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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

RODNEY barbette ships (1888-1889)

nearly sister-ship Benbow 1889

 

Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

1st group
Rodney     Chatham DYd 6/2/1882 8/10/1884 6/1888 sold for BU 6/1909
Howe   208 Pembroke DYd 7/6/1882 28/4/1885 8/1889 sold for BU 11/1910

2nd group

Camperdown     Portsmouth DYd 18/12/1882 24/11/1885 8/1889 submarine depot ship 10/1908
Anson   210 Pembroke DYd 24/4/1883 17/2/1886 5/1889 sold for BU 7/1909

 

Displacement normal, t

Rodney, Howe: 10300

Anson, Camperdown: 10600

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

Rodney, Howe: 99.1 pp

Anson, Camperdwon: 100.6 pp

Breadth, m

Rodney, Howe: 20.7

Anson, Camperdown: 20.9

Draught, m

8.48

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Rodney, Howe, Anson: 2 3-cyl Humphreys ICE, 12 cylindrical boilers

Camperdown: 2 3-cyl Maudslay ICE, 12 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

11500

Max speed, kts

Rodney, Howe: 17

Anson, Camperdown: 17.4

Fuel, t

coal 1200

Endurance, nm(kts)

Rodney, Howe: 7200(10)

Anson, Camperdown: 7100(10)

Armour, mm

Rodney, Howe: compound; belt: 457 - 203 with 178mm wood backing, bulkheads: 406 - 178, barbettes: 292 - 254, decks: 76 - 64, CT: 305 - 51

Anson, Camperdown: compound; belt: 457 - 203 with 178mm wood backing, bulkheads: 406 - 178, barbettes: 356 - 305, decks: 76 - 64, CT: 305 - 51

Armament

2 x 2 - 343/30 BL Mk I/II/III/IV, 6 x 1 - 152/26 BL Mk IV/VI, 12 x 1 - 57/40 6pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 10 x 1 - 47/40 3pdr Hotchkiss Mk I, 5 - 356 TT (1 bow, 4 beam)

Complement

530

Ship project history: Repeats of Collingwood with 343mm 67t guns instead of 305mm 45t. Howe and Rodeny were 800t heavier than the prototype, drawing 0.5m more, which increased the immersion of the belt armour. So Anson and Camperdown were further modified to include heavier barbette armour, a 3m longer belt and increased length and beam to maintain draught and prevent any further immersion of the belt. The machinery power was increased to keep maximal speed.  Ships made 16kts with 7500hp with natural draught and 16.9 - 17.4kts with forced draught.

    Completion of ships was late because of delays in guns production.

Ship protection: Ships had fixed, pear-shaped barbettes 15.3m long and 13.7m wide, each having 292mm (first pair) or 356mm (second pair) sloping sides, 254mm (first pair) or 305mm (second pair) rear and 76mm floor giving protection to turntable, crew, training and loading gear. The top of the barbette was covered with bullet-proof plating. A trunk of 305-254mm thickness, between the rear of the barbette and the top of the citadel, protected the ammunition supply.  On account of weight considerations, and because the citadel was reduced to 457mm belt, 45.8m long by 2.3m deep, closed at the ends by 406mm bulkheads and covered by 76mm deck. The belt extended to 1.5m below the waterline and tapered over the lower 1.1m to 203mm at the lower edge, bulkheads being 178mm at the lower edge. The lower deck was 64mm thick outside the citadel, the area between this and main deck being extensively subdivided and employed for coal bunkers and stores. The coal stowage inside and outside the citadel was arranged to provide additional protection, but cork compartments were not included, although the ship was fitted with anti-rolling tanks. 152mm guns were unprotected except for splinter plating and 152mm armour screens at the ends of the superstructure as a defence against raking fire.

Modernizations: 1896-1897, all: - 6 x 1 - 152/26; + 6 x 1 - 152/27 QFC Mk I/IV / I/VI / II/IV / II/VI / III/IV / III/VI

1896-1897, Howe, Anson, Camperdown: a tall signal mast was fitted between the forefunnel and bridge.

Naval service: Howe ran aground on Ferrol Rock 2/11/1892 and sunk, she was salvaged in 1893 and repaired. 22/6/1893 Camperdown accidentally rammed and sank Victoria, and herself came close to capsizing on account of the subsequent flooding of the forward compartments.

    Camperdown was removed from Effective List in 1908 and stationed as submarine depot ship, she was sold for BU 11/7/1911. Howe was in reserve since 1908 until sold 10/11/1910. Rodney was in Chatham Special Reserve from July 1906 until sold 16/6/1909.

Camperdown

Thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.

© Ivan Gogin, 2008-14