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UNITED KINGDOM
TORPEDO SHIPS
"W" destroyers (WAKEFUL) (21(2), 1917 - 1918)


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Windsor 1933

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Wakeful F37, H88, L91   John Brown, Clydebank 1/1917 6/10/1917 11/1917 sunk 29/5/1940 Admiralty design
Watchman G23, G09, D26   John Brown, Clydebank 1/1917 2/11/1917 1/1918 BU 7/1945 Admiralty design
Walker G22, G08, D27   Denny, Dumbarton 3/1917 29/11/1917 2/1918 BU 3/1946 Admiralty design
Whirlwind H41, D25, G73, D30   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 5/1917 15/12/1917 3/1918 sunk 5/7/1940 Admiralty design
Winchelsea F40, D46   White, Cowes 5/1917 15/12/1917 3/1918 BU 3/1945 Admiralty design
Walrus G17   Fairfield, Govan 1917 27/12/1917 3/1918 wrecked 12/2/1938 Admiralty design
Warwick H38, G96, D25   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 3/1917 28/12/1917 3/1918 sunk 20/2/1944 Admiralty design
Winchester G43, L55   White, Cowes 6/1917 1/2/1918 4/1918 BU 3/1946 Admiralty design
Walpole F15, D41   Doxford, Pallion 5/1917 12/2/1918 8/1918 CTL 6/1/1945, never repaired, BU 2/1945 Admiralty design
Westcott F03,D47, I47   Denny, Dumbarton 3/1917 14/2/1918 4/1918 BU 1/1946 Admiralty design
Westminster F02, D45, L40   Scotts, Greenock 4/1917 24/2/1918 4/1918 BU 3/1947 Admiralty design
Wrestler G31, D35, L10, I50   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 7/1917 25/2/1918 5/1918 CTL 6/6/1944, BU 7/1944 Admiralty design
Wessex F32, D43   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 5/1917 12/3/1918 5/1918 sunk 24/5/1940 Admiralty design
Wolfhound F18, L56   Fairfield, Govan 4/1917 14/3/1918 4/1918 BU 2/1948 Admiralty design
Waterhen (10/1933- RAN) G28, D22   Palmers, Jarrow 7/1917 26/3/1918 7/1918 sunk 29/6/1941 Admiralty design
Whitley (ex-Whitby) F20, L23   Doxford, Pallion 6/1917 13/4/1918 10/1918 sunk 19/5/1940 Admiralty design
Voyager (10/1933- RAN) G36, G16, D31   A. Stephens, Linthouse 5/1917 8/5/1918 6/1918 wrecked and scuttled 23/9/1942 Admiralty design
Wryneck G05, D21   Palmers, Jarrow 7/1917 13/5/1918 11/1918 sunk 27/4/1941 Admiralty design
Windsor F12, D42, L94   Scotts, Greenock 4/1917 21/6/1918 8/1918 BU 3/1947 Admiralty design
Wayfarer     Yarrow, Scotstoun 1917 --- --- cancelled 1917 Admiralty design
Woodpecker     Yarrow, Scotstoun 1917 --- --- cancelled 1917 Admiralty design
Wolsey G40, D98, L02   Thornycroft, Woolston 3/1917 16/3/1918 5/1918 BU 3/1947 Thornycroft specials
Woolston F08, L49   Thornycroft, Woolston 4/1917 27/4/1918 6/1918 BU 2/1947 Thornycroft specials


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

Admiralty design: 1100

Thornycroft specials: 1095

Displacement full, t

Admiralty design: 1490

Thornycroft specials: 1512

Length, m

95.1

Breadth, m

Admiralty design: 9.00

Thornycroft secials: 9.37

Draught, m

Admiralty design: 3.20

Thornycroft specials: 2.90

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Wakeful, Watchman, Walker, Westcott, Walrus, Wolfhound, Warwick, Wessex, Voyager, Westminster, Windsor, Wryneck, Waterhen, Wolsey, Woolston, Wayfarer, Woodpcker: 2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Walpole, Whitley, Whirlwind, Wrestler: 2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Winchelsea, Winchester: 2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 White-Forster boilers

Power, h. p.

27000

Max speed, kts

34

Fuel, t

Admiralty design: oil 367

Thornycroft specials: oil 374

Endurance, nm(kts)

2600(15)

Armament

4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR, sweeps

Walker, Walrus, Warwick, Watchman, Whirlwind:  (3 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk II, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 DCR, 60 mines) or (4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 1 DCR, sweeps)

Complement

134



Standard scale images


<i>Walpole</i> 1942
Walpole 1942


Graphics


<i>Windsor</i> 1933
Windsor 1933


Project history


In December 1916 orders were placed for 23 repeat 'V' class, but with the triple TT which had not been ready in time for the 'V's. They were virtually identical, the J S White boats having the same level topped and ribbed funnels as the Vectis and Vortigern, and the Thornycrofi 'specials' having the same high freeboard and flat-sided after funnel as the Viceroy and Viscount. Two ordered from Yarrow, to be named Wayfarer and Woodpecker, were cancelled in April 1917 and replaced by 'S' class. In 1918 five ships were completed as minelayers.

By the end of 1930 "V" and "W" classes become outdated, they partly were sold for BU and the majority of the remained was in a reserve. In 1938 it was offered to convert them to fast AA escorts. It allowed to supplement fleet with so necessary ships before 1940 when completion of the first special "Hunt" class ships was expected. In total under the program which was named "WAIR", it was supposed to convert 20 "V" and "W" classes destroyers.

During their conversion all old armaments were replaced by 2 twin 102mm DP guns (fore and aft) and 2 х 4 12.7mm MGs. Fwd superstructure became box-shaped and bigger. Works on the hull were limited to the insignificant re-planning of internal compartments called in basic changes in a construction of magazines, some (nearby by 2m) lengthening of a forecastle and removing of side oil fuel tanks over wl.

Modernizations


early 1920s, all: - 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II

1920s, Walpole, Wessex, Westcott, Westminster, Windsor: + type 114 sonar

1920s, Winchelsea, Wolfhound: + type 115 sonar

1930s, many: + type 124 or type 127 sonar

(3 - 10/1938), Whitley; (5 - 9/1939), Woolston; (9/1938 - 12/1939), Wolsey; (6/1939 - 1/1940), Westminster; (4/1939 - 4/1940), Winchester; (9/1939 - 4/1940), Wryneck; (5/1939 - 5/1940), Wolfhound: - 4 x 1 - 102/45, 1 x 1 - 40/39, 2 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; (2 DCT and 1 DCR with 25 DCs totally)

early 1940, Voyager, Waterhen: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 4 - 12.7/62 (33 DC)

spring 1940, Wakeful, Walpole, Westcott, Wessex, Wrestler, Winchelsea, Windsor, Wryneck: + 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, DCs stowage was 33 pcs

spring 1940, Walker, Warwick, Watchman, Whirlwind: + 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 DCT (DCs stowage was 33 pcs)

spring - summer 1940, Walker, Walpole, Warwick, Watchman, Westcott, Winchelsea, Windsor, Wrestler: - 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II/V

early 1941, Voyager, Waterhen: - 1 x 1 - 40/39; + 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II/V

1941, Woolston, Wolsey, Westminster, Winchester, Wolfhound: + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941 - 1943, most: + type 271, type 286/M/P radars

(1941), Westcott: 1 boiler was removed, fuel stowage rose up to 445t, engine power decreased to 15 000 hp, maximal speed was 25kts, full displacement was 1690-1775t. - 1 x 1 - 102/45, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (110 DCs for 4 DCT and 2 DCR)

(1 - 4/1942), Winchelsea: 1 boiler was removed, fuel stowage rose up to 445t, engine power decreased to 15 000hp, maximal speed was 25kts, full displacement was 1690-1775t; - 1 x 1 - 102/45, 1 x 3 - 533 TT; + 6 DCT, 1 DCR (140 DCs for 8 DCT and 2 DCR totally)

1942, Woolston, Wolsey, Westminster, Winchester, Wolfhound: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1942, Westcott, Winchelsea: - 1 x 1 - 102/45, type 124 or type 127 sonar; + 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, type 144 sonar

1942, Wrestler, Warwick, Walker: - 1 x 1 - 76/40

1943 - 1944, Walpole, Windsor: - 2 x 1 - 102/45; + 1 x 2 - 57/47 6pdr 10cwt QF Mk I, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV (20 DC totally)

1943 - 1944, many: - type 286/M/P radar; + type 291 radar

(1 - 5/1943), Walker; (1/1943 - 5/1943), Warwick; (1 - 5/1943), Wrestler: 1 boiler was removed, fuel stowage rose up to 445t, engine power decreased to 15 000hp, maximal speed was 25kts, full displacement was 1690-1775t; - 2 x 1 - 102/45, 2 x 1 - 40/39, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, type 124 or type 127 sonar; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (110 DCs for 4 DCT and 2 DCR), type 144 sonar

(4 - 8/1943), Watcman:1 boiler was removed, fuel stowage rose up to 445t, engine power decreased to 15 000hp, maximal speed was 25kts, full displacement was 1690-1775t; - 2 x 1 - 102/45, 2 x 1 - 40/39, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, type 124 or type 127 sonar; + 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II/V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (110 DCs for 4 DCT and 2 DCR), type 144 sonar

1943 - 1944, Westcott, Winchelsea: - 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

to 1945, Westcott, Winchelsea, Walker, Watchman: + 1 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

to 1945, Woolston, Wolsey, Westminster, Winchester, Wolfhound: DCs stowage rose up to 30 - 45 pcs, full displacement was 1665-1710t, fuel stowage decreased to 325t.

1/1946, Walker: 2 x 1 - 102/45 CP Mk II, 5 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (110), type 271, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

1/1946, Winchester: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45), type 271, type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Westcott: 2 x 1 - 102/45 CP Mk II, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 5 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog ASWRL, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (110), type 271, type 291 radars, type 144 sonar

1/1946, Westminster: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45), type 271, type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Wolfhound: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45), type 271, type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Windsor: 2 x 1 - 102/45 CP Mk II, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 1 x 2 - 57/47 Mk I, 3 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 1 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (33), type 271, type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Wolsey: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45), type 271, type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Woolston: 2 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 DCT, 1 DCR (45), type 271, type 291 radars, type 124 or type 127 sonar

Naval service


Walrus stranded in Filey Bay 12/2/1938 and stricken as CTL. During evacuation from France 2 destroyers were lost under air strikes: Whitley (German Ju 88 bombers 19/5/1940 at Newport) and Wessex (German Do 17 torpedo bomber 24/5/1940 at Calais. Wakeful was torpedoed 29/5/1940 by German MTB S30 in 13nm N of Newport and  capsized. Whirlwind was torpedoed 5/7/1940 by German submarine U34 off Southern coast of Ireland. During evacuation from Greece Wryneck was sunk 27/4/1941 by German Ju 88 bombers at Peloponnese. Waterhen 29/6/1941 was badly damaged by Italian Ju 87 bombers at Tobruk and 30/6/1941 sunk under tow N of Es-Sallum. Voyager 23/9/1942 ran aground as a result of a navigational mistake S of Timor and abandoned. Warwick 20/2/1944 was sunk by a torpedo from German submarine U413 in La Manche. Wolfhound was badly damaged 3/9/1941 by German aircraft and broken apart. The stern was towed off to port, repair lasted 18 months. Wrestler was badly damaged having mined off Normandy 6/6/1944. Walpole was badly damaged by a mine in the North Sea 6/1/1945. Both ships were never repaired.