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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

LONG BEACH nuclear powered missile cruiser (1961)

Ling Beach 1961

Long Beach 1963

Long Beach 1970

Long Beach 1991

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
CGN9 Long Beach Bethlehem, Quincy 2/12/1957 14/7/1959 9/9/1961 stricken 5/1995
  

Displacement standard, t

14200

Displacement full, t

16602

Length, m

210.4 wl 219.9 oa

Breadth, m

22.3

Draught, m

7.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

General Electric geared steam turbines, 2 C1W reactors

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kts

30

Fuel, t

nuclear

Endurance, nm (kts)

practically unlimited

Armament

1 x 2 Talos SAM launcher (52 RIM-8), 2 x 2 Terrier SAM launchers (120 RIM-2), 1 x 8 ASROC ASW rocket launcher (20 RUR-5A), 2 x 3 - 324 Mk 32 TT, helicopter deck

Sensors

SPS-32, SPS-33, SPS-10C, 2x SPG-49/SPW-2, 4x SPG-55C radars, SQS-23 sonar, Mk 28 decoy launchers, NTDS CCS

Complement

1107

Ship project history: Intended at first as a nuclear frigate, this ship grew in the design stage to large cruiser size; indeed, she was the only cruiser (of traditional size) built as such by the US Navy after the war. She shared with Enterprise the futuristic fixed-array SPS-32/33 radar system, and has an SQS-23 long-range sonar in her bow, with the associated ASROC launcher amidships, as well as a pair of single 127mm/38 guns, which were not part of the original design. She combined a pair of Terrier launchers forward (one with forty, one with eighty missiles) with Talos aft (fifty two missiles, as in the Albany), and had a two-reactor power plant. Although Long Beach was a substantial ship at over 14000t, she stands in contrast to much larger nuclear cruisers proposed in the mid-1950s with four-shaft plants more closely approaching traditional cruiser power. Polaris or Regulus II was included in the original design, but neither was installed. The C1W reactors installed are reportedly very similar to the A2Ws of the Enterprise, presumably somewhat uprated, as total Enterprise power is reported as 280000shp.

    The SPS-32/33 radar system was combined with one of the earliest NTDS installations. In 1968 a conventional SPS-12 air search radar was added, partly because of maintenance difficulties with the fixed radars, and partly because the fixed sets did not have any integral IFF. A 1970 modernization provided integral IFF and digital Talos fire control. A proposal for Aegis conversion was rejected in 1977, reportedly out of concern that it would have jeopardised the Strike cruiser programme itself.

Modernizations: 1963: + 2 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30

1968: + SPS-12 radar

1978: - 1 x 2 Talos SAM, 2x SPG-49/SPW-2 radars; + 2 x 4 Harpoon SSM launchers (8 RGM-84)

3/1983: - 2 x 2 Terrier SAM, SPS-32, SPS-33, SPS-10 radars, SQS-23 sonar, Mk 28 decoy launchers; + 2 x 4 Tomahawk CruM launchers (8 BGM-109), 2 x 2 Standard SM-2ER SAM launchers (120 RIM-67), 2 x 6 - 20/76 Mk 15 Phalanx CIWS, SPS-48C, SPS-49, SPS-67, 2x Mk 90 radars, SQQ-23B sonar, SLQ-32, SLQ-34 ECM suites, 4 Mk 36 SRBOC decoy launchers

Naval service: No significant events.

 

Long Beach 1980

Ivan Gogin, 2015