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UNITED KINGDOM
TORPEDO SHIPS
"E" and "F" destroyers (ESCAPADE) (16, 1934 - 1935)


Photo



Express 1939 as minelayer

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Echo H23   Denny, Dumbarton 3/1933 16/2/1934 10/1934 to Greece 4/1944 (Ναυαρίνον ) "E" group
Eclipse H08   Denny, Dumbarton 3/1933 12/4/1934 12/1934 sunk 24/10/1943 "E" group
Electra H27   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 3/1933 15/2/1934 9/1934 sunk 27/2/1942 "E" group
Encounter H10   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 3/1933 29/3/1934 11/1934 sunk 1/3/1942 "E" group
Escapade H17   Scotts, Greenock 3/1933 30/1/1934 9/1934 BU 2/1947 "E" group
Escort H65   Scotts, Greenock 3/1933 29/3/1934 11/1934 sunk 11/7/1940 "E" group
Esk H15   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 3/1933 19/3/1934 10/1934 sunk 31/8/1940 "E" group
Express, 6/1943 - Gatineau (RCN 6/1943) H61   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 3/1933 29/5/1934 11/1934 stricken 1/1946, BU 1956 "E" group
Fame H78, 1948- D78?   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 5/7/1933 28/6/1934 4/1935 to Dominican Republic 2/1949 (Generalissimo) "F" group
Fearless H67   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 7/1933 12/5/1934 12/1934 sunk 23/7/1941 "F" group
Firedrake H79   Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 7/1933 28/6/1934 5/1935 sunk 16/12/1942 "F" group
Forester H74   White, Cowes 5/1933 28/6/1934 3/1935 BU 6/1947 "F" group
Foresight H68   Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 7/1933 29/6/1934 5/1935 sunk 12/8/1942 "F" group
Fortune, 6/1943 - Saskatchewan (RCN 6/1943) H70   John Brown, Clydebank 7/1933 29/8/1934 4/1935 BU 1/1946 "F" group
Foxhound, 2/1944 - Qu'Appelle (RCN 2/1944) H69   John Brown, Clydebank 8/1933 12/10/1934 6/1935 stricken 5/1946, BU 1948 "F" group
Fury H76   White, Cowes 5/1933 10/9/1934 5/1935 CTL 21/6/1944 "F" group


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

36

Displacement standard, t

1350 - 1405

Displacement full, t

1886 - 1940 (later 2025 - 2095)

Length, m

97.0 pp 100.3 oa

Breadth, m

10.1

Draught, m

3.81 (later 3.96 - 4.01)

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Fortune, Foxhound: 2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

36000

Fuel, t

oil 471

Endurance, nm(kts)6350(15)
Armament

4 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (20 DC), mechanical minesweeping gear

Esk, Express: 2 x 1 - 120/45 QF Mk IX, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 60 - 72 mines

Electronic equipmenttype 121 sonar
Complement

145



Standard scale images


<i>Eclipse</i> 1939
Eclipse 1939
<i>Qu'Appelle</i> 1943
Qu'Appelle 1943


Graphics


<i>Express</i> 1939 as minelayer
Express 1939 as minelayer


Ship project history


Since the 1931 Programme destroyers have ceased to be shared on equipped mainly minesweeping or anti-submarine armaments: "Е" class destroyers carried both. Moreover, it was supposed to equip these ships also with the minelaying equipment. It was originally planed to equip in a similar way all destroyers but absence of operating experience of a new minelaying equipment had to be limited to two ships, Esk and Express.

The extended armament structure conducted to growth of displacement and as consequence fall of speed. To avoid it new destroyers had improved hull form that managed to be reached after very many model tests in a ship-research bassin.

The important difference of "Е" class from previous "C" and "D" classes was the sectioning of 2nd boiler room by a watertight bulkhead on two smaller. Thus, boiler rooms became 3 as boilers number that has positively affected damage tolerance.

76mm AA gun figuring in the design at early phases was cancelled in favour of new main gun mounts with an 40° elevation angle. New Mk XVII mounts ensured more elevation angle at the expense of rather original reception. There was a ring in a deck round a mount more than 2m in diametere and 35cm deep. It was covered by special metallic boards at surface fire. These boards were lifted at big elevation angles, that ensured standard gun recoil with natural balancing, removing risk of blow of breech in a deck. This construction has called subsequently a number of critical remarks because of the impracticality however used on destroyers of three classes up to "G".

"F" class (1932 Programme) became repetition of "Е" without any changes in the design. The order for their building has been given out simultaneously with destroyers of 1931 Programme.

Modernizations


1940, all but Escort: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV

1941-1942, almost all survived: + type 271, type 286/M/P radars

1941, Fame, Fearless, Firedrake: - 1 x 1 - 120/45; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 DCT (70 DC)

1941, Echo, Eclipse, Electra, Encounter, Escapade, Express: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941, Forester, Foresight, Fortune, Foxhound, Fury: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1942, Forester, Foresight, Fortune, Foxhound, Fury, Firedrake: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943, Forester, Fortune, Foxhound: - 1 x 1 - 120/45; + 2 DCT (70 DC)

1943, Escapade: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 1 x 1 - 76/45, type 121 sonar; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 2 DCT (70 DC), type 144 sonar

1943, Express: - 1 x 4 - 533 TT, type 121 sonar; + 2 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 2 DCT (70 DC), type 144 sonar

1943, Fame: - 1 x 1 - 76/45, type 121 sonar; + 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II ASWRL, type 144 sonar

1943 - 1944, Echo, Escapade, Gatineau, Fame, Fury: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1943 - 1944, almost all: - type 286/M/P radar; + type 291 radar

1944, Forester: - 1 x 1 - 76/45, 2 x 1 - 20/70, type 121 sonar; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog MkII ASWRL, type 144 sonar

1944, Saskatchewan, Qu'Appelle: - 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II ASWRL, type 144 sonar

1945, Escapade: - 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL; + 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk IV ASWRL, type 147 sonar

1/1946, Escapade: 2 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk IV ASWRL, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (70), type 277, type 291 radars, type 144, type 147 sonars

1/1946, Fame: 3 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II ASWRL, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (70), type 271, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

1/1946, Forester: 3 x 1 - 120/45 CP Mk XVII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 12 - 178 Split Hedgehog Mk II ASWRL, 4 DCT, 1 DCR (70), type 271, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

Naval service


Eclipse 11/4/1940 was badly damaged by German aircraft at South Norwegian coast, ran aground and abandoned by crew, 16/4/1940 she was towed off to Britain and repaired till August, 1940. 24/10/1943 she was mined E of Kalimnos Island and sunk. Electra 27/2/1942 was sunk by gunfire of Japanese destroyer Asagumo in Java sea. Encounter 1/3/1942 was sunk by gunfire of Japanese cruisers Ashigara and Myoko in Java sea. Escort 11/7/1940 was torpedoed by Italian submarine Marconi N of Algeria and foundered at tow. Esk 31/8/1940 was mined off Dutch coast and sunk in the morning of next day. Express 31/8/1940 was badly damaged by a mine (the fore end was broken off), repaired till November, 1941. Fame was thrown out by a storm on rocks at Sunderland coast 17/10/1940, repaired to the mid-1941.

Fearless 23/7/1941 was badly damaged by Italian air torpedo from S.79 torpedo bomber in 50nm NW of point Bon, abandoned by crew and torpedoed by destroyer Forester. Firedrake 16/12/1942 was sunk by German submarine U211 in Northern Atlantic in 600nm S off Iceland. Foresight 12/8/1942 was badly damaged by Italian air torpedo from S.79 torpedo bomber, abandoned by crew and 13/8/1942 torpedoed by destroyer Tartar N of Bizerte. Fury 21/6/1944 was badly damaged by a mine at coast of Normandy and never repaired.