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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

CENTAUR light cruisers (1916)

Centaur 1916

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Centaur 36, 34, 10 888 Vickers, Barrow 24/1/1915 6/1/1916 8/1916 sold for BU 2/1934
Concord 2A, 46, 15 889 Vickers, Barrow 1/2/1915 1/4/1916 12/1916 sold for BU 8/1935

 

Displacement normal, t

4165

Displacement full, t

4870

Length, m

135.9

Breadth, m

12.8

Draught, m

4.10

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kts

29

Fuel, t

oil 824

Endurance, nm(kts) 2000(28)
Armour, mm

belt: 76 - 32, deck: 25, CT: 152, gun shields: 102

Armament

5 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk I, 1 x 1 - 76/23 13pdr 6cwt QF Mk V, 2 - 533 TT (beam, sub)

Complement

437

Ship project history: Although often described as ex-Turkish ships, the two Centaur class were additional units of the 1914-15 Programme to follow the Cambrian class. However to save time the builders were authorised to use two sets of machinery which had been ordered for a pair of Turkish scout cruisers, and out of this came the Centaur class. The opportunity was taken to incorporate all wartime lessons learned to date, principally the need for more 152mm guns and director control. They were given 5 152mm guns, one forward, one between foremast and fore funnel, one abaft the funnels and two superimposed aft, as in the Caroline class. They were also given a heavier tripod to take a large two-storey control top. Being the first light cruisers with an 'all-big gun armament' they were nicknamed 'Tyrwhitt's dreadnoughts' when they joined the Harwich Force. Distinguished from earlier two-funnelled cruisers by the gap between foremast and funnels.

Ship protection: Armoured belt protected ship at full length, its thickness was 76mm abreast machinery spaces (51mm armour on 25mm plating), 51mm (38mm armour on 13mm plating) aft and 38mm (25mm armour on 13mm plating) fore. Belt was closed by aft 25mm bulkhead near stern. It extended to main deck (and to upper deck abreast machinery). Machinery and steering gear were covered by 25mm deck.

Modernizations: 1917 - 1918, both: - 1 x 1 - 76/23; + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II

1925, Centaur: - 1 x 1 - 152/45

1929, Concord: - 2 x 1 - 152/45

1932, Concord: - 2 x 1 - 76/45

Naval service: Centaur was mined in June 1918, repaired till December. Concord was attached to Signal School from 11/1928.

Concord 1928

Ivan Gogin, 2014