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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
SHIPS-OF-THE-LINE, CAPITAL SHIPS, MONITORS
DEFENCE broadside ironclads (2, 1862)


Photo



Defence after 1866

Ships


Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Defence   92 Palmers, Jarrow 14/12/1859 24/4/1861 12/2/1862 floating workshop 1890
Resistance     Westwood & Baillie, Millwall 21/12/1859 11/4/1861 5/10/1862 target 1885


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

Defence: 6150

Resistance: 6070

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

85.3 pp 92.0 oa

Breadth, m

16.5

Draught, m

7.62

No of shafts

1 (hoisting)

Machinery

sails + 1 2-cyl HSE, trunk, 4 rectangular boilers

Power, h. p.

Defence: 2537

Resistance: 2428

Max speed, kts

Defence: 11.6

Resistance: 11.8

Fuel, t

coal 460

Endurance, nm(kts)1200
Armour, mmiron; belt: 114 with 457mm wood backing, bulkheads: 114
Armament

Defence: 8 x 1 - 183/17 110pdr 82cwt BL, 4 x 1 - 121/21 40pdr 35cwt BL, 10 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt SBML

Resistance: 6 x 1 - 183/17 110pdr 82cwt BL, 10 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt SBML, 2 x 1 - 161/15 32pdr 42cwt SBML

Complement

450



Graphics


<i>Defence </i> after 1866
Defence after 1866


Ship project history


This pair of ships was provided under the 1859 Programme. Ships were classified as frigates being smaller editions of Warrior. They were inferior to them in all respects except manoeuvrability. Designed 10.75kts speed was exceeded by both ships. Ships received a ram bow instead clipper one on Warrior class. Designed armament consisted of 18 68pdr SB and 4 40pdr BL guns but ships were completed with more modern artillery.

Ships were barque-rigged, sail area was 2280m2. Defence received ship rig in 1864 but during refit in 1868 received barque rig again. Ships could make 10.5kts under sail and handled well, except in a beam sea. Both were fitted with lifting screws.

Ship protection


Armour belt amidships was 42.7m long, ship ends and steering gear were unprotected. 10 68pdr and 4 110pdr guns were protected by armour, after rearming soon after completion, 2 203mm and 8 178mm guns were behind armour.

Modernizations


(1866-1868), Resistance; (1866-1869), Defence: were completely rearmed with 2 x 1 - 203/15 MLR Mk III, 14 x 1 - 178/16 MLR Mk III

Naval service


Defence ended her seagoing service in 1885, in 1898 she was converted to TS and renamed Indus. In 1922 she was hulked and sold for BU in 1935. Resistance did not went to sea since 1880. She was used as target for gunnery and torpedo experiments in 1885 and sold in November 1898. Wreck foundered 4/3/1899 at Holyhead Bay, later raised and BU in 1900.

Thanks to Wolfgang Stöhr for additional information on this page.