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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY - UNITED KINGDOM

CRUISERS

CALLIOPE light cruisers (1915)

Calliope 1916

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Calliope 76,23, 78   Chatham DYd 1/1/1914 17/12/1914 6/1915 sold for BU 8/1931
Champion C8, 37, 25 472 Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 9/3/1914 29/5/1915 12/1915 sold for BU 7/1934

 

Displacement normal, t

4228

Displacement full, t

4695

Length, m

135.9

Breadth, m

12.6

Draught, m

4.50

No of shafts

Calliope: 4

Champion: 2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 6 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

Calliope: 37500

Champion: 40000

Max speed, kts

Calliope: 29.5

Champion: 29

Fuel, t

oil 805 - 895

Endurance, nm(kts) 2000(28)
Armour, mm

belt: 102 - 38, deck: 25, CT: 152, gun shields: 102

Armament

2 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 8 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V, 1 x 1 - 76/23 13pdr 6cwt QF Mk V, 4 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 2 - 533 TT (beam)

Complement

368

Ship project history: In the last two cruisers of the 1913 Programme the opportunity was taken to introduce gearing to improve the efficiency of the turbines. A 4-shaft arrangement was tried in the Calliope but the double helical type of gearing and the 2-shaft arrangement in Champion proved more successful. On trials she reached 28.2kts at 31,418shp and 29.5kts at 41,188shp, whereas the fastest direct-drive ships had only reached 29kts, at much higher revolutions. By rearranging the boilers it proved possible to reduce the funnels to two, marking the beginning of the classic 'C' class cruiser profile, with one fat fore funnel and a thinner after funnel. They were completed with the extra pair of 102mm guns on the forecastle, but in 1916-17 these gave way to a third 152mm gun. A year later a fourth 152mm was mounted on a platform abaft the funnels, and the remaining 102mm guns were removed.

Ship protection: Armoured belt protected ship at full length, its thickness was 102mm abreast machinery spaces (76mm armour on 25mm plating), 51mm (38mm armour on 13mm plating) aft and 38mm (25mm armour on 13mm plating) fore. Belt was closed by aft 25mm bulkhead near stern. It extended to main deck (and to upper deck abreast machinery). Machinery and steering gear were covered by 25mm deck.

Modernizations: 1916 - 1917, both: - 2 x 1 - 102/45; + 1 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII

1917 - 1918, Calliope: - 6 x 1 - 102/45, 1 x 1 - 76/23; + 1 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 2 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk I, 2 x 2 - 533 TT

1917 - 1918, Champion: - 6 x 1 - 102/45, 1 x 1 - 76/23; + 1 x 1 - 152/45 BL Mk XII, 1 x 1 - 102/45 QF Mk V (AA), 2 x 2 - 533 TT

1918, Calliope: + flying-off platform and 1 airplane, sweeps

1918, Champion: + winch for kite baloon

1919, Calliope: - flying-off platform and airplane

3/1920, Calliope: - 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II

1924, Champion: + 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II

1927, Champion: - 1 x 1 - 102/45, 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + 2 x 1 - 76/45 20cwt QF Mk I

Naval service: Calliope suffered severe boiler room fire 19/3/1916 but repaired before Jutland, second fire now in engine room was in October 1919, repaired till March 1920. Champion served as gunnery TS from May 1925 and was attached to Signal School in 1928.

Champion 1919

Ivan Gogin, 2014