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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

TEXAS 2nd class battleship (1895)

Texas 1895

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
  Texas, 2/1911- San Marcos   Norfolk N Yd 1/6/1889 28/1/1892 15/8/1895 sunk as target 22/3/1911
  

Displacement normal, t

6135

Displacement full, t

6665

Length, m

94.1

Breadth, m

19.5

Draught, m

6.86 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 VTE, 4 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

8600

Max speed, kts

17

Fuel, t

coal 850

Endurance, nm(kts) 3125(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey and nickel steel - belt: 305 - 102, bulkheads: 152, deck: 76 - 51, redoubt: 305, turrets: 305 - 25, CT: 305 - 38

Armament

2 x 1 - 305/35 Mk I, 2 x 1 - 152/35 Mk III, 4 x 1 - 152/30 Mk III, 10 x 1 - 57/45 Driggs-Schroeder Mk I, 2 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I/II, 6 x 1 - 37/40 Driggs-Schroeder Mk I, 4 x 5 - 37/20 Hotchkiss Mk I, 4 - 356 TT (beam, aw)

Complement

392

Ship project history: Authorized under the Act of 3/8/1886. Second class battleship, designed by John of the Barrow Shipbuilding Co. Although it was chosen from 13 designs the Texas was not very successful and was considered rather weak for her 305mm guns. The two 305mm turrets were echeloned amidships on the upper deck and four of the 152mm were in main deck sponsons and the other two fore and aft on the upper deck. The 305mm mountings were hydraulic-powered and originally had fixed loading positions, but this was changed to all round loading.

Ship protection: The 36.0m-long 305mm belt extended from 0.6m above to 1.4m below lwl and tapered from 0.3m under waterline to 152mm at the lower edge, ending by 152mm bulkheads. The armor deck was 51mm flat over the belt and 51mm with 76-51mm slopes at the ends, but the side between the belt and the diagonal redoubt on the main deck was unarmored. Turrets had 305mm sides, 25mm roofs and 76mm sighting hoods. CT had 305mm sides and 38mm roof.

Modernizations: None.

Naval service: Texas was renamed San Marcos 16/2/1911 and used as the target in important firing trials which determined the uselessness of all but heavy armour against large caliber AP shell.

Texas 1898

Ivan Gogin, 2014