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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

VESUVIUS dynamite cruiser (1890)

Vesuvius 1890

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
  Vesuvius   Cramp, Philadelphia 9/1887 28/4/1888 7/6/1890 experimental torpedo vessel 1898, sold 4/1922
  

Displacement normal, t

929

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

76.9

Breadth, m

8.06

Draught, m

2.74 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

VTE, 4 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

3200

Max speed, kts

20

Fuel, t

coal 152

Endurance, nm(kts)  
Armour, mm steel; CT: 25

Armament

3 - 381/44 Zalinsky pneumatic guns, 3 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I

Complement

70

Ship project history: Authorized under the Act of 3/8/1886 as a 'dynamite-gun cruiser'; a second such ship authorized under the Act of 2/3/1889 was never built. The 381mm Zalinsky pneumatic gun was 16.8m long and the full calibre shell weighed 445kg with a 227kg dynamite warhead. The range was 1500-1600m, but three times this could be reached with sub-calibre shells. In Vesuvius the guns were fixed at 18 elevation and trained by moving ship. A total of 30 shells was carried.

Ship protection: CT was protected by 25mm plating.

Modernizations: 1898: - 3 - 381/44; + TTs

Naval service: She bombarded Santiago in 1898 but accuracy was very poor, and the pneumatic guns were later removed, and Vesuvius used as an experimental torpedo vessel.

Vesuvius

Ivan Gogin, 2014