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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

NORTHAMPTON heavy cruisers (1930-1931)

Louisville 1940

Houston 1941

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
CL26, 7/1931- CA26 Northampton Bethlehem, Quincy 12/4/1928 5/9/1929 5/1930 sunk 1/12/1942
CL27, 7/1931- CA27 Chester New York SB, Camden 6/3/1928 3/7/1929 6/1930 stricken 3/1959
CL28, 7/1931- CA28 Louisville Puget Sound N Yd, Bremerton 4/7/1928 1/9/1930 3/1931 stricken 3/1959
CL29, 7/1931- CA29 Chicago Mare Island N Yd, Vallejo 10/9/1928 10/4/1930 3/1931 sunk 30/1/1943
CL30, 7/1931- CA30 Houston Newport News 1/5/1928 7/9/1929 6/1930 sunk 1/3/1942
CL31, 7/1931- CA31 Augusta Newport News 2/7/1928 1/2/1930 1/1931 stricken 3/1959
  

Displacement standard, t

9006

Displacement full, t

11420

Length, m

177.4 wl 183.0 oa

Breadth, m

20.1

Draught, m

5.92 full load

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 White-Forster boilers

Power, h. p.

107000

Max speed, kts

32.5

Fuel, t

oil 1417 - 2108

Endurance, nm (kts) 10000 (15)

Armour, mm

belt: 95 - 76, deck: 51 - 25, barbettes: 38, turrets: 64 - 19, CT: 32

Armament

3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 9/10/11/13/14, 4 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 10/11/13, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (OL, O2U, O3U)

Complement

CA26 - 28: 617

CA29 - 31: 734 - 748, inc flag

Ship project history: At discussion on the General Board (February, 1926) about specification of cruisers planed to build it was offered to redesign the project of Pensacola class, improving damage tolerance at the expense of sectioning of machinery on larger number of compartments, and raising seaworthiness using a forecastle. It was besides, recommended to improve conditions of seaplanes storage, fitting a hangar. For displacement preservation at former level it was considered to possible to decrease the number of main guns to eight-nine, as well as on the majority of Washington cruisers of other navies.

In April two basic designs have been presented on Board considering: the first with four twin turrets, second with three triple. Last variant has been chosen as the armament weight in triple turrets has appeared less, than in twin. Besides, four-turret arrangement, in comparison with three-turret, differed excessive cramped. In final variant armament consisted from 3 3 203/55mm main guns, 4 1 127/25mm AA guns and 2 3 533mm TTs.

Protection of new project differed from Pensacola class a little. At the designing an immune zone was not defined, however the calculations conducted in 1933 have shown, that protection against fire of 130mm guns on a distance from more than 40 cables was provided, the immune zone against 152mm shells laid in a band 50-105 cables, but only for magazines as the belt abreast machinery was not penetrated on distance from above 65 cables when the deck already became nontight for 152mm shell. Under fire of 203mm guns immune zone was absent.

During designing it was offered to strengthen armour, having ensured protection at least of magazines against 203mm shells, but works were limited only by splinterproof protection of ammunition elevators.

All 6 ships were built under FY1929 program. 29, 30 and 31 were arranged as flag ships and visually differed from remaining by prolonged to the basis of catapults forecastle that has ensured fitting of additional accommodations.

Ship protection: Main belt extended to 1.5m below and 3m over waterline. Middle part of belt abreast machinery was 76mm thick and end parts abreast magazines were 95mm. Belt was closed by 64mm bulkheads and middle and end parts were separated by 25mm bulkheads. Armoured deck over main belt was 51mm thick over magazines and 25mm over machinery. Barbettes were 38mm thick. Turrets had 64mm faces, 25mm sides, 19mm rears and 51mm crowns.

Modernizations: 1931, all: - 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1933, all: + 8 x 1 - 12.7/90

1938 - 1939, all: + 4 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 10/11/13

1940, Northampton, Chester, Chicago: + CXAM radar

mid-1941, Northampton: + 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20

mid-1941, Chester, Louisville, Chicago, Augusta: + 4 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1

mid-1941, Houston: + 3 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20, 1 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1

late 1941, Northampton: - 4 x 1 - 76/50; + 4 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1

late 1941, Houston: - 3 x 1 - 76/50; + 3 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1

early 1942, Augusta: + CXAM-1 radar

1942, Northampton, Louisville, Chicago, Augusta: - 8 x 1 - 12.7/90; + 14 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

1942, Chester: - 2 x 4 - 28/75, 8 x 1 - 12.7/90; + 13 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

late 1942, Augusta: - CXAM-1 radar; + SG, SK radars

early 1943, Chester: - 2 x 4 - 28/75, 1 x 1 - 20/70, CXAM radar; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, SG, SK, SP radars

early 1943, Louisville: - 4 x 4 - 28/75, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, SG, SK, SP radars

early 1943, Augusta: - 4 x 4 - 28/75, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, SP radar

1944 - 1945, Chester: - 12 x 1 - 20/70, 1 catapult; + 1 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 13 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4

1944 - 1945, Louisville, Augusta: - 1 catapult; + 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4; full displacement was more than 14000t

1/1946, Chester: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 14, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 19, 5 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/560 Mk 1, 13 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SG, SK, SP, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

1/1946, Louisville, Augusta: 3 x 3 - 203/55 Mk 14, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 19, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 20 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SG, SK, SP, Mk 3, Mk 4 radars

Naval service: Houston 4/2/1942 was damaged by Japanese aircraft (the bomb has put out of action turret No3); 27/2/1942 in battle in Java Sea she was damaged by gunfire of Japanese cruisers and 1/3/1942 was sunk by gunfire and torpedoes of Japanese cruisers Mogami and Mikuma in Sunda Strait. Northampton in battle at Tassafaronga 30/11/1942 shortly before midnight has received 2 torpedo hits from Japanese destroyer Oyashio. In 3 hours she was abandoned by a crew and sunk. Chicago 9/8/1942 in battle at Sawo island was damaged by Japanese torpedo and repaired till the end of a year; 29/1/1943 she was damaged by two Japanese air torpedoes at Rendel island and lost speed; she was taken on tow, but next day received 4 more air torpedoes hits from G4M bombers and quickly sunk.

Chester 1/2/1942 was damaged by Japanese aircraft (1 bomb hit) and repaired till May, 1942; 20/10/1942 she was damaged by a torpedo from Japanese submarine I176 and repaired till June, 1943; 19/2/1945 she was again damaged at collision with an auxiliary vessel Estes; repair lasted till May, 1945.

Louisville 5/1/1945 and 8/1/1945 was damaged by hits of two kamikazes; repair lasted till April, 1945; 5/6/1945 she was again damaged the kamikaze and repaired 2 months.

Chicago 1942

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15