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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

LION battleships

Lion, 1938 design

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Lion 16 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 4/7/1939 --- --- suspended 10/1939, cancelled 1945
Temeraire 1045 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 1/6/1939 --- --- suspended 10/1939, cancelled 1945
Conqueror   John Brown, Clydebank --- --- --- suspended 10/1939, cancelled 1945
Thunderer   Fairfield, Govan --- --- --- suspended 1942, cancelled 1945

 

Displacement standard, t

40550

Displacement full, t

46300

Length, m

225.6 pp 239.3 oa

Breadth, m

31.7

Draught, m

9.14 (10.21 deep load)

No of shafts

4

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 8 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

130000

Max speed, kts

30

Fuel, t

3720 oil

Endurance, nm(kts 14000(10)

Armour, mm

main belt: 381 (330 - 279 at ship ends), bulkheads: 305 - 254, barbettes: 374 - 325, turrets: 374 (face) - 254 (sides) - 229 (rear) - 152 (roof), CT: 114 - 76 (sides) - 51 (roof), secondary gunhouses: 38 - 25, main deck: 152 + 37 over magazines, 125 over machinery, lower deck: 127 - 63 fore and 127 - 114 aft

Armament

3 x 3 - 406/45 BL Mk II or Mk III, 8 x 2 - 133/50 QF Mk I, 6 x 8 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 1 catapult D-III-H, 2 seaplanes (Walrus, Swordfish)

Sensors

not known

Complement

1680 as flagship

Ship project history: Britain has appeared unique seapower, till the end met the conditions of London Treaty and as a result received King George Vs, battleships with the least possible guns. A situation may been correct by the ships of the 1938 programme, Lion class. Their main guns reached the resolved 406mm, however displacement, on political grounds, have limited by 40000t. As a whole under the project these ships repeated the predecessors, being only on 12m more long and outwardly differing by a transom stern.
 
    Alas, Admiralty was late: it had time to laid down 2 ships under the 1938 programme, but the beginning of war has forced to refuse building; ships, at the best, could be ready only in 1944. Two more ships of 1939 programme were ordered, but works on them did not start.

Protection:  External 381mm main belt was 132m in length, it protected citadel between end barbettes. Lower strike of belt was 155.6m long and 381-140mm thick. Thickness of bulkheads was 305mm (near center line) - 254mm (near sides) over main deck and 51mm under main deck.

    Flat main deck within citadel was 152mm over magazines and 127mm over machinery, it connected with upper edge of main belt. There was a lower deck outside citadel, connected with upper edge of lengthened parts of lower belt strike. It extended fore up to first water-proof bulkhead in 3.7m from stem and has thickness 127-64mm; its aft part was 114mm thick (127mm over steering gear), closed by 102mm bulkhead. Magazines had additional 51-37mm splinter screens, covering magazines from all directions.

    Barbettes were 305mm thick at center line. Its thickness increased up to 338 ("B") - 374mm ("A" and "Y") abeam. Secondary gunhouses had 38mm faces and 25mm roofs.

    Last longitudinal bulkhead was 44mm thick, underwater protection deep was 4.4m maximally.

Ivan Gogin, 2008-14