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UNITED KINGDOM
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EXETER heavy cruiser (1, 1931)


Photo



Exeter 1939

Ships


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Exeter 68   Devonport DYd 1.8.1928 18.7.1929 23.7.1931 sunk 1.3.1942


Technical data


Max speed, kts, kn

32

Displacement standard, t

8390

Displacement full, t

10490 (later about 11000)

Length, m

164.6 pp 175.3 oa

Breadth, m

17.7

Draught, m

6.17 deep load (later 6.43)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

4 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Fuel, t

oil 1900

Endurance, nm(kts)10000(14)
Armour, mm

box protection to magazines: 127 - 25, belt: 76, bulkheads: 89, barbettes: 25, turrets: 25, deck: 38 - 25

Armament

3 x 2 - 203/50 BL Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

630



Standard scale images


<i>Exeter</i> 1941
Exeter 1941


Graphics


<i>Exeter</i> 1939
Exeter 1939


Project history

Cruisers were ordered under 1926 (York) and 1927 (Exeter) Programmes. Last 'Washington' cruisers built for Royal Navy. They were moderated version of Norfolk class with three turrets and improved protection. Having practically identical technical data, York and Exeter, appreciably differed outwardly: York with the pitched masts and funnels looked much more elegant than angular Exeter.

Protection

There was 76mm armoured belt 4.0m-deep  protected machinery spaces. It was closed by 89mm bulkheads (there was 64mm armour on 25mm plating). Magazines were protected by 140 (127mm armour on 13mm plating)mm sides, 76mm transverse bulkheads and 76mm platform deck. Armoured deck over machinery and steering gear was 38mm thick (25mm armour on 13mm plating).

Modernizations

1932: + 2 catapults E-II-H, 2 Fairey IIIF seaplanes (replaced by Walrus 1937)

9/1933: - 2 x 1 - 40/39

1935: + 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

1939: - 4 x 1 - 47/40

3/1941: - 4 x 1 - 102/45; + 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 8 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, type 279 radar

Naval service

Exeter was damaged by 283mm shells in battle with German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee at La Plata 13.12.1939, repair has held about half a year. She was demolished by gunfire of Japanese cruisers Nachi and Haguro off Sumatra 1.3.1942, abandoned and when was scuttled she taken torpedo hit from destroyer Ikazuchi.

Many thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.