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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
TORPEDO SHIPS
AMAZON destroyer (1, 1926)


Photo



Amazon 1926

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Amazon D39   Thornycroft, Woolston 1/1925 27/1/1926 9/1926 target ship 8/1944, BU 1948


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

37

Displacement standard, t

1352

Displacement full, t

1812 (later 1980)

Length, m

95.0 pp 98.5 oa

Breadth, m

9.63

Draught, m

3.84 (later 4.09) deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

39500

Fuel, t

oil 428

Endurance, nm(kts)

3400(15)

Armament

4 x 1 - 120/45 BL Mk I/II, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

138



Standard scale images


<i>Amazon</i> 1926
Amazon 1926


Graphics


<i>Amazon</i> 1926
Amazon 1926


Ship project history


The first RN destroyers created taking into account experience of World war One were Amazon and Ambuscade. They were built under the 1924 Programme, designed by  builders; Admiralty has stipulated only fulfilment of some obligatory conditions on armament, endurance range, seaworthiness and habitability, in remaining full freedom has been awarded for designers. At the same armament, as on "Modified W" class ships, new destroyers should exceed them in maximal speed by 2-3kts (37 against 34-35), have more freeboard (2.6m against 1.9), more spacious all-metal bridge and better habitability.

Machinery of new ships had many innovations: separated cruising and reverse turbines, usage of high-pressure steam (Yarrow), and superheated steam (Thornycroft, first time in world practice).

During designing specific features of each of these firms in the approach to creation of fast ships were showed become already traditional. Prototypes have appeared successful and were close enough on the elements, however Yarrow ship could solve a task in view, having stowed in smaller displacement, and thanks to it to lower engine power. At the same time Amazon, built by Thornycroft, having 200t more displacement, has appeared notably more cheaply the contender. Besides at the expense of the bigger dimensions he benefited in seaworthiness a little. As a whole both ships represented a little increased "Modified W" class with more powerful machinery and improved conditions of habitability.

Modernizations


11/1939: 50 t of solid ballast were loaded; - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/45 QF Mk I/II/III/IV, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (20 DC), type 128 sonar

1942: + type 286 radar

1943: - 2 x 1 - 120/45, 2 x 1 - 40/39, type 286 radar, type 128 sonar; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (70 DC totally), type 286PU radar, type 144 sonar

mid-1943: - 1 x 1 - 76/45, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; DC stowage increased up to 95 pcs.

Naval service


In 8/1944 she became a target ship for aviation.