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UNITED KINGDOM
TORPEDO SHIPS
"S" destroyers (SIMOOM) (67(2), 1918 - 1924)


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Tilbury

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate Modification
Simoom G44   John Brown, Clydebank 5/1917 26/1/1918 3/1918 BU 1/1931 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Scimitar G41, H21   John Brown, Clydebank 5/1917 27/2/1918 4/1918 BU 6/1947 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Tribune F9A   White, Cowes 8/1917 28/3/1918 7/1918 BU 12/1931 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Scotsman G30   John Brown, Clydebank 12/1917 30/3/1918 6/1918 BU 7/1937 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Senator G36, D44   Denny, Dumbarton 8/1917 2/4/1918 6/1918 BU 9/1936 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Trinidad G38   White, Cowes 9/1917 8/4/1918 9/1918 BU 3/1932 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Shark FA1   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 9/4/1918 7/1918 BU 2/1931 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Scout G35, H51   John Brown, Clydebank 10/1917 27/4/1918 6/1918 BU 3/1946 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Sikh H94, D68   Fairfield, Govan 1917 7/5/1918 6/1918 BU 7/1927 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Sparrowhawk G53   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 14/5/1918 9/1918 BU 2/1931 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Sepoy G26   Denny, Dumbarton 8/1917 22/5/1918 8/1918 BU 7/1932 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Success (6/1919- RAN) F1A   Doxford, Pallion 1918 29/6/1918 4/1919 BU 6/1937 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Sirdar G27   Fairfield, Govan 1917 6/7/1918 9/1918 BU 5/1934 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Seraph G60   Denny, Dumbarton 10/1917 8/7/1918 12/1918 BU 5/1934 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Splendid G57   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 10/7/1918 10/1918 BU 1/1931 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Swallow F73   Scotts, Greenock 1917 1/8/1918 9/1918 BU 9/1936 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Steadfast F99   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 8/8/1918 3/1919 BU 7/1934 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Shamrock F50   Doxford, Pallion 1918 26/8/1918 1919 BU 11/1936 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Somme G52   Fairfield, Govan 1917 10/9/1918 11/1918 BU 8/1932 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Sabre G56, H18   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1917 23/9/1918 11/1918 BU 11/1945 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Sterling (ex-Stirling) FA3   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 8/10/1918 3/1919 BU 8/1932 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Swordsman (6/1919- RAN) F3A   Scotts, Greenock 1918 28/12/1918 3/1919 BU 6/1937 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Saladin F0A, H54   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1917 17/2/1919 4/1919 BU 6/1947 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Shikari D85   Doxford, Pallion / Chatham DYd 1/1918 14/7/1919 3/1924 BU 11/1945 1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Speedy G35   Thornycroft, Woolston 5/1917 1/6/1918 8/1918 collision 24/9/1922 Thornycroft specials
Tobago G61   Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1917 15/7/1918 10/1918 CTL 12/11/1920, BU 2/1922 Thornycroft specials
Toreador, 3/1928- Vancouver (3/1928- RCN) F6A   Thornycroft, Woolston 11/1917 7/12/1918 4/1919 BU 1937 Thornycroft specials
Torbay, 3/1928- Champlain (3/1928- RCN) F35   Thornycroft, Woolston 11/1917 6/3/1919 7/1919 BU 1937 Thornycroft specials
Tourmaline D83   Thornycroft, Woolston 1/1918 12/4/1919 12/1919 BU 11/1931 Thornycroft specials
Torch G33   Yarrow, Scotstoun 4/1917 16/3/1918 5/1918 BU 11/1929 Yarrow specials
Tomahawk G34   Yarrow, Scotstoun 4/1917 11/5/1918 7/1918 BU 6/1928 Yarrow specials
Tryphon G42   Yarrow, Scotstoun 4/1917 22/6/1918 9/1918 ran aground 4/5/1919, BU 9/1920 Yarrow specials
Tumult G58   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 17/9/1918 12/1918 BU 10/1928 Yarrow specials
Turquoise G22   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 9/11/1918 3/1919 BU 1/1932 Yarrow specials
Tuscan FA5   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 1/3/1919 6/1919 BU 8/1932 Yarrow specials
Tyrian D84   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 2/7/1919 1919 BU 2/1930 Yarrow specials
Scythe G32   John Brown, Clydebank 1/1918 25/4/1918 7/1918 BU 11/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tilbury G37   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 3/6/1918 9/1918 BU 2/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Seabear G29   John Brown, Clydebank 12/1917 6/7/1918 9/1918 BU 2/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Trojan G66   White, Cowes 1/1918 20/7/1918 12/1918 BU 9/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tactician G54   Beardmore, Dalmuir 11/1917 7/8/1918 10/1918 BU 2/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tintagel G51   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 9/8/1918 12/1918 BU 3/1932 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Seafire G68   John Brown, Clydebank 2/1917 10/8/1918 11/1918 BU 9/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Searcher G72   John Brown, Clydebank 3/1917 11/9/1918 11/1918 BU 3/1938 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Serapis F21   Denny, Dumbarton 12/1917 17/9/1918 3/1919 BU 1/1934 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Truant G23   White, Cowes 2/1918 18/9/1918 3/1919 BU 11/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Sportive G48   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 19/9/1918 12/1918 BU 9/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tara G62   Beardmore, Dalmuir 11/1917 12/10/1918 12/1918 BU 12/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tenedos FA4, H04   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 12/1917 21/10/1918 6/1919 sunk 5/4/1942 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Stalwart (6/1919- RAN) F4A   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 4/1918 23/10/1918 12/1918 BU 6/1937 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Seawolf G47   John Brown, Clydebank 4/1918 2/11/1918 1/1919 BU 2/1931 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Thanet G24, H29   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 12/1917 5/11/1918 8/1919 sunk 27/1/1942 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Trusty FA2   White, Cowes 4/1918 6/11/1918 5/1919 BU 9/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Spear G55   Fairfield, Govan 1917 9/11/1918 12/1918 BU 7/1926 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Strenuous G64   Scotts, Greenock 1918 9/11/1918 1/1919 BU 8/1932 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tasmania (6/1919- RAN) G97   Beardmore, Dalmuir 12/1917 22/11/1918 1/1919 BU 6/1937 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Serene F7A   Denny, Dumbarton 2/1918 30/11/1918 4/1919 BU 9/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Tattoo (6/1919- RAN) F2A   Beardmore, Dalmuir 12/1917 28/12/1918 1/1919 BU 1/1937 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Sesame F5A   Denny, Dumbarton 3/1918 30/12/1918 3/1919 BU 5/1934 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Spindrift G21   Fairfield, Govan 1918 30/12/1918 4/1919 BU 7/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Stonehenge G09   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 19/3/1919 9/1919 wrecked 6/11/1920 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Stronghold FA8, H50   Scotts, Greenock 3/1918 6/5/1919 7/1919 sunk 4/3/1942 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Sardonyx F34, H26   A. Stephens, Linthouse 3/1918 27/5/1919 7/1919 BU 10/1945 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Turbulent F55, D92   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 11/1917 29/5/1919 1919 BU 8/1936 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Stormcloud D89   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 30/5/1919 12/1919 BU 7/1934 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Sturdy F96, H28   Scotts, Greenock 3/1918 26/6/1919 10/1919 wrecked 30/10/1940 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Thracian GA4, D86   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 1/1918 5/3/1920 4/1922 wrecked 16/12/1941, later Japanese 第101号哨戒艇 <101-go> 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Saturn     A. Stephens, Linthouse 1918 --- --- cancelled 1919 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Sycamore     A. Stephens, Linthouse 1918 --- --- cancelled 1919 2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

Admiralty design: 1075

Thornycroft specials: 1087

Yarrow specials: 930

Displacement full, t

Admiralty design: 1225

Thornycroft specials: 1240

Yarrow specials: 1060

Length, m

Admiralty design, Thornycroft specials: 84.1

Yarrow specials: 83.4

Breadth, m

Admiralty design: 8.16

Thornycroft specials: 8.34

Yarrow specials: 7.82

Draught, m

Admiralty design: 2.75

Thornycroft specials: 3.20

Yarrow specials: 3.05

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Steadfast, Sterling, Stonehenge, Stormcloud, Tilbury, Tintagel, Strenuous, Torch, Tomahawk, Tumult, Turquoise, Tuscan, Tyrian: 2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Tribune, Trinidad, Trojan, Truant, Trusty: 2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 White-Forster boilers

Power, h. p.

27000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 301

Endurance, nm(kts)

2750(15)

Armament

early Admiralty design: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

later Admiralty design, Yarrow specials: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

Thornycroft specials: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

Senator: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR, 1 airplane (Pup), flying-off platform

Complement

90



Standard scale images


<i>Sardonyx</i> 1919
Sardonyx 1919
<i>Thracian</i> 1939
Thracian 1939


Graphics


<i>Tilbury</i>
Tilbury
<i>Speedy</i>
Speedy


Project history


When it was realised that reports of new German destroyer armaments had been exaggerated the Controller suggested in February 1917 that destroyer construction should revert to Modified 'R' class. They would be cheaper, faster to build, and 2kts faster. Several improvements were incorporated after consultation with Captains (D) and the various Commands. These included the provision of more TT, a 'trawler' bow or sharply sheered forecastle and a turtleback forecastle. The original proposal for the 450mm TT was for single fixed tubes firing 'cold' torpedoes, but the Admiralty design was given training tubes, which meant that the forecastle plating had to be cut away to allow the tube to train. This made the boats very wet, for the open forecastle permitted spray to be thrown up over the bridge. In the Thornycroft design two tubes were fixed athwartships, firing through a narrow aperture, so the problem was avoided. The torpedoes were fired by the CO, who carried two trailing leads in his pockets, permitting him to fire at targets of opportunity. The Thornycroft boats also carried the forecastle gun on a raised platform, further improving seakeeping. As weight was critical in the Admiralty design it was soon realised that the weight of the single 450mm TT was too much, and the later boats were completed without them, to permit the heavier Mk.V 533mm torpedoes to be carried in the midships TT. In June 1918 Senator was fitted with an aircraft platform aft, allowing an aircraft to takeoff when the destroyer went full speed astern.     Orders were placed for 24 boats in April 1917, followed by 33 more in June, but Saturn and Sycamore were cancelled in 1919. Only 19 were completed by the Armistice. The class were completed from April 1918 to October 1919 apart from Shikari and Thracian.

Modernizations


1919, Senator: - flying-off platform and plane

1930s, many survived: + type 124 or type 127 sonar

1938-1939, Stronghold, Sturdy, Thracian: - 1 x 1 - 102/40, 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + rails for 40 mines

late 1939, Scimitar: magnetic sweeps were tested (temporarily, to early 1940)

late 1940-early 1941, Sabre, Saladin, Shikari, Sardonyx, Scimitar, Scout: - 2 x 1 - 102/40, 1 x 1 - 40/39, 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II/V, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 6 DCT, 1 DCR (70 DCs totally)

late 1941-early 1942, Sabre, Saladin, Shikari, Sardonyx, Scimitar, Scout: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941-1942, most survived: + type 286 radar

1942-1943, Shikari: + type 271 radar

late 1942-early 1943, Sabre, Saladin, Sardonyx: - 4 DCT; full displacement was 1400t

late 1942-early 1943, Shikari: - 1 x 1 - 76/40, 4 DCT (40 DCT totally); full displacement was 1385t

1943 - 1944, many survived: - type 286 radar; + type 291 radar

1/1946, Scimitar: 1 x 1 - 102/40 CP Mk III, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (70), type 291 radar, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Scout: 1 x 1 - 102/40 CP Mk III, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (70), type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Saladin: 1 x 1 - 102/40 CP Mk III, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70), type 124 or type 127 sonar

Naval service


Speedy collided with merchant vessel in Sea of Marmara 24/9/1922. Tobago was stricken by Russian mine in Black sea 12/11/1920 and written off as constructive total loss. Tryphon stranded in Mediterranean 4/5/1919, declared as CTL and sold for scrap on Malta in September, 1920. Stonehendge wrecked near Smyrna 6/11/1920. Sturdy 30/10/1940 wrecked on rocks W of Scotland when escorting convoy. Thracian 24/12/1941 was badly damaged by Japanese aircraft at Hong Kong, ran aground, soon captured by enemy. Subsequently she was repaired commissioned by Japanese Navy 25/11/1942 as "Patrol No101". In September, 1945 she was returned to Britain but not entered Fleet list and handed over on BU. Thanet was sunk by Japanese cruisers Sendai and Yubari and destroyers Asagiri and Fubuki 27/1/1942 at coast of Malaya. Stronghold was sunk by Japanese cruiser Maya and destroyers Arashi and Nowake S of Java 2/3/1942. Tenedos was sunk by Japanese carrier bombers D3A1 at Colombo 5/4/1942.