home

fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

DANAE light cruisers (1918-1922)

Delhi 1919

Dauntless 1940

Delhi 1943

Danae 1946

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
group 1
Dragon 19, D46 484 Scotts, Greenock 24/1/1917 29/12/1917 8/1918 to Poland 15/1/1943 (Dragon)
Danae 32, D44 914 Armstrong, Elswick 11/12/1916 26/1/1918 6/1918 to Poland 4/10/1944 - 28/9/1946 (Conrad), sold for BU 1/1948
Dauntless 71, D45 875 Palmers, Jarrow 3/1/1917 10/4/1918 11/1918 sold for BU 2/1946
group 2
Delhi 6A, D47 937 Armstrong, Elswick 29/10/1917 23/8/1918 5/1919 sold for BU 1/1948
Dunedin (RNZN 5/1924-3/1937) 96, D93 938 Armstrong, Elswick 5/11/1917 19/11/1918 9/1919 sunk 24/11/1941
Diomede (RNZN 10/1925-3/1936) 92, D92 562 Vickers, Barrow / Portsmouth DYd 3/6/1918 29/4/1919 10/1922 sold for BU 4/1946
Durban 99, D99 496 Scotts, Greenock / Devonport DYd 1/1918 29/5/1919 11/1921 scuttled as breakwater 9/6/1944
Despatch 30, D30 589 Fairfield, Govan / Chatham DYd 8/7/1918 24/9/1919 6/1922 HQ landing ship 5/1944, sold for BU 4/1946
Daedalus   955 Armstrong, Elswick 1918 --- --- cancelled 26/11/1918
Daring     Beardmore, Dalmuir 1918 --- --- cancelled 26/11/1918
Desperate     Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 1918 --- --- cancelled 26/11/1918
Dryad     Vickers, Barrow 1918 --- --- cancelled 26/11/1918

 

Displacement normal, t

4970

Displacement full, t

5870

Length, m

143.6

Breadth, m

13.9

Draught, m

5.00

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers

Dauntless, Diomede: Parsons geared steam turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

29

Fuel, t

oil 1050

Endurance, nm(kts) 5000(15)
Armour, mm

belt: 76 - 38, deck: 25, CT: 76, gun shields: 25

Armament

Danae, Dauntless, Dragon: 6 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 4 x 3 - 533 TT, flying-off platform, 1 aircraft (Camel)

Delhi, Dunedin, Durban: 6 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk I, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 4 x 3 - 533 TT

Diomede, Despatch: 6 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 4 x 3 - 533 TT

Complement

450 (469 as flagship)

Ship project history: In September 1916 three 'Improved Ceres' type were ordered, taking the original Arethusa concept to its limit. As before the hull was lengthened to enable an extra 152mm gun to be fitted in between the foremast and the fore funnel. The reason was an erroneous intelligence report which suggested that new powerful German light cruisers were planned. The result was effective but the long asymmetrical profile had nothing of the balance of the 'C classes. As beam was increased they were also able to accommodate triple TT, so gun-power was up by 20 per cent and torpedo armament by 50 per cent. In July 1917 a further three were ordered (2nd Group - Delhi, Dunedin and Durban), followed by six more in March 1918, but the last four were cancelled in November. All the second group were modified like the Capetown class, with 'trawler bows' for better seakeeping. In addition several had a conspicuous hangar abaft 'B' gun; this was later removed. Diomede had an experimental enclosed gunhouse for 'A' gun with 40 elevation. In 1920 it was proposed to complete Despatch as a royal yacht, with armament deleted and two boilers removed to reduce speed to 24kts. The forecastle deck would have been extended right aft, and the bow and stern would have been altered to resemble a yacht. Nothing came of this scheme.

By the end of 1930th all cruisers of D type were considered become outdated and were scheduled to conversion to AA ships as C type but with 114mm twin mounts. War has broken these plans.

Ship protection: Armoured belt protected ship at full length, its thickness was 76mm abreast machinery spaces (51mm armour on 25mm plating), 51mm (38mm armour on 13mm plating) aft and 38mm (25mm armour on 13mm plating) fore. Belt was closed by aft 25mm bulkhead near stern. It extended to main deck (and to upper deck abreast machinery). Machinery and steering gear were covered by 25mm deck. Magazines had additional 25mm box-shaped protection.

Modernizations: 1920s, Danae, Dragon, Dauntless: flying-off platform and hangar were removed

1920s, Diomede, Despatch: + 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V

1920s, Danae, Dauntless, Dragon, Delhi, Dunedin, Durban: - 2 x 1 - 76/45; + 3 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V

1938 - 1939, Despatch, Dunedin: - 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 2 x 4 - 12.7/62

10/1939, Danae: + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

12/1940, Dunedin: + type 286M radar

(5 - 12/1941, New York N Yd, USA), Delhi: full new armament consisted of 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 12, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV. Full displacement rose to 6500t including 200t of solid ballast.

3/1942, Delhi: + type 271, 281, 2x 282, 2x 285 radars

1942, Danae: - 1 x 1 - 102/45; + 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

3/1942, Dauntless; 7/1942, Despatch; 8/1942, Durban: + 8 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 290 radars

late 1942, Danae: - 1 x 4 - 40/39; + 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V

4/1943, Danae: - 1 x 1 - 152/45, 3 x 1 - 102/45, 4 x 1 - 40/39, 4 x 3 - 533 TT; + 1 x 2 - 102/45 QF Mk XVI, 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 291 radars

4/1943, Dauntless: - 2 x 1 - 102/45; + 2 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

4/1943, Delhi: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

6/1943, Diomede: - 1 x 1 - 102/45, 2 x 1 - 40/39; + 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 273, 290 radars

9/1943, Diomede: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

3/1944, Delhi: + 2 x 2 -20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, type 650 jammer

4/1944, Dauntless; 1944, Diomede: - 4 x 3 - 533 TT

9/1946, Danae: 5 x 1 - 152/45 CP Mk XIV, 1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk XIX, 2 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V

1/1946, Dauntless: 6 x 1 - 152/45 CP Mk XIV, 1 x 1 - 102/45 HA Mk III, 2 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 1 - 40/39 HA Mk II, 8 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III

1/1946, Delhi: 5 x 1 - 127/38 Mk 30, 2 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III

1/1946, Diomede: 6 x 1 - 152/45 CP Mk XIV, 2 x 1 - 102/45 HA Mk III, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 6 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III

1/1946, Despatch: 3 x 1 - 102/45 HA Mk III, 16 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 10 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III

 

Naval service: Dunedin was sunk 24/11/1941 by a torpedo from German submarine U124 off Brazilian coast. Delhi was damaged by German suicide boat 12/2/1945, temporarily repaired and laid up. Durban was badly damaged by Japanese aircraft at Singapore 11/2/1942, repair lasted more than a year, later she was scuttled as breakwater at Arromanche (Normandy) 9/6/1944. Despatch was reconstructed as HQ landing ship 5/1944. All 152mm guns and TTs was removed, 16 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors and 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon were added. She served in Normandy landing.

Danae 1918

 

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15