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FIGHTING SHIPS OF THE WORLD
UNITED KINGDOM
SHIPS-OF-THE-LINE, CAPITAL SHIPS, MONITORS
ABYSSINIA coast defence monitor (1, 1870)


Ships


Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Abyssinia (RIM)     Dudgeon, Poplar 23/7/1868 19/2/1870 10/1870 sold to BU 1/1903


Technical data


Displacement normal, t

2901

Displacement full, t 
Length, m

68.6 pp

Breadth, m

12.8

Draught, m

4.45

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 2-cyl DSE return connecting rod, boilers

Power, h. p.

1200

Max speed, kts

9.6

Fuel, t

coal 92

Endurance, nm(kts) 
Armour, mm

iron; belt: 178 - 152 with 279 - 229mm wood backing, breastwork: 203 - 178, turrets: 254 - 203, decks: 38 - 25

Armament

2 x 2 - 254/15 MLR Mk I/II

Complement

100



Ship project history


Smaller and cheaper edition of Cerberus, intended to serve as coast defence ship at Bombay with Magdala. Compared with the previous class she had less freeboard and speed, and 25mm reduction in armour thickness on the belt amidships, breastwork and turret walls. The breastwork served to keep the turrets, hatchways, vents and funnels, comparatively clear of the water, making the ships more practical in a seaway the the low freeboard contemporary ships of the US Navy. A CT was fitted forward of the funnel.

Ship protection


The hull was protected by 178mm belt reducing to 152mm at the ends, and the turrets were raised on a central armoured breastwork 203mm at the ends and 178mm amidships. Turrets had 254mm faces and 203mm walls.

Modernizations


1892: - 2 x 2 - 254/15; + 2 x 2 - 203/30 BL Mk VI

Naval service


Abyssinia made the passage to Bombay under her own power where she remained until sold.