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fighting ships of the world

UNITED STATES NAVY (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

INDIANA 1st class battleships (1895-1896)

Indiana 1895

Indiana 1912

No Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
BB1, 3/1919- BC1 Indiana, 3/1919- Coast Battleship No1 270 Cramp, Philadelphia 7/5/1891 28/2/1893 20/11/1895 sunk as target 1/11/1920
BB2, 3/1919- BC2 Massachusetts, 3/1919- Coast Battleship No2 271 Cramp, Philadelphia 25/6/1891 10/6/1893 10/6/1896 stricken 11/1920
BB3 Oregon 18 Union Iron Wks, San Francisco 19/11/1891 26/10/1893 15/7/1896 stricken 11/1920
  

Displacement normal, t

10288

Displacement full, t

11688

Length, m

107.0

Breadth, m

21.1

Draught, m

7.32 mean

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 VTE, 6 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

9000

Max speed, kts

15

Fuel, t

coal 1640

Endurance, nm(kts) 5640(10)

Armour, mm

Harvey and nickel steel - belt: 457 - 102, bulkheads: 356, deck: 70 - 76, barbettes: 432, main turrets: 432 - 51, secondary turrets: 152 - 51, secondary battery: 127, casemate: 127, CT: 254

Armament

2 x 2 - 330/35 Mk I, 4 x 2 - 203/37 Mk IV, 4 x 1 - 152/40 Mk IV, 20 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss Mk I/II, 6 x 5 - 37/20 Hotchkiss Mk I, 6 - 450 TT (4 beam, 1 bow, 1 stern, 16)

Complement

473

Ship project history: Authorized under the Act of 30/6/1890. First series-built battleships of the 'New Navy', and not very successful as too much was attempted on a very limited displacement. Freeboard was only 3.5m forward at legend draught and did not allow tthem to be considered effective ocean-going ships. Turrets were originally unbalanced with hydraulic training in Oregon and steam in the other two. The 330mm axis height above Iwl was 5.4m but the 203mm turrets, two on either beam, were carried high (gun axis 7.6m), and the 152mm guns were amidships in sponsoned upper deck.

Ship protection: Main belt had 45.7m length and 2.28m height (0.91m over and 1.37m under waterline) and was connected with main gun barbettes by 356mm angled bulkheads. It was 457mm thick from upper edge to 0.3m under waterline and tapered to 203mm at lower edge. Ship ends between stems and bulkheads were protected by 102mm belt tapered to lower edge to 64mm. Upper belt was 127mm thick. 70mm armoured deck over citadel was flat and connected with upper edge of main belt. It was sloped and 76mm thick at ship ends.  Main gun turrets had 432mm sides and 51mm crowns. Secondary turrets had 152mm sides and 51mm crowns. 152mm guns had 127mm protection, 57mm and 37mm guns were protected by 51mm armour. Conning tower had 254mm sides and 178mm tube.

Modernizations: 1905-1908, all: - 4 x 1 - 152/40, 10 x 1 - 57/40, 6 x 5 - 37/20, 6 - 450 TT; + 12 x 1 - 76/50 Mk III/V/VI; cylindrical boilers were replaced by 8 Babcock & Wilcox, the 330mm turrets being partially balanced.

1907-1908, all: cage mainmast was installed.

1919, all: - 8 x1 - 76/50.

Naval service:  Indiana and Massachusetts were reclassified as coast defence battleships in 1919. Oregon became a museum ship in January, 1924. Two first ships were sunk on exercises as targets 1/11/1920 and 6/1/1921 respectively. Oregon was sold for BU in December, 1942 but later works were stopped and in July, 1944 she was towed to Guam as ammunition hulk. Later she breaking adrift in a typhoon and sold in March, 1956.

Massachusetts 1900

Ivan Gogin, 2014