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UNITED KINGDOM
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"L" and "M" destroyers (GURKHA) (16, 1940 - 1942)


Photo



Lookout 1945

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Gurkha (ex-Larne) F63   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 10/1938 8/7/1940 2/1941 sunk 17/1/1942 "L" group
Laforey F99   Yarrow, Scotstoun 3/1939 15/2/1941 8/1941 sunk 30/3/1944 "L" group
Lance F87, G87   Yarrow, Scotstoun 3/1939 28/11/1940 5/1941 CTL 9/4/1942 "L" group
Legion F74, G74   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 11/1938 26/12/1939 12/1940 sunk 26/3/1942 "L" group
Lightning F55, G55   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 11/1938 22/4/1940 5/1941 sunk 12/3/1943 "L" group
Lively F40, G40   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 12/1938 28/1/1941 7/1941 sunk 11/5/1942 "L" group
Lookout F32   Scotts, Greenock 11/1938 4/11/1940 1/1942 BU 1/1948 "L" group
Loyal F15, G15   Scotts, Greenock 11/1938 8/10/1941 10/1942 damaged 12/10/1944, never repaired, BU 1948 "L" group
Mahratta (ex-Marksman) G23   Scotts, Greenock 8/1941 28/7/1942 4/1943 sunk 25/2/1944 "M" group
Marne G35, 1948- D135   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 10/1939 30/10/1940 12/1941 to Turkey 3/1959 (Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak) "M" group
Martin G44   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 10/1939 12/12/1940 4/1942 sunk 10/11/1942 "M" group
Matchless G52, 1948- D252   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1940 4/9/1941 2/1942 to Turkey 3/1959 (Kılıç Ali Paşa) "M" group
Meteor G73, 1948- D273   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1940 3/11/1941 8/1942 to Turkey 3/1959 (Piyale Paşa) "M" group
Milne G14, 1948- D58   Scotts, Greenock 1/1940 30/12/1941 8/1942 to Turkey 3/1959 (Alp Arslan) "M" group
Musketeer G86, 1948- D186   Fairfield, Govan 12/1939 2/12/1941 9/1942 accommodation ship 1955, BU 12/1955 "M" group
Myrmidon G90   Fairfield, Govan 12/1939 2/3/1942 7/1942 to Poland 11/1942 (Orkan) "M" group


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

36

Displacement standard, t

1920 - 1935

Displacement full, t

2660 - 2725 (later 2810 - 2840)

Length, m

105.3 pp 110.5 oa

Breadth, m

11.2

Draught, m

4.34 - 4.39 (later 4.52) deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

48000

Fuel, t

oil 537

Endurance, nm(kts)5500(15)
Armament

Gurkha, Lance, Lively, Legion: 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (110 DC)

Laforey, Lightning, Lookout, Loyal, "M" class except Mahratta: 3 x 2 - 120/50 QF Mk XI, 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 2 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45 DC)

Mahratta: 3 x 2 - 120/50 QF Mk XI, 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45 DC)

Electronic equipment

presumably "L" class except Loyal, Marne, Martin: type 285, type 286 radars, type 128 sonar

presumably Loyal and "M" class except Marne and Martin: type 285, type 291 radars, type 128 sonar

Complement

190 - 226



Standard scale images


<i>Myrmidon</i> 1942
Myrmidon 1942
<i>Lance</i> 1942
Lance 1942
<i>Loyal</i> 1944
Loyal 1944
<i>Musketeer</i> 1943
Musketeer 1943


Graphics


<i>Lookout</i> 1945
Lookout 1945


Ship project history


By the moment of the beginning of designing of destroyers of 1937 ("L" class) and 1939 ("M" class) programs contractual limitations any more did not hold down British designers. Therefore, when the Admiralty has made the demand to create the new ships equipped completely closed gun mounts (i.e. protected from a bad weather) and capable to develop higher speed (on 10kts more than King George V class battleships), a task have tried to solve directly, at the expense of a enlarging. So, one of variants of sketch design provided something an average between destroyer and cruiser with 3200t standard displacement, 90 000hp machinery, 42kts speed and six 133mm DP guns in three turrets. Fortunately, prudence has won, and they were stopped on much more modest variant on the basis of "J" class destroyer, with some improvement of general performances. The main difference from a prototype should become new turret-shape gun mounts (no turrets) with 50° maximal elevation angle. Guns were of new model, with increased to 50cal bore length and in heavier 28kg shell. It was supposed to equip also ships by second quadruple pompom, but when it was found out, that thus it is necessary to leave one of TT, this idea have refused. Growth of the upper weight (to that promoted almost on 10t heavier mounts and new directors) has forced to return to quadruple TT. The delay with manufacturing of new artillery has increased also to an overload problem: hulls were built faster. This lagging could lead to failure of limits for series readiness, and summer of 1940 first 4 ships (Gurkha, Lance, Legion and Lively) have decided to finish building with the changed structure of artillery with four twin 102mm mounts (two on regular positions in a bow, two more on the increased aft superstructure). As addition to regular antiaircraft arms 2 Oerlikons were installed.

The remained 12 ships have received designed 120mm mounts but have lost one TT in favour of AA 102mm gun.

Modernizations


1942, all survived: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

late 1942, Laforey, Lightning, Lookout, Loyal, "M" class but Mahratta: - 2 x 2 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, Laforey, Lookout, Loyal, "M" class: - 4 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, almost all earlier ships: - type 286 radar; + type 291 radar

1943 - 1944, some: + type 292 radar

1943 - 1945, some: + type 271 or type 273 radar

1944, Loyal, Lookout, Mahratta, Marne, Matchless, Meteor, Milne, Musketeer: - 1 x 1 - 102/45; + 1 x 4 - 533 TT

1/1946: 3 x 2 - 120/50 Mk XX, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45), type 271 or type 273 radar, type 285, type 291, may be type 292 radars, type 128 sonar

Naval service


Gurkha was sunk by German submarine U133 at coast of Libya 17/1/1942. Legion was damaged by bombs 23/3/1942, ran aground, salvaged 25/3/1942 but again damaged 26/3/1942 and never repaired. Lance was badly damaged by German aircraft 5 and 9/4/1942 on Malta (in a drydock) and never repaired. Lively was sunk by German aircraft at Sollum 11/5/1942. Martin was sunk by German submarine U431 N of Algiers 10/11/1942. Lightning was sunk by German MTBs S55 and S158 N of Algiers 12/3/1943. Marksman, ordered by Scott's in 1940, in May of next year, being in high pre-launching availability, was completely destroyed during German air raid. She was laid down on the same Yard under a new name as Mahratta and sunk by German submarine U956 25/2/1944 in Barents sea. Laforey was sunk by German submarine U223 N of Sicily 30/3/1944. Loyal was mined 12/10/1944 at NE coast of Italy, and never repaired. Matchless was badly damaged by a torpedo in June, 1942. Marne 12/11/1942 was badly damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U515 (stern was broken off), repair lasted till January, 1944.