- DD637 Gherardi Philadelphia N Yd 9/1941 12/2/1942 9/1942 fast minesweeper 11/1944, destroyer 7/1955, stricken 6/1971
DD638 Herndon Norfolk N Yd, Portsmouth 8/1941 5/2/1942 12/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD639 Shubrick Norfolk N Yd, Portsmouth 2/1942 18/4/1942 2/1943 damaged 28/5/1945, never repaired
DD640 Beatty Charleston N Yd 9/1941 20/12/1941 5/1942 sunk 6/11/1943
DD641 Tillman Charleston N Yd 9/1941 20/12/1941 6/1942 stricken 6/1970
DD645 Stevenson Federal, Kearny 7/1942 11/11/1942 12/1942 stricken 6/1968
DD646 Stockton Federal, Kearny 7/1942 11/11/1941 1/1943 stricken 7/1971
DD647 Thorn Federal, Kearny 11/1942 28/2/1943 3/1943 stricken 7/1971
DD648 Turner Federal, Kearny 11/1942 28/2/1943 4/1943 internal explosion 3/1/1944

LAFFEY

Coghlan 1944

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD459 Laffey Bethlehem, San Francisco 1/1941 29/11/1941 3/1942 sunk 13/11/1942
DD460 Woodworth Bethlehem, San Francisco 4/1941 29/11/1941 4/1942 to Italy 5/1951 (Artigliere)
DD491 Farenholt Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 12/1940 19/11/1941 4/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD492 Bailey Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 1/1941 19/12/1941 5/1942 stricken 6/1968
DD598 Bancroft Bethlehem, Quincy 5/1941 31/12/1941 4/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD599 Barton Bethlehem, Quincy 5/1941 31/1/1942 5/1942 sunk 13/11/1942
DD600 Boyle Bethlehem, Quincy 12/1941 15/6/1942 8/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD601 Champlin Bethlehem, Quincy 1/1942 25/6/1942 9/1942 stricken 1/1971
DD602 Meade Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 3/1941 15/2/1942 6/1942 stricken 6/1971
DD603 Murphy Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 5/1941 29/4/1942 7/1942 stricken 11/1970
DD604 Parker Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 6/1941 12/5/1942 8/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD605 Caldwell Bethlehem, San Francisco 3/1941 15/1/1942 6/1942 stricken 5/1965
DD606 Coghlan Bethlehem, San Francisco 3/1941 12/2/1942 7/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD607 Frazier Bethlehem, San Francisco 7/1941 17/3/1942 7/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD608 Gansevoort Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 11/4/1942 8/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD609 Gillespie Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 8/5/1942 9/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD610 Hobby Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 4/6/1942 11/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD611 Kalk Bethlehem, San Francisco 6/1941 18/7/1942 10/1942 stricken 6/1968
DD612 Kendrick Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 2/4/1942 9/1942 stricken 5/1966
DD613 Laub Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 28/4/1942 10/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD614 Mackenzie Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 27/6/1942 11/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD615 McLanahan Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1941 7/9/1942 12/1942 stricken 7/1971
DD616 Nields Bethlehem, Quincy 6/1942 1/10/1942 1/1943 stricken 9/1970
DD617 Ordronaux Bethlehem, Quincy 7/1942 9/11/1942 2/1943 stricken 7/1971

 

Displacement standard, t

1900

Displacement full, t

2600

Length, m

103.9 wl 106.2 oa

Breadth, m

11.0

DD634, 635: 11.3

Draught, m

4.92 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Westinghouse geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

50000

Max speed, kts

35

Fuel, t

oil 302 - 453

Endurance, nm (kts) 3630(20) - 3880(20)

Armament

DD453 - 464, 483 - 492, 598, 599, 602, 605, 633, 640, 641: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, (1 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1, 5 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4) or 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

DD600, 601, 603, 604, 606 - 609, 611 - 613, 618 - 620, 622, 632, 634 - 637: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

DD493 - 497, 610, 614 - 617, 621, 623 - 628, 638, 639, 645 - 648 : 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

Sensors

DD453 - 464, 483, 484: presumably SC, Mk 4 radars, sonar

DD485 - 497, 598 - 624, 632 - 641, 645 - 648: presumably SC, SG, Mk 4 radars, sonar

DD625 - 628: presumably SC, SG, Mk 12/22 radars, sonar

Complement

208

   

Ship project history: Despite an occurrence of Fletcher project, for the prompt reinforcement of the Navy, it has been solved in a parallel way with these large destroyers to continue building of Benson class ships which thanks to smaller dimensions, have appeared easier in production and could be built faster.

First 12 ships (DD453-464) were ordered in May, 1940; 15 more (DD483-497) in September of the same year. Practically at once after USA entered the war order for 41 additional ships was placed (DD598-628 and 632-641); in February, 1942 last 4 (DD645-648) were ordered. Two final series should be built under the modified project with 28mm quadruple MG instead of 127mm gun No3.

In the beginning of 1941 it was been decided, that destroyers, since DD453, will be armed not by five, but four 127/38mm guns (all guns on covered mounts). Two twin 40mm Boforses and 4 single 20mm Oerlikons have appeared in the specification. As production of 40mm guns only was developed, installation of quadruple 28mm MG was provided as provisional measure. The anti-submarine armament had simultaneously been significantly strengthened (all these destroyers were intended for service in Atlantic and Fletchers were provided for Pacific). Two DCR astern (32DCs) were strengthened by a single DCT (Y-gun) on a quarter deck (10 DCs). The increased weight of antiaircraft and antisubmarine weapons has led to that TT was necessary to refuse from stern (the decision on it was accepted in August, 1941). Nevertheless the overload called fears, and on last series it was supposed to increase a hull breadth, however really it managed to be made only on DD634 and 635 (11.3m breadth).

As well as their predecessors, ships of Bristol class were built under two detailed designs, made by Bethlehem (DD459, 460, 491, 492 and 598-617) and Gibbs and Сох (DD453-458, 461-464, 483-497, 618-641 and 645-648). Though external differences were stored (funnels with flat sides at the former and circular in section at latter), stuffing of machinery was fulfilled under Gibbs and Сох design.

For the purpose of simplification of building and reduction of building time ships of late series (DD493-497, 618-628 and 645-648) received a superstructure with more technological rectangular front part instead of cylindrical and director placed directly over a chart room roof, instead of on a special curbstone.

The first destroyers were commissioned without 40mm guns, instead of which they received additional Oerlikons (6 barrels at all), or temporarily provided 28mm quadruple mount. Regular Boforses for the first time have appeared on DD606. In November, 1942 ultimate armament composition of these destroyers was defined: besides 4 Boforses, they had 7 Oerlikons. All earlier destroyers were also so rearmed, to the beginning of 1944 this process has been finished.

Modernizations: 1943, Carmick, Gillespie, Glennon, Maddox, Nelson, Earle, Gherardi, Herndon, Shubrick, Stockton, Thorn, Turner: + 3 x 8 - 178 Mousetrap DCT

early 1944 all survived: were armed by 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

spring 1944, Carmick, Glennon, Nelson, Earle, Gherardi, Herndon, Shubrick, Stockton, Thorn; summer 1945, Gillespie: - 3 x 8 - 178 Mousetrap DCT

11 - 12/1944, DMS Ellyson, Hambleton, Rodman, Emmons, Macomb, Forrest, Fitch, Hobson, Jeffers, Harding, Butler, Gherardi: - 1 x 1 - 127/38 (No 4), 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 4 DCT (34 DC in total); + sweeps

5 - 6/1945, DMS Mervine, Quick, Carmick, Doyle, Endicott, McCook, Davison, Thompson, Cowie, Knight, Doran, Earle: - 1 x 1 - 127/38 (No 4), 5 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT (32 DC in total); + 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, sweeps

summer 1945, Frankford, Boyle, Champlin, Murphy, Parker, Gansevoort, Hobby, Kendrick, Laub, Mackenzie, Nields, Ordronaux, Nelson, Baldwin, Welles: - 5 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

summer 1945, McLanahan: - 5 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

 

1/1946, DMS19-21, 23, 25-27, 30: 3 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (34), sweeps

1/1946, DD460, 484, 486-488, 491, 492, 598, 602, 605-607, 609, 611, 619, 626, 638, 641, 645-647: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

1/1946, DMS31-42: 3 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 DCT, 2 DCR (32)

1/1946, DD497, 600, 601, 603, 604, 608, 610, 612-614, 616, 617, 623, 624, 628: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

1/1946, DD615: 4 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (62)

 

Naval service: Duncan 11/10/1942 in battle at Cape Esperance was badly damaged by Japanese cruiser Furutaka and destroyer Hatsuyuki and sunk next day. Laffey 13/11/1942 in battle at Guadalcanal received hit of Japanese 356mm shell from battlecruiser Hiei and one torpedo from destroyer Teruzuki, has blown up and sunk. Barton 13/11/1942 in battle at Guadalcanal received hits of two torpedoes from Japanese destroyer Yudachi and sunk. Aaron Ward 13/11/1942 was badly damaged by gunfire of Japanese ships and was under repair prior to the beginning of spring 1943; 7/4/1943 she was sunk by Japanese D3A carrier bombers at Guadalcanal at convoy conducting. Bailey 26/3/1943 was badly damaged by 203mm shell from Japanese heavy cruiser and was repaired till Summer 1943. Maddox 10/7/1943 during Sicily landing was sunk by German bombers. Bristol 12/10/1943 was sunk at coast of Algeria by German submarine U371. Beatty 6/11/1943 was sunk in the central Mediterranean by German air torpedo from Ju 88 bomber. Turner 3/1/1944 was lost in harbour of New York as a result of internal explosion (possibly of magazines). Corry 6/6/1944 at Normandy landing was blown up on German mine, broken apart and sunk. Glennon 8/6/1944 also was mined at coast of Normandy and two days later sunk by German coastal artillery. Emmons 6/4/1945 was sunk off Okinawa after hits of 5 kamikazes.

Farenholt 11/10/1942 was badly damaged by Japanese ships and repaired till March of next year. Buchanan 12/11/1942 was casually badly damaged by gunfire of American ships and was under repair till the next spring. Hambleton 11/11/1942 was damaged by a torpedo from German submarine and repaired till mid-1943. Murphy 21/10/1943 was badly damaged SE of New York at collision with tanker Bulkoil, broken apart, bow has sunk, ship was under repair till mid-1944. Nelson 11.6.1944 was damaged by German torpedo, repaired till the end of a year. Caldwell 27/6/1945 was damaged on a mine and was under repair till the end of war. At Okinawa landing kamikazes are attacked and caused damages of various severity level to: Hambleton (3/4/1945), Rodman (6/4/1945, heavy), Harding (6/4/1945, heavy), Jeffers (12/4/1945, heavy), Hobson (16/4/1945, heavy), Macomb (3/5/1945, heavy), Butler (28/4/1945 and heavy damages 25/5/1945), Forrest (27/5/1945, heavy) and Shubrick (28/5/1945, heavy). Damages of Forrest, Harding, Butler and Shubrick have appeared so serious, that their repair has been recognised as inexpedient.

    Hobson collided with aircraft carrier Wasp 26/4/1952 in Northern Atlantic, destroyer was turned over, broken apart and sunk. Baldwin grounded under tow on Montauk point, New York 19/4/1961.

 

Bristol 1941

© Ivan Gogin, 2014-15