home

fighting ships of the world

SPANISH NAVY (SPAIN)

MINE WARFARE SHIPS AND CRAFTS

JÚPITER minelayers (1937-1939)

Júpiter 1945

Júpiter 1965

Marte 1965

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Marte F01 SECN, Ferrol 11/1935 19/6/1936 11/1938 stricken 12/1971
Neptuno F02 SECN, Ferrol 11/1935 19/12/1937 11/1939 stricken 2/1972
Júpiter F11 SECN, Ferrol 2/1935 14/9/1935 3/1937 stricken 11/1974
Vulcano F12 SECN, Ferrol 2/1935 12/10/1935 8/1937 stricken 3/1977

  

Displacement standard, t

2100

Displacement full, t

2600

Length, m

96.0

Breadth, m

12.7

Draught, m

3.50

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

10000

Max speed, kts

18.5

Fuel, t

oil 280

Endurance, nm(kts)

3700(12)

Armament

Júpiter: 2 x 1 - 105/42 SK L/45, 2 x 1 - 76/40 Ansaldo 1917, 3 x 1 - 40/39 Vickers-Terni 1915, 264 mines, 2 DCR

Vulcano: 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 2 x 1 - 88/42 SK L/45, 3 x 1 - 20/65 C/30, 264 mines, 2 DCR

Marte, Neptuno: 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 2 x 1 - 76/40 Ansaldo 1917, 3 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 264 mines, 2 DCR

Complement

180

Ship project history: Strongly armed purpose-built gunboats-minelayers, built under the law from 27/3/1934. First Spanish combat ships constructed using welding, with machinery using high parameters steam (25atm, 310°C). Mines were carried on closed mine deck, loaded through 4 sideports and laid from rails through 4 stern ports. For the financial reasons building of ships was delayed, and by July, 1936 they all were outfitted by builder in El Ferrol where they passed to Nationalists. Júpiter class minelayers appeared successful and very valuable multipurpose ships actively used by Nationalists. In 1958-1961 Júpiter and Vulcano were converted to ASW frigates with modern American armament and electronics. All were rated as frigates in 1961.

Modernizations: 2/1938, Júpiter: - 2 x 1 - 105/42, 3 x 1 - 40/39; + 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 3 x 1 - 20/65 C/38

10/1960, Júpiter; 2/1961, Vulcano: were armed with 4 x 1 - 76/50 Mk 34, 4 x 1 - 40/70 SP48, 2 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 11 ASWRL, 8 DCT, 2 DCR, 254 (Júpiter) or 238 (Vulcano) mines; SPS-6 radar

late 1950s, Marte: was armed with 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 2 x 1 - 76/40 Ansaldo 1917, 3 x 1 - 37/83 Ein LC/34, 2 x 1 - 20/65 L/30, 2 DCT, 264 mines; MLA-1B and SG-6B radars

late 1950s, Neptuno: was armed with 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 2 x 2 - 37/83 Dopp LC/30, 3 x 1 - 20/65 L/30, 2 DCT, 264 mines; MLA-1B and SG-6B radars, accommodations for 51 cadets.

Naval service: No significant events.

Vulcano 1948

© Ivan Gogin, 2011-15