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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

YORK heavy cruiser (1930)

York 1941

York 1941

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
York 90 967 Palmers, Jarrow 16/5/1927 17/7/1928 1/5/1930 abandoned 22/5/1941

 

 

 

Displacement standard, t

8250

Displacement full, t

10350

Length, m

164.6 pp 175.3 oa

Breadth, m

17.4

Draught, m

6.17 deep load

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kn

32.3

Fuel, t

oil 1900

Endurance, nm(kts) 10000(14)
Armour, mm

box protection to magazines: 102 - 25, belt: 76, bulkheads: 89, barbettes: 25, turrets: 25, deck: 38 - 25

Armament

3 x 2 - 203/50 BL Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

623

Ship project history: York and Exeter were ordered under 1926 (York) and 1927 (Exeter) programs. Last Washington cruisers built for Royal Navy. They were moderated version of Norfolk class with three turrets and improved protection. Having practically identical technical data, York and Exeter, appreciably differed outwardly: York with the pitched masts and funnels looked much more elegant angular Exeter.

Protection: There was 76mm armoured belt 4.0m in height  protected machinery spaces. It was closed by 89mm bulkheads (there was 64mm armour on 25mm plating). Magazines were protected by 111 (102mm armour on 9mm plating)mm sides, 76mm transverse bulkheads and 76mm platform deck. Armoured deck over machinery and steering gear was 38mm thick (25mm armour on 13mm plating).

Modernizations: 1932: + 1 catapult E-I-T, 1 Fairey IIIF seaplane (replaced by Walrus 1937)

10/1933: - 2 x 1 - 40/39

1935: + 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

1939: - 4 x 1 - 47/40, 1 catapult; + 1 catapult S-II-H

early 1941: + (2 - 3) x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

Naval service: York was hit by Italian explosive boat from destroyer Quintino Sella or Francesco Crispi 26/3/1941 and beached at Suda Bay (Crete). Ship was completely wrecked by German Ju 87 diving bombers over a period till 22/5/1941. Wreck was scrapped in 1952.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14