home

fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

GLOUCESTER light cruisers (1938 - 1939)

nearly sister-ship Southampton 1940

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Gloucester 62   Devonport DYd 22/9/1936 19/10/1937 31/1/1939 sunk 22/5/1941
Liverpool 11 - C11 658 Fairfield, Govan 17/2/1936 24/3/1937 2/11/1938 sold for BU 1958
Manchester 15 607 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 28/3/1936 12/4/1937 4/8/1938 sunk 13/8/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

9400

Displacement full, t

11650 (later 12330)

Length, m

170.1 pp 180.3 oa

Breadth, m

19.0

Draught, m

6.27 deep load (later 6.55)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

82500

Max speed, kn

32.3

Fuel, t

oil 1950 - 2100

Endurance, nm(kts) 12100(12)
Armour, mm

box protection to magazines: 114 - 25, belt: 114, bulkheads: 64, barbettes: 51 - 25, turrets: 102 - 51, deck: 51 - 32

Armament

4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 3 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox), 1 catapult D-I-H

Complement

748

Ship project history: Design of Southampton was formed as the answer on Japanese Mogami with 15 155mm guns. Starting point for designing was design of Phaeton increased for placing of triple turrets instead of the twin. There was a transverse catapult between funnels and 2 hangars abreast fore funnel. The antiaircraft armament was strengthened: placing of the twin 102mm guns and quadruple 40mm pompoms was originally provided. New triple turrets were well automated and theoretically ensured firing rate 12 shots per minute (really almost in 2 times less). Protection in comparison with predecessors, was increased: both a belt length and thickness. Thus the symbolical 25mm protection of turrets became an obvious discord. This lack have corrected by three ships of 2nd group which have received turrets with 102mm armour. Displacement gain has made 300t and all additional weight placed above a waterline. Hull breadth have increased to keep stability but speed at the expense of more powerful machinery even has increased.

Protection: 114mm armoured belt protected machinery spaces, AA magazines and Combat Control Centre and extended to upper deck abreast boiler rooms and fore engine room and to main deck abreast aft engine room, CCC and magazines. Belt was closed by 64mm bulkheads. Armoured deck extended from "A" barbette to steering gear compartment and was 38-32mm thick (32mm with 38mm slopes over steering gear and 51mm over magazines). Gloucester only had 51mm deck over machinery. Magazines were covered by 114mm bulkheads and 51mm crowns. Turrets had 102mm face armour and 51mm roofs.

Modernizations: 1939, all: - 4 x 1 - 47/40

11/1940, Manchester: + type 286 radar

early 1941, Liverpool: - 2 x 4 - 40/39, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

3/1941, Manchester: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 1 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk I, 5 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

late 1941, Liverpool: + 9 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

early 1942, Manchester: - type 286 radar; + 3 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 279, 282, 284, 285 radars

2/1942, Liverpool: + 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, type 273, 281, 282, 284, 285 radars

7/1945, Liverpool: - 1 x 3 - 152/50 ("X"), 2 x 1 - 20/70, catapult with seaplanes, type 273, 281, 284 radars; + 4 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 274, 277, 279B, 283, 293 radars

1/1946, Liverpool: 3 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 6 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 6 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 7 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Naval service: Southampton was damaged by two or three 250kg bombs at Malta 11/1/1941, she was sunk by escort. Glasgow was damaged by two aircraft torpedoes 3/12/1940 and temporarily repaired in January 1941. Full repair lasted from May till October, 1942. Newcastle was damaged by torpedo 15/6/1942 and was under repair till March, 1943. Birmingham was damaged by torpedo 28/11/1943 and was under repair till January, 1945. Sheffield was damaged by a mine 4/3/1942, repair lasted  4 months. Gloucester 22/5/1941 was sunk by four direct hits and three near-misses of German bombs (Ju 87 bombers) off Crete. Manchester was damaged by an aircraft torpedo 23/7/1941 and repaired till April, 1942. She was 13/8/1942 damaged by a torpedo from Italian MTBs MS16 and MS22 in the central Mediterranean and scuttled by own crew. Liverpool was damaged by an aircraft torpedo 11/10/1940, repaired till March, 1942, and again damaged by an aircraft torpedo 14/6/1942, repaired till August, 1945.

Liverpool 1950

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15