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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CRUISERS

BROOKLYN light cruisers (1938-1939)

Brooklyn 1941

St. Louis 1942

No Name Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
CL40 Brooklyn New York N Yd, Brooklyn 12/3/1935 30/11/1936 18/7/1938 to Chile 1/1951 (O'Higgins)
CL41 Philadelphia Philadelphia N Yd 28/5/1935 17/11/1936 28/7/1938 to Brazil 1/1951 (Barroso)
CL42 Savannah New York SB, Camden 31/5/1934 8/5/1937 30/8/1938 stricken 3/1959
CL43 Nashville New York SB, Camden 24/1/1935 2/10/1937 25/11/1938 to Chile 1/1951 (Prat)
CL46 Phoenix New York SB, Camden 15/4/1935 12/3/1938 18/3/1939 to Argentina 1/1951 (17 de Octobre)
CL47 Boise Newport News 1/4/1935 3/12/1936 1/2/1939 to Argentina 1/1951 (9 de Julio)
CL48 Honolulu New York N Yd, Brooklyn 10/9/1935 26/8/1937 7/9/1938 stricken 3/1959
CL49 St. Louis Newport News 10/12/1936 15/4/1938 12/1939 to Brazil 1/1951 (Tamandare)
CL50 Helena New York N Yd, Brooklyn 9/12/1936 28/8/1938 14/12/1939 sunk 6/7/1943
  

Displacement standard, t

CL40 - 43, 46 - 48: 9475 - 9800

CL49, 50: 10560

Displacement full, t

CL40 - 43, 46 - 48: 12243 - 12700

CL49, 50: 13327

Length, m

182.9 wl 185.4 oa

Breadth, m

18.8

Draught, m

CL40 - 43, 46 - 48: 6.54 - 6.94 full load

CL49, 50: 6.96 - 7.37 full load

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Westinghouse geared steam turbines, 8 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

100000

Max speed, kts

32.5

Fuel, t

oil 1321 - 1982

Endurance, nm (kts)

10000 (15)

Armour, mm

CL40 - 43, 46 - 48: belt: 127 - 83, magazines belts: 51 (fore) - 120 (aft), bulkheads: 127 - 51, deck: 51, barbettes: 152, turrets: 165 - 32, CT: 127 sides, 57 roof

CL49, 50: belt: 127 - 83, magazines belts: 51 (fore) - 120 (aft), bulkheads: 127 - 51, deck: 51, barbettes: 152, turrets: 165 - 32, secondary gunhouses: 32 - 25, CT: 127 sides, 57 roof

Armament

CL40 - 43, 46 - 48: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 10/11/13, 8 x 1 - 12.7/90, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (O3U, SOC)

CL49, 50: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 4 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 8 x 1 - 12.7/90, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes (SOC)

Complement

868

Ship project history: The London Naval conference of 1930 limited number of cruisers with 203mm artillery, and the attention of shipbuilders was forcedly switched to the ships with 152mm guns. Originally in the USA there was a judgement, that within the limits of 10000t displacements  it is really to create the ship with dozen of 152mm guns and better protection, than at existing 203mm cruisers. Such ship theoretically could benefit a duel with the more heavy armed opponent for the account of bigger firing rate of 152mm guns. However this calculation was plotted on a duel with Washington cruiser of the first generation. Occurrence of well protected New Orleans class ships has led to that in new designed cruisers the thrust on increasing of number of 152mm guns to the detriment of protection has been laid.

Work on the project have started in the autumn of 1930. From six developed variants (from 6000 to 10000t displacement and from 6 to 15 152mm guns) in 1931 the project of 9600t ship with 12 guns in four triple turrets have been chosen. The armouring scheme basically repeated accepted on New Orleans class. It was supposed to include building of such ship into FY1933 program, however for some reasons it has not happened. It was offered to provide installation of 28mm MGs. Search of a place for them has led to moving of catapults and a hangar astern.

In March, 1932 for discussion of General council new projects of a cruiser with 152mm artillery (10000t displacement, from 12 to 16 152mm guns, 127mm belt) have been presented. Finally it has been solved to build a variant with 15 152mm guns in five triple turrets. The choice was influenced by the data which have appeared about Japanese-built cruisers of Mogami class, having at displacement 8500t 15 155mm guns (the maximum calibre resolved by London conference).

In the project approved in 1933, there was a number of innovations. A hull form resembled New Orleans, but forecastle extension in a stern to the stern frame has converted it into flush-decked. The set was fulfilled on longitudinal framing that has allowed to save weight. The upper deck raising in a stern has allowed to place a hangar and catapults on a quarter-deck, having freed space around a superstructure. A number of lacks of the project was  caused, first of all, by necessity of observance of contractual limitations. So, machinery arrangement remained linear, as well as on New Orleans. The hull was too weak and has demanded to be strengthened.

The armouring scheme basically repeated accepted on New Orleans, but in some elements was more thin. The immune zone of new cruisers under fire of 152mm guns at a relative bearing 60 was in a band 40-115 cables.

Besides new 152/47mm Mk 16 guns, cruisers were armed by 8 127/25mm AA guns. Provided by the project 28mm MGs were not ready, and close AA armament consisted of only 12.7mm MGs.

Under the emergency 1933 program 4 ships (CL40-44) were ordered, 3 more in 1934 (CL46-48). Later 2 more ships were added (CL49 and 50) for replacement of the first cruisers of Omaha class; they were built under improved project. Usage of new compact high-pressure boilers has allowed to shrink the sizes of boiler rooms. It, in turn, has given the chance to rearrange machinery, returning to en echelon scheme. Besides, single 127/25mm AA guns were replaced by new twin mounts.

Ship protection: Main belt abreast machinery was 4.2m high. It was 127mm thick (83mm at lower edge) on 16mm STS plating. There were narrow belts abreast magazines. Fore belt was 51mm thick but aft inner belt had 120mm thickness. Magazines were protected by 93mm bulkheads fore and aft, machinery and magazines were separated by 127-51mm bulkheads. Armoured deck over main belt was 51mm. Barbettes were 152mm thick. Turrets had 165-mm faces, 32-mm sides, 32-mm rears and 51-mm crowns.

Modernizations: mid-1941, all: + 2 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 20; 2 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1

late 1941, Philadelphia, Helena; 12/1941, Honolulu: - 2 x 1 - 76/50; + 2 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1, Mk 3 radar

12/1941, Phoenix: + 2 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1, Mk 3 radar

12/1941, Helena: - 4 x 4 - 28/75

1/1942, Honolulu: + 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, Mk 3 radar

1/1942, Brooklyn, St. Louis; 4/1942, Nashville; 6/1942, Boise: - 2 x 1 - 76/50; + 2 x 4 - 28/75 Mk 1, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, Mk 3 radar

late 1942, all: - 8 x 1 - 12.7/90; + SC, SG, 2x Mk 4 radars

8/1942, Savannah; 2/1943, Phoenix: - 2 x 1 - 76/50, 4 x 4 - 28/75; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 12 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, Mk 3 radar

late 1942, St. Louis: - 4 x 4 - 28/75; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

late 1942, Helena: + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 12 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

early 1943, Brooklyn, Nashville, Boise: - 4 x 4 - 28/75; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

early 1943, Philadelphia: - 4 x 4 - 28/75; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 12 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4

11/1943, Honolulu: - 4 x 4 - 28/75; + 4 x 4 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 4 x 1 - 20/70 MK 4

1943 - 1945, Brooklyn, Phoenix: - SC radar; + SK radar

1943 - 1945, Philadelphia: - SC, Mk 3 radars; + SK, Mk 13 radars

1943 - 1945, Savannah, Honolulu: - SC, Mk 3 radars; + SK, Mk 8 radars

1943 - 1945, Nashville, Boise: - SC, Mk 3, 2x Mk 4 radars; + SK, Mk 13, 2x Mk 28 radars

1943 - 1945, St. Louis: - SC, Mk 3, 2x Mk 4 radars; + SK-2, Mk 8, 2x Mk 28 radars

1944 - 1945, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Savannah, Honolulu: - 12 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, CT was removed

1944 - 1945, Nashville: - 12 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 40/56 Mk 1/2, 9 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 4, CT was removed

1944 - 1945, Phoenix: + 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, CT was removed

1944 - 1945, Boise: + 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 4, CT was removed

1944 - 1945, St. Louis: - 4 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 40/56 MK 1/2, CT was removed

9/1944, Savannah: new bulges were fitted, breadth increased to 21.2 m; - 8 x 1 - 127/25, 2x Mk 4 radars; + 4 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2x Mk 12/22 radars

1945, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, Honolulu: new bulges were fitted, breadth increased to 21.2m

1/1946, Brooklyn: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 27, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 3, 2x Mk 4 radars

1/1946, Philadelphia: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 27, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 13, 2x Mk 4 radars

1/1946, Savannah: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 4 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 32, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 12/22 radars

1/1946, Nashville: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 27, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 9 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 13, 2x Mk 28 radars

1/1946, Phoenix: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 27, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 19 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 3, 2x Mk 4 radars

1/1946: Boise: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 27, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 18 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 13, 2x Mk 28 radars

1/1946, Honolulu: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 8 x 1 - 127/25 Mk 27, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 10 x 2 - 20/70 Mk 24, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 4 radars

1/1946, St. Louis: 5 x 3 - 152/47 Mk 16, 4 x 2 - 127/38 Mk 29, 4 x 4 - 40/60 Mk 2, 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 10, 2 catapults, 4 seaplanes, SK-2, SG, Mk 8, 2x Mk 28 radars

Naval service:  Helena 7/12/1941 in Pearl Harbour received an air torpedo hit, repaired till May, 1942; 6/7/1943 in battle in Kula Bay she received three torpedo hits from Japanese destroyers Tanikaze and Suzukaze, broken apart and sunk. Brooklyn at coast of Sicily was damaged by a mine 14/7/1943, repaired till December, 1943. Savannah 11/9/1943 was badly damaged at Salerno by German planning air bomb, repaired till September, 1944. Nashville 12/5/1943 was damaged by internal explosion of a gun turret No1, repaired till August, 1943; 13/12/1944 she was damaged by kamikaze and repaired till April, 1945. Boise was damaged 21/1/1942 at beaching, repair till June, 1942; 11/10/1942 in battle at Cape Esperance she was badly damaged by gunfire of Japanese ships, repaired till March, 1943. Honolulu 13/7/1943 was damaged by a torpedo from Japanese ship, fore end on a capstan is broken off; repair lasted till November, 1943; 20/10/1944 she was damaged by Japanese air torpedo and repaired till October, 1945. St. Louis 13/7/1943 was damaged by a torpedo from Japanese destroyer, fore end was broken off, repaired till November, 1943; 14/2/1944 she was damaged by Japanese air bomb and repaired till May, 1944; 27/11/1944 she was damaged by kamikaze and was under repair till March, 1945.

Philadelphia 1945

Thanks to Massimiliano Stola for the help in error correction in "Modernizations".

Ivan Gogin, 2014-15