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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

AIRCRAFT CARRYING SHIPS

CASABLANCA escort aircraft carriers (1943-1944)

Nehenta Bay 1944

Thetis Bay 1963

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
ACV55, 7/1943- CVE55 Casablanca (ex-Alazon Bay, ex-Ameer) Kaiser, Vancouver 3/11/1942 5/4/1943 8/7/1943 stricken 7/1946
CVE56 Liscombe Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 9/12/1942 19/4/1943 7/8/1943 sunk 24/11/1943
CVE57, 6/1955 - CVHE57 Coral Sea (ex-Alikula Bay), 9/1944- Anzio Kaiser, Vancouver 12/12/1942 1/5/1943 27/8/1943 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, stricken 3/1959
CVE58, 5/1951- T-CVE58, 6/1955- T-CVHE58 Corregidor (ex-Anguilla Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 17/12/1942 12/5/1943 31/8/1943 aircraft transport 5/1951, helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, stricken 10/1958
CVE59, 6/1955- CVU59 Mission Bay (ex-Atheling) Kaiser, Vancouver 28/12/1942 26/5/1943 13/9/1943 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 9/1958
CVE60, 6/1955- CVU60 Guadalcanal (ex-Astrolabe Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 5/1/1943 5/6/1943 25/9/1943 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 5/1958
CVE61, 6/1955- CVU61 Manila Bay (ex-Bucareli Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 15/1/1943 10/7/1943 5/10/1943 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 5/1958
CVE62, 6/1955- CVU62 Natoma Bay (ex-Begum) Kaiser, Vancouver 17/1/1943 20/7/1943 14/10/1943 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 9/1958
CVE63 Midway (ex-Chapin Bay), 9/1944 - St. Lo Kaiser, Vancouver 23/1/1943 17/8/1943 23/10/1943 sunk 25/10/1944
CVE64, 1/1952- T-CVE64, 6/1955- T-CVU64 Didrickson Bay, 11/1943- Tripoli Kaiser, Vancouver 1/2/1943 2/9/1943 31/10/1943 aircraft transport 1/1952, utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 2/1959
CVE65 Wake Island (ex-Dolomi Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 6/2/1943 15/9/1943 7/11/1943 stricken 4/1946
CVE66, 6/1955- CVU66 White Plains (ex-Elbour Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 11/2/1943 27/9/1943 15/11/1943 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 7/1958
CVE67 Solomons (ex-Nassuk Bay, ex-Emperor) Kaiser, Vancouver 19/3/1943 6/10/1943 21/11/1943 stricken 6/1946
CVE68 Kalinin Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 26/4/1943 15/10/1943 27/11/1943 damaged 25/10/1944, recommissioned as aircraft tender, stricken 6/1946
CVE69, 6/1955- CVHE69 Kasaan Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 11/5/1943 24/10/1943 4/12/1943 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, stricken 3/1959
CVE70, 6/1955- CVHE70 Fanshaw Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 18/5/1943 1/11/1943 9/12/1943 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, stricken 3/1959
CVE71 Kitkun Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 31/5/1943 8/11/1943 15/12/1943 stricken 5/1946
CVE72 Tulagi (ex-Fortaleza Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 7/6/1943 15/11/1943 21/12/1943 stricken 5/1946
CVE73 Gambier Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 10/7/1943 22/11/1943 28/12/1943 sunk 25/10/1944
CVE74, 6/1955- CVU74, 5/1959- AKV24 Nehenta Bay (ex-Khedive) Kaiser, Vancouver 20/7/1943 28/11/1943 3/1/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 8/1959
CVE75, 6/1955- CVHE75, 5/1959- AKV25 Hoggatt Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 17/8/1943 4/12/1943 11/1/1944 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 9/1959
CVE76, 6/1955- CVU76, 5/1959- AKV26 Kadashan Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 2/9/1943 11/12/1943 18/1/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 8/1959
CVE77, 6/1955- CVHE77, 5/1959- AKV27 Marcus Island (ex-Kanalku Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 15/9/1943 16/12/1943 26/1/1944 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 9/1959
CVE78, 6/1955- CVHE78, 5/1959- AKV28 Savo Island (ex-Kaita Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 27/9/1943 22/12/1943 3/2/1944 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 9/1959
CVE79 Ommaney Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 6/10/1943 29/12/1943 11/2/1944 sunk 4/1/1945
CVE80, 6/1955- CVU80 Petrof Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 15/10/1943 5/1/1944 18/2/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 6/1958
CVE81, 6/1955- CVU81, 5/1959- AKV29 Rudyerd Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 24/10/1943 12/1/1944 25/2/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 8/1959
CVE82, 6/1955 - CVHE82 Saginaw Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 1/11/1943 19/1/1944 2/3/1944 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, stricken 8/1959
CVE83, 6/1955- CVU83 Sargent Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 8/11/1943 31/1/1944 9/3/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 6/1958
CVE84, 6/1955- CVU84 Shamrock Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 15/11/1943 4/2/1944 15/3/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 6/1958
CVE85, 6/1955 - CVU85 Shipley Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 22/11/1943 12/2/1944 21/3/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 3/1959
CVE86, 7/1950- T-CVE86, 6/1955- CVU86, 5/1959- AKV30 Sitkoh Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 23/11/1943 19/2/1944 28/3/1944 aircraft transport 7/1950, utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 4/1960
CVE87, 6/1955- CVHE87 Steamer Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 4/12/1943 26/2/1944 4/4/1944 helicopter escort carrier 6/1955, stricken 3/1959
CVE88, 8/1950- T-CVE88, 6/1955- T-CVU88 Cape Esperance (ex-Tananek Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 11/12/1943 3/3/1944 9/4/1944 aircraft transport 8/1950, utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 3/1959
CVE89, 6/1955- CVU89, 5/1959- AKV31 Takanis Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 16/12/1943 10/3/1944 15/4/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 8/1959
CVE90, 7/1955- CVHA1, 5/1959- LPH6 Thetis Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 22/12/1943 16/3/1944 21/4/1944 assault helicopter carrier 7/1956, stricken 3/1964
CVE91, 6/1955- CVU91 Makassar Strait (ex-Ulitaka Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 29/12/1943 22/3/1944 29/4/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 9/1958
CVE92, 10/1951- T-CVE92, 6/1955- T-CVU92 Windham Bay Kaiser, Vancouver 5/1/1944 29/3/1944 3/5/1944 aircraft transport 10/1951, utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 2/1959
CVE93 Makin Island (ex-Woodcliff Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 12/1/1944 5/4/1944 9/5/1944 stricken 7/1947
CVE94, 6/1955- CVU94, 5/1959- AKV32 Lunga Point (ex-Alazon Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 19/1/1944 11/4/1944 14/5/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 4/1960
CVE95 Bismarck Sea (ex-Alikula Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 31/1/1944 17/4/1944 20/5/1944 sunk 21/2/1945
CVE96 Salamaua (ex-Anguilla Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 4/2/1944 22/4/1944 26/5/1944 stricken 9/1946
CVE97, 6/1955- CVU97, 5/1959- AKV33 Hollandia (ex-Astrolabe Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 12/2/1944 28/4/1944 1/6/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 4/1960
CVE98, 6/1955- CVU98, 5/1959- AKV34 Kwajalein (ex-Bucareli Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 19/2/1944 4/5/1944 7/6/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 4/1960
CVE99 Admiralty  Islands  (ex-Chapin Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 26/2/1944 10/5/1944 13/6/1944 stricken 5/1946
CVE100, 6/1955- CVU100, 5/1959- AKV35 Bougainville (ex-Didrickson Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 3/3/1944 16/5/1944 18/6/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 4/1960
CVE101, 6/1955- CVU101, 5/1959- AKV36 Matanikau (ex-Dolomi Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 10/3/1944 22/5/1944 24/6/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, aviation transport 5/1959, stricken 4/1960
CVE102 Attu (ex-Elbour Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 16/3/1944 27/5/1944 30/6/1944 stricken 7/1946
CVE103 Roi (ex-Alava Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 22/3/1944 2/6/1944 6/7/1944 stricken 5/1946
CVE104, 6/1955- CVU104 Munda (ex-Tonowek Bay) Kaiser, Vancouver 29/3/1944 8/6/1944 8/7/1944 utility carrier 6/1955, stricken 9/1958
  

Displacement standard, t

8188

Displacement full, t

10902

Length, m

149.4 wl 156.1 oa

Breadth, m

19.9 wl 32.9 oa

Draught, m

6.32 full load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Skinner Uniflow VQuiE, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

9000

Max speed, kts

19

Fuel, t

oil 2228

Endurance, nm (kts) 10200 (15)

Armament

1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 12 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 27 aircraft (F4F Wildcat,  F4U Corsair, F6F Hellcat fighters, SBD Dauntless dive bombers,  TBF Avenger torpedo bombers, SOC Seagull, F4F-P Wildcat, F4U-P Corsair, F6F-P Hellcat reconnaissance planes)

Sensors

SG, SK radars

Complement

860

Aircraft facilities (fd - 3,526 m², ha - 1,334 m² / 7,069 m³): Flight deck: 144.5 x 24.4 m. Hangar: 78.0 x 17.1 x 5.3 m. There were 2 lifts in center line (fore, 6.3 t, 12.6 x 10.1 m and aft, 6.3 t, 12.7 x 11.5 m). There was 1 H 2 catapult. Aircraft fuel stowage: 378 500 l.  

Year fighters torpedo bombers
1943 - 1945 ASW carriers 9 F4F-8/FM-2 10 - 12 TBF-1/TBM-3
8/1944 Kasaan Bay 24 F6F-5, 7 F6F-3N ---
4/1945 Fanshaw Bay 24 F4F-8/FM-2 6 TBM-3
4/1945 Savo Island 20 F4F-8/FM-2 11 TBM-1C, 4 TBM-3

Ship project history: In the early summer of 1942 the owner of shipyard in Vancouver (WA) G. Kaiser has suggested the American government to manage at his shipyard mass bulding of escort carriers, commit to build to 100 such ships in a year. To that time Kaiser already developed mass building of merchant vessels, and now technology of continuous assemblage was planed to spread to warships. President Roosevelt has become interested in the project, and Kaiser received an offer on 50 aircraft carriers at once.

Casablanca in many respects reminded Bogue but had smaller displacement, two shafts and was faster. As a project basis the design of fast dry cargo carrier of S4-S2-3 type was used, but, unlike the predecessors, new carriers were built from zero, instead of altered from already ready hulls. Term of building of the first 10 ships has made 241-287 days, the last: 101-112. Machinery included two original five-cylindersteam engines "Uniflow", quite often called by turbines.

After the war Thetis Bay was converted to assault helicopter carrier and designated CVHA1 (later LPH1). Second conversion (Block Island would been LPH2 under FY57 program) was cancelled. Ship had very insufficient troop spaces with not suitable accommodations and so was not considered true LPH by the Marines.

Modernizations:  To 1945, all survived: + 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

1/1946, all survived: 1 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 8 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 20 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 27 aircraft, SG, SK radars

(6/1955 - 7/1956, San Francisco N Yd) Thetis Bay: was converted to assault helicopter carrier CVHA1 (reclassified to LPH6 28/5/1959). Full displacement was 10886 t, armament consisted of 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1. Ship can carry up to 20 helicopters and 1004 marines.

Naval service: Liscombe Bay at atoll Makin (0258'N, 17226'E) 24/11/1943 was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I175. As a result of explosion of steams of gasoline and amunition she was sunk in 23 minutes after attack. St. Lo 25/10/1944 during battle at Samar has received hit of kamikaze on A6M which a number of internal explosions has followed. Gambier Bay 25/10/1944 during battle at Samar was sunk by gunfire of Japanese cruisers Chikuma, Chokai, Haguro and Tone. Ommaney Bay 4/1/1945 S of Mindoro was badly damaged by hit of kamikaze, abandoned by crew and sunk by destroyer Barnes. Bismarck Sea 21/2/1945 near Iwo Jima was hit by two kamikaze, called many fires and explosions. In 2 hours later she was sunk. Corregidor 20/4/1945 was damaged by a storm and was under repair about two months, she was used for training of naval pilots later. Manila Bay 5/1/1945 was damaged by kamikaze and was under repair till March, 1945. Wake Island 3/4/1945 was damaged by hit of kamikaze and repaired till the end of war. White Plains 25/10/1944 during battle at Samar was damaged by kamikaze blown near the stern and a close underwater explosion of a shell from Japanese battleship, repair lasted till March, 1945. Kalinin Bay 25/10/1944 during battle at Samar has received 15 hits of 203mm shells from Japanese cruisers and two hits of the kamikaze, was badly damaged and never repaired. Fanshaw Bay 25/10/1944 in battle at Samar has received heavy damages from gunfire of Japanese cruisers (6 203mms shells hits), repair lasted till March, 1945. Kitkun Bay 8/1/1945 was damaged by hit of kamikaze and repaired till March, 1945. Hoggatt Bay 15/1/1945 was damaged by internal explosion, repaired till June, 1945. Kadashan Bay 8/1/1945 was damaged by hit of kamikaze, repaired some months and later used as TS. Windham Bay was badly damaged during a storm, repaired till the end of war. Salamaua 13/1/1945 was damaged by kamikaze hit, repair lasted till March, 1945; 5/6/1945 she was badly damaged during a storm and repaired till the end of war. Kwajalein has received damage through weathers 18/12/1944 and repaired some months.

Sargent Bay 1944

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15