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fighting ships of the world

 

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

VIRGINIA 1st class battleships (1906-1907)

Virginia 1907

No

Name

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comm

Fate

BB13

Virginia

Newport News

21/5/1902

5/4/1904

7/5/1906

stricken 7/1922

BB14

Nebraska

Moran, Seattle

4/7/1902

7/10/1904

1/7/1907

stricken 7/1922

BB15

Georgia

Bath Iron Wks

31/8/1901

11/10/1904

24/9/1906

stricken 7/1922

BB16

New Jersey

Fore River, Quincy

3/4/1902

10/11/1904

12/5/1906

stricken 7/1922

BB17

Rhode Island

Fore River, Quincy

1/5/1902

17/5/1904

19/2/1906

stricken 7/1922

  

Displacement normal, t

14948

Displacement full, t

16094

Length, m

134.5

Breadth, m

23.3

Draught, m

7.24

No of shafts

2

Machinery

BB13, 15: VTE, 24 Niclausse boilers

BB14, 16, 17: VTE, 12 Babcock & Wilcox boilers

Power, h. p.

19000

Max speed, kts

19

Fuel, t

BB13: coal 1900

BB14, 17: coal 1700

BB15: coal 1925

BB16: coal 1955

Endurance, nm(kts)

4860(10)

BB14: 5950(10)

Armour, mm

Krupp and Harvey steel - belt: 279 - 203 (152 - 102 at ship ends), bulkheads: 152, deck: 76 - 38, barbettes: 254 - 190, main turrets: 305 - 152, secondary turrets: 305 - 102, casemates: 152, CT: 229

Armament

BB13 - 15: 2 x 2 - 305/40 Mk III, 4 x 2 - 203/45 Mk VI, 12 x 1 - 152/49 Mk VI/VIII, 12 x 1 - 76/50 Mk VI, 12 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I / Driggs-Schroeder Mk I, 4 - 533 TT (beam)

BB16, 17: 2 x 2 - 305/40 Mk IV, 4 x 2 - 203/45 Mk VI, 12 x 1 - 152/50 Mk VIII, 12 x 1 - 76/50 Mk VI, 12 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I / Driggs-Schroeder Mk I, 2 x 1 - 37/40 Hotchkiss heavy Mk I/II/III / Driggs-Schroeder heavy Mk I, 4 - 533 TT (beam)

Complement

812

Ship project history: Authorised under the Acts of 3/3/1899 (first three) and 7/6/1900 (last two). Flush-deck ships with freeboard of 5.9m forward at legend draught, and considerably larger than previous designs. Two of the 203mm turrets were fixed to the roofs of the 305mm and trained with them, in spite of the unsatisfactory experience of this arrangement in the Kearsarge class. The turrets were electrically powered and the total output of the ships' dynamos was 500kW. They all made 19-19.25kts on trials with 0.4-0.5m forced draught.

Ship protection: Main belt had 2.43m height (0.91m over and 1.52m under waterline). 58.5m long amidships part of belt was 279mm thick at 1.52m upper part tapering to 203mm at lower edge. Next 18.3m fore and 9.8m aft parts of belt were 229mm at upper edge tapering to 152mm at lower edge. Ship ends were closed by 152-114mm, later 127-102mm and finally 102mm armour. Belt was connected with main gun barbettes by 152mm bulkheads. There was 152mm upper belt. 38mm armoured deck over citadel had 76mm slopes and connected with lower edge of main belt. It was 76mm in flat part and had 76mm slopes at ship ends. Main gun turrets had 89mm crowns but secondary gun turrets had only 38mm crowns. 2 secondary gun turrets placed over main guns and had identical vertical armour but 2 secondary gun turrets on beam were closed by 165-102mm armour.

Modernizations: 1909 - 1910, all: - 12 x 1 - 47/40; cage masts were installed.

1919, Virginia, Georgia: Niclausse boilers were replaced by 12 Babcock & Wilcox

1919, all: - 12 x1 - 152/50 (may be temporarily), (6 - 8) x 1 - 76/50; + 2 x 1 - 76/52 Mk X

Naval service:  All ships were stricken according to the Washington Treaty; Virginia and New Jersey were used as targets.

Virginia

Ivan Gogin, 2014