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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

ENTERPRISE wooden screw sloops (1876-1879)

Enterprise 1877

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
  Adams   Boston N Yd 2/1874 24/10/1874 21/7/1876 civilian TS 8/1908
  Alliance (ex-Huron)   Norfolk N Yd 1873 8/3/1875 18/1/1877 sailing TS 4/1901
  Enterprise   J W Griffiths, Portsmouth 1874 13/6/1874 16/3/1877 civilian TS 10/1892
  Nipsic   Washington N Yd 1874 1878 11/10/1879 receiving ship 1892
1920- IX10 Essex   D McKay, Boston 1874 1875 3/10/1876 TS 1893, Naval Militia TS 1904, TS 1917, Naval Militia TS 8/1927
  

Displacement normal, t

1375

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

56.4 pp

Breadth, m

10.7

Draught, m

4.35 mean

No of shafts

1

Machinery

1 HCRCR, 8 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

700 - 800

Max speed, kts

10 - 11

Fuel, t

coal 130 - 150

Endurance, nm(kts)  

Armament

1 x 1 - 279/15 Dahlgren SB, 4 x 1 - 229/15 Dahlgren SB, 1 x 1 - 135/21 60pdr Parrott RML

Complement

178 - 193

Ship project history: Barque-rigged steamers, whose long life is somewhat deceptive.

Modernizations: 1887, Alliance, Enterprise, Nipsic, Essex: were armed with 4 x 1 - 229/15 Dahlgren SB, 1 x 1 - 203/18 Dahlgren (converted) RML, 1 x 1 - 135/21 60pdr Parrott RML, 2 - 4 small guns

1887, Adams: was armed with 4 x 1 - 229/15 Dahlgren SB, 1 x 1 - 203/18 150pdr Parrott RML, 1 x 1 - 135/21 60pdr Parrott RML, 2 - 4 small guns

Naval service: Adams was a training and station ship from 1907, Alliance had her engines removed as a store ship in 1904, Enterprise was a training ship from 1892, and Essex also for most of her career from 1893. Nipsic was thrown on the beach in the Calliope typhoon in Apia Harbour 16/3/1889 and was repaired, but from 1892 she was receiving and prison ship at Puget Sound.  Mohican was a training ship 1898-1904, then station ship at Olongapo and from 1910 to 1921 receiving ship at Cavite, serving also as a stationary submarine tender to the end of 1915.

Ivan Gogin, 2014