home

fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

EDINBURGH light cruisers (1939)

Edinburgh 1941

Belfast 1942

Belfast 1943

Belfast 1963

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Belfast 35 - C35 1000 Harland & Wolff, Belfast 10/12/1936 17/3/1938 3/8/1939 preserved 10/1971
Edinburgh 16 1537 Swan Hunter, Wallsend 30/12/1936 31/3/1938 6/7/1939 sunk 2/5/1942

 

Displacement standard, t

10550

Displacement full, t

13175 (Belfast later 14900)

Length, m

176.5 pp 187.0 oa

Breadth, m

19.3 (Belfast later 20.2)

Draught, m

6.48 deep load (Belfast later 7.06)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

80000

Max speed, kn

32.5

Fuel, t

oil 2250 later 1990)

Endurance, nm(kts) 12200(12)
Armour, mm

belt: 114, bulkheads: 64, turrets: 102 - 51, barbettes: 51 - 25, deck: 76 - 38

Armament

4 x 3 - 152/50 BL Mk XXIII, 6 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 4 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 x 8 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 3 aircraft (Walrus, Swordfish, Seafox), 1 catapult D-I-H

Complement

850

Ship project history: Increased variant of Gloucester class cruisers. It was supposed at early design stages to arm these ships by 16 152mm guns in quadruple turrets.  Designers have faced a number of stubborn problems during mounting design and consequently the ships began to designed with already completed triple turrets but with strengthened protection and antiaircraft arms.

Armored belt was prolonged in a bow and a stern to end turrets (it did not reach internal turrets on predecessors), armored deck became more thickn. Number of 102mm twins have increased to six  and octuple pompoms have mounted instead of the quadruple. In other aspects new cruisers differed from earlier colleagues a little, though because of transference of catapult from space between funnels forward (between the first funnel and fwd superstructure) they have gained original enough outline profile. One of lacks of these cruisers became unsuccessful arrangement of antiaircraft artillery magazines, being too far from mounts.

Protection: 114mm armoured belt extended from "A" to "Y" barbettes and to upper deck abreast boiler rooms and fore engine room and to main deck abreast aft engine room, CCC and magazines. Belt was closed by 64mm bulkheads. Armoured deck 51mm thick (51mm with 38mm slopes over steering gear and 76mm over magazines). Turrets had 102mm face armour and 51mm roofs. Barbettes had 51mm armour by sides and 25mm armour fore and aft. They were doubled over forecastle deck.

Modernizations: 1939, both: - 4 x 1 - 47/40

10/1940, Edinburgh: + type 286 radar

7/1941, Edinburgh: + 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

early 1942, Edinburgh: + type 273, 284, 285 radars

(11/1939 - 10/1942), Belfast: new bulges fitted, breadth rose to 20.2m, deep load rose to 7.06m, displacement rose to 11500/14900t, maximal speed felt to 30.5kts. There was new belt over bulges 102mm thick. - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 5 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 281, 282, 284, 285 radars

6/1943, Belfast: + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

5/1944, Belfast: - 1 x 2 - 20/70; + 6 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

5/1945, Belfast: - 2 x 2 - 102/45, 8 x 1 - 20/70, catapult with seaplanes, type 273, 281, 284 radars; + 4 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, type 268, 274, 277, 281B, 293 radars

8/1945, Belfast: - 2 x 2 - 20/70, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 5 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

1/1946, Belfast: 4 x 3 - 152/50 Mk XXII, 4 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 5 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 8 - 40/39 Mk VIA, 4 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 2 x 3 - 533 TT

1959, Belfast: - 5 x 1 - 40/60, 2 x 8 - 40/39, 4 x 4 - 40/39, 2 x 2 - 20/70, 4 x 1 - 20/70; + 6 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 4x type 903 radars

1963, Belfast: - 2 x 2 - 40/60

Naval service: Edinburgh 30/4/1942 in Arctic was damaged by two torpedoes from German submarine U456 and 2/5/1942 in battle with German destroyers has received the third torpedo hit from Z24, lost speed and was sunk by torpedo from destroyer Foresight. Belfast was badly damaged by a magnetic mine 21/11/1939 and repaired till October, 1942. Now she is stored as the museum in London.

Belfast early 1950s

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15