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UNITED KINGDOM
TORPEDO SHIPS
Fairfield 30-knots destroyers, 1896 - 97 order (GIPSY) (3, 1898)


Photo



Fairy 1902  

Ships


Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Gipsy P23, D58, D43   Fairfield, Govan 1/10/1896 9/3/1897 7/1898 sold 3/1921
Osprey P80, D64   Fairfield, Govan 14/11/1896 7/4/1897 7/1898 sold 11/1919
Fairy P40, D53, D35   Fairfield, Govan 19/10/1896 29/5/1897 8/1898 foundered 31/5/1918


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

355

Displacement full, t

400

Length, m

65.7 oa 64.0 pp

Breadth, m

6.48

Draught, m

2.49

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 4-cyl VTE, 4 Thornycroft boilers

Power, h. p.

6300

Max speed, kts

30

Fuel, t

coal 85

Endurance, nm(kts)

3000(10)

Armament

1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I, 5 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 450 TT (4)

Complement

60



Graphics


<i>Fairy </i>1902  
Fairy 1902  


Ship project history


The successful trials of the first destroyers, particularly Daring, showed that higher speeds than the Admiralty had at first thought possible could be obtained, and in 1894 Thornycroft, Yarrow and Laird were all asked to submit designs for destroyers capable of 30kts, though at that stage orders could not be placed immediately. The first orders went to Thornycroft and Laird, and later other firms produced their own designs and built to them. Yarrow, however, thanks to conflicts with the Admiralty over their 27 knotter destroyers, did not receive any more destroyer orders from the Admiralty for several years, and concentrated on building for foreign navies instead.

As with the 27-knotters all the firms built to their own designs, the only common feature being the complement of 63 and the standard armament of 1 76mm and 5 57mm guns, plus 2 450mm TT. All except Thornycroft used triple expansion engines, whilst Thornycroft continued with their four cylinder compounds. Hulls were lengthened and the machinery was more powerful than the 27-knotters, but fundamentally the 30-knotters were only enlarged versions of the earlier destroyers.

As with the 27-knotters the high trial speeds were never achieved in service, or even in subsequent trials. Sea speed was more often around the 25kts mark, if that. The light structure of these destroyers caused some trouble with leakage and fractures, though in fact it stood up remarkably well to the strains of wartime service between 1914 and 1918 when these by then elderly vessels were mainly used for coastal patrol work. Many had their funnels raised in an attempt to minimize smoke and cinders at deck level.

Though quite a few of these vessels were delayed in their entrance into the service by difficulties in reaching the contract speed, more delay was caused with the later groups of vessels by the severe labour troubles in the late 1890s in the shipbuilding trades.

Three funnelled ships.

Modernizations


1916-1917, Gipsy: + 2 DCR

Naval service


Fairy 31/5/1918 in the North Sea rammed and sank the German submarine UC75 which was bigger than herself, and as a result was so badly damaged that she sank shortly afterwards. Gipsy's hulk was in use as a floating pontoon at Dartmouth for many years after her disposal.