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UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

TORPEDO SHIPS

ALLEN M. SUMNER destroyers (1943-1946)

De Haven 1944

English 1963

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
DD692 Allen M. Sumner 377 Federal, Kearny 7/1943 15/12/1943 1/1944 stricken 8/1973
DD693 Moale 378 Federal, Kearny 8/1943 16/1/1944 2/1944 stricken 7/1973
DD694 Ingraham 379 Federal, Kearny 8/1943 16/1/1944 3/1944 to Greece 7/1971 (Μιαούλης <Miaoulis>)
DD695 Cooper 380 Federal, Kearny 8/1943 9/2/1944 3/1944 sunk 3/12/1944
DD696 English 381 Federal, Kearny 10/1943 27/2/1944 5/1944 to Taiwan 8/1970 (惠陽 <Huei Yang>)
DD697 Charles S. Sperry 382 Federal, Kearny 10/1943 13/3/1944 5/1944 to Chile 1/1974 (Ministro Zenteno)
DD698 Ault 383 Federal, Kearny 11/1943 26/3/1944 5/1944 stricken 7/1973
DD699 Waldron 384 Federal, Kearny 11/1943 26/3/1944 6/1944 to Columbia 10/1973 (Santander)
DD700 Haynsworth 385 Federal, Kearny 12/1943 15/4/1944 6/1944 to Taiwan 5/1970 (岳陽 <Yuen Yang>)
DD701 John W. Weeks 386 Federal, Kearny 1/1944 21/5/1944 7/1944 stricken 8/1970
DD702 Hank 387 Federal, Kearny 1/1944 21/5/1944 8/1944 to Argentina 7/1972 (Seguí)
DD703 Wallace L. Lind 388 Federal, Kearny 2/1944 14/6/1944 9/1944 to South Korea 12/1973 (대구 <Daegu>)
DD704 Borie 389 Federal, Kearny 2/1944 4/7/1944 9/1944 to Argentina 7/1972 (Bouchard)
DD705 Compton 390 Federal, Kearny 3/1944 17/9/1944 11/1944 to Brazil 9/1972 (Matto Grosso)
DD706 Gainard 391 Federal, Kearny 3/1944 17/9/1944 11/1944 stricken 2/1971
DD707 Soley 392 Federal, Kearny 4/1944 8/9/1944 12/1944 stricken 2/1970
DD708 Harlan R. Dickson 393 Federal, Kearny 5/1944 17/12/1944 2/1945 stricken 7/1972
DD709 Hugh Purvis 394 Federal, Kearny 5/1944 17/12/1944 3/1945 to Turkey 2/1972 (Zafer)
DD722 Barton 223 Bath Iron Wks 5/1943 10/10/1943 12/1943 stricken 10/1968
DD723 Walke 224 Bath Iron Wks 6/1943 27/10/1943 1/1944 stricken 2/1974
DD724 Laffey 225 Bath Iron Wks 6/1943 21/11/1943 2/1944 stricken 3/1975, preserved
DD725 O'Brien 226 Bath Iron Wks 12/1943 8/12/1943 2/1944 stricken 2/1972
DD726 Meredith 227 Bath Iron Wks 7/1943 21/12/1943 3/1944 sunk 9/6/1944
DD727 De Haven 228 Bath Iron Wks 8/1943 9/1/1944 3/1944 to South Korea 12/1973 (인천 <Incheon>)
DD728 Mansfield 229 Bath Iron Wks 8/1943 29/1/1944 4/1944 to Argentina 6/1974 (spares)
DD729 Lyman K. Swenson 230 Bath Iron Wks 9/1943 12/2/1944 5/1944 to Taiwan 5/1974 (spares)
DD730 Collett 231 Bath Iron Wks 10/1943 5/3/1944 5/1944 to Argentina 6/1974 (Piedra Buena)
DD731 Maddox 232 Bath Iron Wks 10/1943 19/3/1944 6/1944 to Taiwan 7/1972 (鄱陽 <Po Yang>)
DD732 Hyman 233 Bath Iron Wks 11/1943 8/4/1944 6/1944 stricken 11/1969
DD733 Mannert L. Abele 234 Bath Iron Wks 12/1943 23/4/1944 7/1944 sunk 12/4/1945
DD734 Purdy 235 Bath Iron Wks 12/1943 7/5/1944 7/1944 stricken 7/1973
DD735 Robert H. Smith 236 Bath Iron Wks 1/1944 25/5/1944 ---// 8/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM23
DD736 Thomas E. Fraser 237 Bath Iron Wks 1/1944 10/6/1944 ---// 8/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM24
DD737 Shannon 238 Bath Iron Wks 2/1944 24/6/1944 ---// 9/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM25
DD738 Harry F. Bauer 239 Bath Iron Wks 3/1944 9/7/1944 ---// 9/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM26
DD739 Adams 240 Bath Iron Wks 3/1944 23/7/1944 ---// 10/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM27
DD740 Tolman 241 Bath Iron Wks 4/1944 13/8/1944 ---// 10/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM28
DD741 Drexler 242 Bath Iron Wks 4/1944 3/9/1944 11/1944 sunk 28/5/1945
DD744 Blue 8044 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 1/1943 28/11/1943 3/1944 stricken 2/1974
DD745 Brush 8045 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 6/1943 28/12/1943 4/1944 to Taiwan 12/1969 (襄陽 <Hsiang Yang>)
DD746 Taussig 8046 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 8/1943 25/1/1943 5/1944 to Taiwan 5/1974 (洛陽 <Lo Yang>)
DD747 Samuel N. Moore 8047 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 9/1943 23/2/1944 6/1944 to Taiwan 12/1969 (衡陽 <Heng Yang>)
DD748 Harry E. Hubbard 8048 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 10/1943 24/3/1944 7/1944 stricken 10/1969
DD749 Henry A. Wiley 8049 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 11/1943 21/4/1944 ---// 8/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM29
DD750 Shea 8050 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 12/1943 20/5/1944 ---// 9/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM30
DD751 J. William Ditter 8051 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 1/1944 4/7/1944 ---// 10/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM31
DD752 Alfred A. Cunningham 8052 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 2/1944 3/8/1944 11/1944 stricken 2/1974
DD753 John R. Pierce 8053 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 3/1944 1/9/1944 12/1944 stricken 2/7/1973
DD754 Frank E. Evans 8054 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 4/1944 3/10/1944 2/1945 collision 2/6/1969
DD755 John A. Bole 8055 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 5/1944 1/11/1944 3/1945 to Taiwan 5/1974 (spares)
DD756 Beatty 8056 Bethlehem, Staten I, Port Richmond 7/1944 30/11/1944 3/1945 to Venezuela 8/1972 (Carabobo)
DD757 Putnam 5412 Bethlehem, San Francisco 7/1943 26/3/1944 10/1944 stricken 8/1973
DD758 Strong 5413 Bethlehem, San Francisco 7/1943 23/4/1944 3/1945 to Brazil 10/1973 (Rio Grande de Norte)
DD759 Lofberg 5414 Bethlehem, San Francisco 11/1943 12/8/1944 4/1945 to Taiwan 5/1974 (spares)
DD760 John W. Thomason 5415 Bethlehem, San Francisco 11/1943 30/9/1944 10/1945 to Taiwan 5/1974 (南陽 <Nan Yang>)
DD761 Buck 5416 Bethlehem, San Francisco 2/1944 11/3/1945 6/1946 to Brazil 7/1973 (Alagoas)
DD762 Henley 5417 Bethlehem, San Francisco 2/1944 8/4/1945 10/1946 stricken 7/1973
DD770 Lowry 9019 Bethlehem, San Pedro 8/1943 6/2/1944 7/1944 to Brazil 10/1973 (Espírito Santo)
DD771 Lindsey 9020 Bethlehem, San Pedro 9/1943 5/3/1944 ---// 8/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM32
DD772 Gwin 9021 Bethlehem, San Pedro 10/1943 9/4/1944 ---// 9/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM33
DD773 Aaron Ward 9022 Bethlehem, San Pedro 12/1943 5/5/1944 ---// 10/1944 completed as fast minelayer DM34
DD774 Hugh W. Hadley 9023 Bethlehem, San Pedro 2/1944 16/7/1944 11/1944 damaged 11/5/1945, never repaired
DD775 Willard Keith 9024 Bethlehem, San Pedro 3/1944 29/8/1944 12/1944 to Columbia 7/1972 (Caldas)
DD776 James C. Owens 9025 Bethlehem, San Pedro 4/1944 1/10/1944 2/1945 to Brazil 7/1973 (Sergipe)
DD777 Zellars 32 Todd-Pacific, Seattle 12/1943 19/7/1944 10/1944 to Iran 3/1971 (Babr)
DD778 Massey 33 Todd-Pacific, Seattle 1/1944 19/8/1944 11/1944 stricken 9/1973
DD779 Douglas H. Fox 34 Todd-Pacific, Seattle 1/1944 30/9/1944 12/1944 to Chile 1/1974 (Ministro Portales)
DD780 Stormes 35 Todd-Pacific, Seattle 2/1944 4/11/1944 1/1945 to Iran 2/1972 (Palang)
DD781 Robert K. Huntington 36 Todd-Pacific, Seattle 2/1944 5/12/1944 3/1945 to Venezuela 10/1973 (Falcon)
DD857 Bristol 9026 Bethlehem, San Pedro 5/1944 29/10/1944 3/1945 to Taiwan 9/1969 (華陽 <Hua Yang>)

 

Displacement standard, t

2610

Displacement full, t

3218

Length, m

112.5 wl 114.8 oa

Breadth, m

12.5

Draught, m

4.32 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets General Electric geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

60000

Max speed, kts

36.5

Fuel, t

oil 379 - 504

Endurance, nm (kts) 3300 (20)

Armament

DD692 - 709, 722 - 734, 741 - 748, 752 - 759, 770, 774 - 781, 857: 3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 11 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD760: 3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 3 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

DD761, 762: 3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 38, 3 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

Sensors

presumably DD692 - 698, 722 - 730, 744 - 746: SC, SG, Mk 12/22 radars, QGA sonar

presumably DD699 - 709, 731 - 734, 741, 747, 748, 752 - 762, 770, 774 - 781, 857: SG, SR, Mk 12/22 radars, QGA sonar

Complement

336

   

Ship project history: At all advantages Fletcher class destroyers not in full met the requirements of US Navy. First of all the appreciable outline profile was exposed to criticism, that at that time was considered unallowable for destroyers (this claim was shown also to their predecessors, Benson class). Creation of the new design of "barely visible" destroyer was seriously considered, she would to be armed by automatic 127/54mm DP guns (still being in designing stage). As designing "from zero" demanded too much time, it have resorted to much more rational way: already existing design of the Fletcher was re-designed, having changed both bow 127mm guns by one twin, that allowed to decrease the size of a fwd superstructure. Alas, it has appeared, that thus there is no place for the majority of systems and the equipment. It has been recognised impossibility of reduction of an outline profile without cardinal alteration of the project, however the done work has not gone to waste. By this time necessity to redesign the Fletcher design was occurred for the placing of additional AA armament. It has appeared inconveniently on existing ships as because of threat of stability decreasing, and of the absence of a place on an upper deck and superstructures. The exit has been suggested by replacement of single 127mm mounts by twin in the "barely visible" destroyer design. After installation of three twin gun mounts instead of five single there was a possibility to deliver both TTs on a length (having lowered risk of their simultaneous defeat) and assign a place for additional AA automatic guns. For preservation of stability the hull had by 0.4m breadth. Approved by the Secretary of Navy in April, 1942, the design provided armament consisted of 3 twin 127mm/38 DP mounts, 2 twin 40mm/56 and 4 20mm/70 AA guns and 2 quintuple 533mm TTs. In August the order on 69 ships has followed (one more - DD857 - was laid down as Gearing class, but completed as Allen M. Sumner class).

In the summer of 1943 design changes were made, concerning in AA arms: in addition to twin 40mm/56 Boforses two quadruple were added, and number of 20mm Oerlikons has increased to 11. At trials overloaded ships could not come nearer to a designed speed of 36.5kts; at the displacement close to full, they hardly achieved 31kts and at a normal displacement they were hardly faster (33kts).

In the summer of 1944 the decision on completion of 12 destroyers of Allen Sumner class (DD735-740, 749-751 and 771-773, indexes were changed on DM23-34 respectively) as fast minelayers was accepted. Mine rails for 120 mines were fitted on quarter deck, for compensation of increased more than on 100t top weight removing of both TT , three Oerlikons aft and two to six DCT was provided. Despite the taken measures, a of ships at full mine stowage called anxiety and ships practically were not used on the direct assignment.

In 1945 destroyers of this class have significantly strengthened antiaircraft armament: aft TT was replaced by third quadruple Bofors and single Oerlikons by 10 twin.

Modernizations: summer 1945, all completed and survived: - 11 x 1 - 20/70, 1 x 5 - 533 TT; + 1 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

 

1/1946, all survived: 3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 38, 3 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 x 5 - 533 TT, 6 DCT, 2 DCR (56)

 

early 1960s, many ships were modernized by FRAM-II with data as follows:

Allen M. Sumner 1963

 

James C. Owens 1973

 

No Name Reconstructed Yard Fate
DD692 Allen M. Sumner 12/1961   stricken 8/1973
DD693 Moale 12/1961   stricken 7/1973
DD694 Ingraham 12/1961   to Greece 7/1971 (Μιαούλης <Miaoulis>)
DD697 Charles S. Sperry 6/1960   to Chile 1/1974 (Ministro Zenteno)
DD698 Ault 12/1962   stricken 7/1973
DD699 Waldron 12/1962   to Columbia 10/1973 (Santander)
DD703 Wallace L. Lind 7/1962   to South Korea 12/1973 (대구 <Daegu>)
DD704 Borie 6/1962   to Argentina 7/1972 (Bouchard)
DD709 Hugh Purvis 10/1960   to Turkey 2/1972 (Zafer)
DD723 Walke 10/1961   stricken 2/1974
DD724 Laffey 9/1962   stricken 3/1975, preserved
DD725 O`Brien 10/1961   stricken 2/1972
DD727 De Haven 8/1960   to South Korea 12/1973 (인천 <Incheon>)
DD728 Mansfield 9/1960   to Argentina 6/1974 (spares)
DD729 Lyman K. Swenson 1/1961   to Taiwan 5/1974 (spares)
DD730 Collett 8/1960   to Argentina 6/1974 (Piedra Buena)
DD744 Blue 1/1961   stricken 2/1974
DD746 Taussig 9/1962   to Taiwan 5/1974 (洛陽 <Lo Yang>)
DD752 Alfred A. Cunningham 9/1961   stricken 2/1974
DD754 Frank E. Evans 10/1961   collision 2/6/1969
DD755 John A. Bole 8/1962   to Taiwan 5/1974
DD757 Putnam 3/1963   stricken 8/1973
DD758 Strong 11/1962   to Brazil 10/1973 (Rio Grande de Norte)
DD759 Lofberg 7/1962   to Taiwan 5/1974 (spares)
DD760 John W. Thomason 1/1960   to Taiwan 5/1974 (南陽 <Nan Yang>)
DD761 Buck 7/1962   to Brazil 7/1973 (Alagoas)
DD770 Lowry 12/1960   to Brazil 10/1973 (Espírito Santo)
DD776 James C. Owens 10/1962   to Brazil 7/1973 (Sergipe)
DD777 Zellars 5/1960   to Iran 3/1971 (Babr)
DD778 Massey 7/1960   stricken 9/1973
DD779 Douglas H. Fox 10/1962   to Chile 1/1974 (Ministro Portales)
DD780 Stormes 1/1961   to Iran 2/1972 (Palang)
DD781 Robert K. Huntington 9/1960   to Venezuela 10/1973 (Falcon)

 

Displacement standard, t

2345

Displacement full, t

3210

Length, m

112.5 wl 114.8 oa

Breadth, m

12.5

Draught, m

4.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

General Electric geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

60000

Max speed, kts

33.4

Fuel, t

oil 497

Endurance, nm (kts) 3300 (20)

Armament

3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 38, 2 x 1 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 324 TT, 2 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 11 ASWRL, 1 DASH helicopter

Sensors

SPS-29, SPS-37 or SPS-40 radars, SQS-4 sonar with towed array, WLR-1, ULQ-6 ECM suites

Complement

302

Naval service: Meredith 8/6/1944 was damaged by a mine at Normandy coast and sunk next day during by He 177 bombers German aircraft raid. Cooper 3/12/1944 was sunk by a torpedo from Japanese destroyer Kuwa in Ormock Bay. Mannert L. Abele 12/4/1945 at Okinawa has received hits of two kamikazes (include one Ohka jet) and has sunk. Drexler 28/5/1945 was sunk by the kamikaze at Okinawa.

Following destroyers were badly damaged at Okinawa as a result of kamikaze actions: O'Brien (26/3/1945), Haynsworth (6/4/1945), Purdy (12/4/1945), Zellars (12/4/1945), Laffey (15/4/1945), Hugh W. Hadley (11/5/1945), Douglas H. Fox (17/5/1945), Stormes (25/5/1945); all have passed repair, except Hugh W. Hadley which repair was recognised as inexpedient.

Borie 2/4/1945 was badly damaged at collision, 9/8/1945 damaged by kamikaze, repaired already after war.

    Frank E. Evans 3/6/1969 was collided with Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne off Luzon and broken apart.

Strong 1945

Laffey 1969

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15