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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
CRUISERS
CLEVELAND light cruisers (1942 - 1946)


Photo



Dayton 1948

Ships


No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate Modification
CL55 Cleveland 423 New York SB, Camden 1.7.1940 1.11.1941 15.6.1942 stricken 3.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL56 Columbia 424 New York SB, Camden 19.8.1940 17.12.1941 29.6.1942 stricken 11.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL57 Montpelier 425 New York SB, Camden 2.12.1940 12.2.1942 9.9.1942 stricken 3.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL58 Denver 426 New York SB, Camden 26.12.1940 4.4.1942 15.10.1942 sold 2.1960 Cleveland subclass
CL59 Amsterdam 427 New York SB, Camden 1.5.1941 22.8.1942 --- completed as CVL22 Independence Cleveland subclass
CL60 Santa Fe 428 New York SB, Camden 7.6.1941 10.6.1942 24.11.1942 stricken 3.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL61 Tallahassee 429 New York SB, Camden 2.6.1941 18.10.1942 --- completed as CVL23 Princeton Cleveland subclass
CL62 Birmingham 390 Newport News 17.2.1941 20.3.1942 29.1.1943 stricken 3.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL63 Mobile 391 Newport News 14.4.1941 15.5.1942 24.3.1943 stricken 3.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL64 Vincennes (ex-Flint) 1498 Bethlehem, Quincy 7.3.1942 17.7.1943 21.1.1944 stricken 4.1966 Cleveland subclass
CL65 Pasadena 1499 Bethlehem, Quincy 6.2.1943 28.12.1943 8.6.1944 stricken 12.1970 Cleveland subclass
CL66, 5.1957- CLG7, 7.1975- CG7 Springfield 1500 Bethlehem, Quincy 13.2.1943 9.3.1944 9.9.1944 missile cruiser 5.1957, stricken 9.1978 Cleveland subclass
CL67, 5.1957- CLG8 Topeka 1501 Bethlehem, Quincy 21.4.1943 19.8.1944 23.12.1944 missile cruiser 5.1957, stricken 9.1973 Cleveland subclass
CL76 New Haven 431 New York SB, Camden 11.8.1942 6.11.1942 --- completed as CVL24 Belleau Wood Cleveland subclass
CL77 Huntington 432 New York SB, Camden 17.12.1941 17.1.1943 --- completed as CVL25 Cowpens Cleveland subclass
CL78 Dayton 433 New York SB, Camden 29.12.1941 28.2.1943 --- completed as CVL26 Monterey Cleveland subclass
CL79 Wilmington 434 New York SB, Camden 13.3.1942 4.4.1943 --- completed as CVL28 Cabot Cleveland subclass
CL80 Biloxi 399 Newport News 9.7.1941 23.2.1943 21.8.1943 stricken 9.1961 Cleveland subclass
CL81 Houston (ex-Vicksburg) 400 Newport News 4.8.1941 19.6.1943 20.12.1943 stricken 3.1959 Cleveland subclass
CL82, 5.1957- CLG6, 7.1975- CG6 Providence 1502 Bethlehem, Quincy 27.7.1943 28.12.1944 15.5.1945 missile cruiser 5.1957, stricken 7.1978 Cleveland subclass
CL83 Manchester 1503 Bethlehem, Quincy 25.9.1944 5.3.1946 29.10.1946 stricken 4.1960 Cleveland subclass
CL84 Buffalo   Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 16.12.1940 Cleveland subclass
CL85 Fargo 443 New York SB, Camden 11.4.1942 22.5.1943 --- completed as CVL27 Langley Cleveland subclass
CL86 Vicksburg (ex-Cheyenne) 411 Newport News 26.10.1942 14.12.1943 12.6.1944 stricken 10.1962 Cleveland subclass
CL87 Duluth 412 Newport News 9.11.1942 13.1.1944 18.9.1944 stricken 11.1960 Cleveland subclass
CL88 Newark   Federal, Kearny --- --- --- cancelled 16.12.1940 Cleveland subclass
CL89 Miami 532 Cramp, Philadelphia 2.8.1941 12.8.1942 28.12.1943 stricken 9.1961 Cleveland subclass
CL90 Astoria (ex-Wilkes-Barre) 533 Cramp, Philadelphia 6.9.1941 6.3.1943 17.5.1944 stricken 11.1969 Cleveland subclass
CL91, 5.1957- CLG5, 7.1975- CG5 Oklahoma City 534 Cramp, Philadelphia 8.3.1942 20.2.1944 22.12.1944 missile cruiser 5.1957, stricken 12.1979 Cleveland subclass
CL92, 5.1957- CLG4, 7.1975- CG4 Little Rock 535 Cramp, Philadelphia 6.3.1943 27.8.1944 17.6.1945 missile cruiser 5.1957, stricken 11.1976 Cleveland subclass
CLG3 (ex-CLG93, ex-CL93) Galveston 536 Cramp, Philadelphia 20.2.1944 22.4.1945 28.5.1958 completed as missile cruiser, stricken 12.1973 Cleveland subclass
CL94 Youngstown 537 Cramp, Philadelphia 4.9.1944 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Cleveland subclass
CL99 Buffalo 441 New York SB, Camden 31.8.1942 1.8.1943 --- completed as CVL29 Bataan Cleveland subclass
CL100 Newark 442 New York SB, Camden 26.10.1942 26.9.1943 --- completed as CVL30 San Jacinto Cleveland subclass
CL101 Amsterdam 408 Newport News 3.3.1943 25.4.1944 8.1.1945 stricken 1.1971 Cleveland subclass
CL102 Portsmouth 409 Newport News 28.6.1943 20.9.1944 25.6.1945 stricken 12.1970 Cleveland subclass
CL103 Wilkes-Barre 446 New York SB, Camden 14.12.1942 24.12.1943 1.7.1944 stricken 1.1971 Cleveland subclass
CL104 Atlanta 447 New York SB, Camden 25.1.1943 6.2.1944 3.12.1944 stricken 10.1962 Cleveland subclass
CL105 Dayton 448 New York SB, Camden 8.3.1943 19.3.1944 7.1.1945 stricken 9.1961 Cleveland subclass
CL106 Fargo 454 New York SB, Camden 23.8.1943 25.3.1945 9.12.1945 stricken 3.1970 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL107 Huntington 455 New York SB, Camden 4.10.1943 8.4.1945 23.2.1946 stricken 9.1961 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL108 Newark 456 New York SB, Camden 17.1.1944 14.12.1945 --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL109 New Haven 457 New York SB, Camden 28.2.1944 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL110 Buffalo 458 New York SB, Camden 3.4.1944 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL111 Wilmington 459 Cramp, Philadelphia 5.3.1945 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL112 Vallejo 460 New York SB, Camden --- --- --- cancelled 5.10.1944 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL113 Helena 461 New York SB, Camden --- --- --- cancelled 5.10.1944 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL114 Roanoke 462 New York SB, Camden --- --- --- cancelled 5.10.1944 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL115 --- 463 New York SB, Camden --- --- --- cancelled 5.10.1944 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL116 Tallahassee 443 Newport News 31.1.1944 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL117 Cheyenne 444 Newport News 29.5.1944 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass
CL118 Chattanooga 445 Newport News 9.10.1944 --- --- cancelled 12.8.1945 Fargo (Cleveland 1942) subclass


Technical data


Data variantas completed, except CLG3 Galveston class CLG
Displacement standard, t

CL55 - 67, 76 - 94, 99 - 105: 11130 - 11734

CL106 - 118: 11890

11066

Displacement full, t

CL55 - 67, 76 - 94, 99 - 105: 13897 - 14144

CL106 - 118: 14464

15152

Length, m

182.9 wl 186.0 oa

182.9 wl 186.0 oa

Breadth, m

20.2

20.2

Draught, m

7.47 full load

7.80

No of shafts

4

4

Machinery

4 sets General Electric geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

4 sets General Electric geared steam turbines, 4 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

100000

100000

Max speed, kts

32.5

32

Fuel, t

oil 1507 - 2100

oil 2661

Endurance, nm(kts)

11000 (15)

8000 (15)
Armour, mm

CL55 - 63: belt: 127 - 89, bulkheads: 127 - 51, deck: 51, barbettes: 152, turrets: 165 - 32, secondary guns: 32 - 25, CT: 127 sides, 57 roof

CL64 - 67, 76 - 94, 99 - 118: belt: 127 - 89, bulkheads: 127 - 51, deck: 51, barbettes: 152, turrets: 165 - 32, secondary guns: 32 - 25

belt: 127 - 89, bulkheads: 127 - 51, deck: 51, barbettes: 152, turrets: 165 - 32, secondary guns: 32 - 25

Armament

CL55, 56: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 13 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U)

CL57, 58: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 17 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U, SO3C)

CL60, 64 - 66, 80, 81: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 21 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U, SO3C)

CL62, 63: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 6 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 21 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U, SO3C)

CL67, 82, 86, 87, 89 - 92, 101 - 105: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 6 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U, SO3C, SC)

CL83: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U, SO3C, SC)

CL93 (as planned): 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 6 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes (SOC, OS2U, SO3C, SC)

CL106: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 6 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2, 14 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes (OS2U, SC)

CL107: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 6 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 14 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes (OS2U, SC)

CLG3: 1 x 2 Talos SAM launcher (46 RIM-8), 2 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32

CLG4, 5: 1 x 2 Talos SAM launcher (46 RIM-8), 1 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 1 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, helicopter deck

CLG6: 1 x 2 Terrier SAM launcher (120 RIM-2), 2 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 3 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32

CLG7, 8: 1 x 2 Terrier SAM launcher (120 RIM-2), 1 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 1 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, helicopter deck

Electronic equipment

presumably CL55 - 58, 60: SC, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

presumably CL62 - 64, 80, 81, 89: SG, SK, Mk 13, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

presumably CL65 - 67, 82, 83, 86, 87, 90 - 93, 101 - 107: SG, SK-2, Mk 13, 2x Mk 25 radars

CLG3, 5: SPS-8B, SPS-29, SPS-39, 2 x SPG-49/SPW-2, Mk 13, Mk 25 radars, WLR-1, ULQ-6 ECM suites

CLG4: SPS-17, SPS-39, SPS-2, 2 x SPG-49/SPW-2, Mk 13, Mk 25 radars, WLR-1, ULQ-6 ECM suites

CLG6 - 8: SPS-8B, SPS-10, SPS-29, SPS-39, 2 x SPQ-5, Mk 13, Mk 25 radars, WLR-1, ULQ-6 ECM suites

Complement

1285

1382



Standard scale images


<i>Little Rock </i>1963
Little Rock 1963
<i>Providence </i>1963
Providence 1963
<i>Topeka </i>1963
Topeka 1963
<i>Galveston </i>1963
Galveston 1963
<i>Vincennes </i>1963
Vincennes 1963
<i>Fargo </i>1963
Fargo 1963
<i>Cleveland</i> 1943
Cleveland 1943
<i>Fargo</i> 1945
Fargo 1945
<i>Little Rock</i> 1960  
Little Rock 1960  
<i>Galveston</i> 1959
Galveston 1959


Graphics


<i>Dayton</i> 1948
Dayton 1948
<i>Providence</i> 1966
Providence 1966


Project history

The most numerous class of cruisers in the history: 29 ships from 52 ordered entered service as cruisers, 9 more were completed as light aircraft carriers.

History of these ships begun in 1938 when the decision to build two 8000t light cruisers within the limits of FY1940 programme (according to a limit established by 1936 London conference) was accepted. In May, 1939 the design of new ship (8000t, 173m, 5 х 2 152/47mm guns, 5 х 4 28mm MGs, 1 catapult and 2 х 3 TT), superficially resembling moderated Brooklyn was ready. The lack of this variant was very cramped arrangement which is not supposing any alterations, arisen at discussion by General Board. It was offered to create the new design, but in September war in Europe has begun, contractual limitations have disappeared and, not to lose time, it has been solved to use design of cruiser Helena, having strengthen her heavy antiaircraft armament. The hull of a new cruiser had bigger breadth in comparison with a prototype to indemnify the increased top weight and to store comprehensible stability. With the same purpose usage of aluminium alloys was provided at superstructures construction. As it is paradoxical, last circumstance finally has had an adverse effect: in conditions of wartime shortage of aluminium has compelled to change it in ship constructions to a steel (from CL66), that only has worsened a situation with a stability. The main calibre of new cruisers consisted from 12 152mm Mk 16 guns in four triple turrets. The antiaircraft armament was very powerful: 12 127/38mm DP guns in six twin mounts. The successful arrangement (on diamond-shaped scheme) ensured wide fire arcs, allowing to mass fire not less than of six guns in any direction. Light AA armament originally was limited by 12.7mm MGs, there was a question on installation of 28mm MGs on the ships. Small stability demanded to accompany this operation by ballast stowage. Even before commission of the first cruiser unreliable 28mm MG were replaced by twin 40mm Boforses. Protection as a whole was same as on Helena, with better protected aft magazines. The immune zone under 152mm guns fire at a relative 90 ° bearing laid between 47-108 cables. Structure and arrangement scheme of machinery were not differed from accepted on Helena, but length of engine rooms had been increased to be saved of narrowness.

First 2 ships, CL55 and 56, have been ordered 23.3.1940. Before entering of the USA into the Second World War orders for 28 ships (CL59-CL67 and CL76-CL94) were placed. After 7.12.1941 new orders have followed, and till 1942 orders for additional 20 ships (CL99-CL118) were placed.

Since CL64 cruisers were commissioned with new open bridge and without armoured CT. Since 1942 works on improved design (in which at the expense of lower arrangement of 127mm guns and 40mm MGs stability was raised) were conducted. Simultaneously it was supposed to shrink number of funnels to one, that would ensure to AA MGs better fire arcs. In August, 1942 it has been decided to build CL106-118 under changed project, but because of reduction of shipbuilding in the end of war only 2 ships were completed under new design.

In the beginning of 1942 for acceleration of replenishing of fleet fast aircraft carriers it has been solved to rebuild 9 ships , ordered to New York SB, as light aircraft carriers of Independence class. The order for CL84 and CL88 has been cancelled 16.12.1940 to give the chance to Federal, Kearny to be concentrate on destroyers. In 1944-1945 orders for ships at early building stages or yet not laid down, have been cancelled: CL112-115 5.10.1944; CL94, 109-111 and 116-118 12.8.1945.

Ship protection

Main belt abreast machinery was 4.1m high. It was 127mm thick (83mm at lower edge) on 16mm STS plating. There were narrow belts abreast magazines. Fore belt was 51mm thick but aft inner belt had 120mm thickness. Magazines were protected by 93mm bulkheads fore and aft, machinery and magazines were separated by 127-51mm bulkheads. Armoured deck over main belt was 51mm. Barbettes were 152mm thick. Turrets had 152mm faces, 76mm sides, 32mm rears and 76mm crowns.

CLG modernization: Main belt abreast machinery was 4.2m high. It was 127mm thick (83mm at lower edge) on 16mm STS plating. There were narrow belts abreast magazines. Fore belt was 51mm thick but aft inner belt had 120mm thickness. Magazines were protected by 93mm bulkheads fore and aft, machinery and magazines were separated by 127-51mm bulkheads. Armoured deck over main belt was 51mm. Barbettes were 152mm thick. Turrets had 165-mm faces, 32-mm sides, 32-mm rears and 51-mm crowns.

Modernizations 11.

11.1942, Cleveland, Columbia: + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1.2

1945, all completed: - 1 catapult

1/1946, Cleveland, Columbia: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 13 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SC, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

1/1946, Montpelier, Denver: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 4 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 17 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SC, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

1/1946, Santa Fe: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 4x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 21 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SC, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

1/1946, Birmingham, Mobile: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 21 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SG, SK, Mk 13, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

1/1946, Vincennes, Biloxi, Houston: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 4x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 21 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SG, SK-2, Mk 13, 2x Mk 25 radars

1/1946, Pasadena, Springfield: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 4x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 21 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SC, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

1/1946, Topeka, Providence, Vicksburg, Duluth, Astoria, Oklahoma City, Little Rock, Amsterdam, Portsmouth, Wilkes-Barre, Atlanta, Dayton: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SG, SK-2, Mk 13, 2x Mk 25 radars

1/1946, Miami: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 1 catapult, 4 seaplanes, SG, SK, Mk 13, 2x Mk 12.22 radars

1/1946, Fargo: 4 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 6 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 6 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 2 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 14 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 1 catapult, 2 seaplanes, SG, SK-2, Mk 13, 2x Mk 25 radars

1955, Cleveland, Columbia: - 13 x 1 - 20/70

1955, Montpelier, Denver: - 17 x 1 - 20/70

1955, Santa Fe, Birmingham, Mobile, Vincennes, Pasadena, Springfield, Biloxi, Houston: - 21 x 1 - 20/70

1955, Topeka, Providence, Manchester, Vicksburg, Duluth, Miami, Astoria, Oklahoma City, Little Rock, Galveston, Amsterdam, Portsmouth, Wilkes-Barre, Atlanta, Dayton: - 10 x 1 - 20/70

1955, Fargo, Huntington: - 14 x 2 - 20/70

5/1958, Galveston (as commissioned); 9.1959, Providence; 3.1960, Topeka; 6.1960, Little Rock; 7.1960, Springfield; 9.1960, Oklahoma City: were modernized as missile cruisers with data as given in the table.

+ helicopter deck for DASH drone helicopter, SQS-23 sonar

Naval service

Columbia 6th and 9th January 1945 was badly damaged by kamikazes, repair lasted till May, 1945. Denver 13.11.1943 was damaged by Japanese air torpedo and was under repair till June, 1944. Birmingham 8.11.1943 was badly damaged by Japanese aircraft (bombs and a torpedo) and was under repair till February, 1944; 24.10.1944 she was damaged by explosion on aircraft carrier Princeton, was under repair till January, 1945; 3.5.1945 she was damaged by kamikaze and returned to service in August, 1945. Biloxi 26.3.1945 was damaged by kamikaze and was under repair was till July, 1945. Houston 14.10.1944 was badly damaged by Japanese air torpedo, damaged again by an air torpedo being under tow 16.10.1944 and returned to service in October, 1945. Duluth received heavy damages, having got into a typhoon 5.6.1945 and returned to service in August, 1945.