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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

EXETER heavy cruiser (1931)

Exeter 1941

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Exeter 68 Devonport DYd 1/8/1928 18/7/1929 23/7/1931 sunk 1/3/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

8390

Displacement full, t

10490 (later about 11000)

Length, m

164.6 pp 175.3 oa

Breadth, m

17.7

Draught, m

6.17 deep load (later 6.43)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kn

32

Fuel, t

oil 1900

Endurance, nm(kts) 10000(14)
Armour, mm

box protection to magazines: 127 - 25, belt: 76, bulkheads: 89, barbettes: 25, turrets: 25, deck: 38 - 25

Armament

3 x 2 - 203/50 BL Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

630

Ship project history: Cruisers were ordered under 1926 (York) and 1927 (Exeter) programs. Last Washington cruisers built for Royal Navy. They were moderated version of Norfolk class with three turrets and improved protection. Having practically identical technical data, York and Exeter, appreciably differed outwardly: York with the pitched masts and funnels looked much more elegant angular Exeter.

Protection: There was 76mm armoured belt 4.0m in height  protected machinery spaces. It was closed by 89mm bulkheads (there was 64mm armour on 25mm plating). Magazines were protected by 140 (127mm armour on 13mm plating)mm sides, 76mm transverse bulkheads and 76mm platform deck. Armoured deck over machinery and steering gear was 38mm thick (25mm armour on 13mm plating).

Modernizations: 1932: + 2 catapults E-II-H, 2 Fairey IIIF seaplanes (replaced by Walrus 1937)

9/1933: - 2 x 1 - 40/39

1935: + 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

1939: - 4 x 1 - 47/40

3/1941: - 4 x 1 - 102/45; + 4 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 8 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, type 279 radar

Naval service: Exeter was damaged by 283mm shells in battle with German cruiser Admiral Graf Spee at La Plata 13/12/1939, repair has held about half a year. She was demolished by gunfire of Japanese cruisers Nachi and Haguro off Sumatra 1/3/1942, abandoned and when was scuttled she taken torpedo hit from destroyer Ikazuchi.

Exeter 1939

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14