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fighting ships of the world

SPANISH NAVY (SPAIN)

TORPEDO SHIPS

CHURUCCA destroyers (1928-1937)

Lepanto 1936

Almirante Antequera 1936

Císcar 1939

Churucca 1960

Name No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Churucca subclass
Churucca   Larrinaga, Cadiz 1924 26/6/1925 9/1927 // --- to Argentina 5/1927 (Cervantes)
Alcalá Galiano   SECN, Cartagena 1924 2/11/1925 9/1927 // --- to Argentina 5/1927 (Juan de Garay)
Sánchez Barcáiztegui D11 SECN, Cartagena 4/1924 23/7/1926 9/1928 stricken 7/1964
Almirante Ferrándiz   SECN, Cartagena 9/1927 21/5/1928 8/1929 sunk 29/9/1936
José Luis Díez D12 SECN, Cartagena 11/1927 25/8/1928 9/1929 stricken 10/1965
Lepanto   SECN, Cartagena 7/1928 9/11/1928 8/1930 stricken 5/1957
Churucca D13 SECN, Cartagena 1/1929 20/7/1929 5/1931 stricken 10/1963
Alcalá Galiano   SECN, Cartagena 5/1929 20/12/1929 9/1931 stricken 6/1957
Almirante Valdés   SECN, Cartagena 2/1930 8/9/1930 3/1933 stricken 12/1957
Almirante Antequera subclass
Almirante Antequera D14 SECN, Cartagena 8/1930 29/12/1930 5/1935 stricken 12/1965
Almirante Miranda D15 SECN, Cartagena 1/1931 20/10/1931 7/1936 stricken 3/1970
Gravina D16 SECN, Cartagena 6/1931 24/12/1931 8/1936 stricken 10/1963
Escaño D17 SECN, Cartagena 12/1931 28/6/1932 9/1936 stricken 10/1963
Císcar   SECN, Cartagena 4/1932 25/11/1932 10/1936 wrecked 17/10/1957
Jorge Juan   SECN, Cartagena 9/1932 28/3/1933 8/1937 stricken 4/1959
Ulloa D18 SECN, Cartagena 1/1933 24/7/1933 11/1937 stricken 12/1963
  

Displacement standard, t

Churucca group: 1536

Almirante Antequera group: 1519

Displacement full, t

Churucca group: 2087

Almirante Antequera group: 2175

Length, m

Churucca group: 97.5 pp 102.0 oa

Almirante Antequera group: 97.5 pp 101.2 oa

Breadth, m

9.68

Draught, m

3.20

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Parsons geared steam turbines, 4 Yarrow boilers

Power, h. p.

42000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

Churucca group: oil 480

Almirante Antequera group: oil 540

Endurance, nm(kts)

Churucca group: 4000(14)

Almirante Antequera group: 4500(14)

Armament

Churucca group: 5 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk D, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Vickers Mk SS, 4 x 1 - 7.7/87, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR(8)

Almirante Antequera: 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Vickers Mk SS, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR(8)

Almirante Miranda: 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F, 1 x 1 - 102/50 Vickers Mk E, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Vickers Mk SS, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR(8)

Gravina: 5 x 1 - 102/50 Vickers Mk E, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Vickers Mk SS, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR(8)

Escaño, Císcar: 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk D, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Vickers Mk SS, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR(8)

Jorge Juan, Ulloa: 4 x 1 - 102/50 Vickers Mk E, 1 x 1 - 76/45 Vickers Mk SS, 2 x 3 - 533 TT, 2 DCR(8)

Complement

190

Ship project history: Project J was developed by SECN in 1921 with British assistance on the basis of construction of British Scott class leaders of WWI era. Very successful and perfect ships, Churucca class destroyers were, possibly, one of the best destroyers of the world built in 1920-1930s. Basic lacks were overload and insufficient stability owing to considerable top weight were (mainly, of armament), anti-submarine armament besides, was purely symbolical. At the same time they differed by good seaworthiness, reliable machinery and considerable endurance.
First three destroyers (Churucca, Alcalá Galiano and Sánchez Barcáiztegui) were ordered according to the program from 17/2/1915, however owing to a protraction with laying they were again authorised by the law from 11/1/1922 already under the project J. Three more ships (Almirante Ferrándiz, José Luis Díez and Lepanto) were built according to the decree from 31/3/1926. First two ships, Churucca and Alcalá Galiano in 1926 were sold to Argentina before commission, and instead of them under decree from 25/5/1927 two new destroyers with the same names were ordered and one more additional ship (Almirante Valdés). Seven ships of 2nd series (Almirante Antequera class) were authorised by decree from 30/6/1929 on the means earlier assumed to building of heavy cruiser Ferrol. Sold to Argentina Churucca (i) on 4hrs trials shown average maximum speed 37.64kts and 39.76kts with boilers forcing.
Ships of 1st series (Churucca class) had five 120mm/45 guns equipped by small shields. Destroyers of 2nd series (Almirante Antequera class) differed by increased bridge, tripod foremast, and only 4 main guns for reduction of top weight (gun no3 was removed). Ships of 2nd series should carry Vickers-Armstrong Mk F 120mm/45 guns and new massive director with 3m rangefinder (instead of 2.74m on earlier ships, but really ships received these directors already after 1939, and before they were arranged only by improvised rangefinder posts. Owing to insufficient financing after revolution of 1931 delivery of armament by San Carlos was effected extremely slowly and consequently prior to the beginning of Civil war lead ship of 2nd series Almirante Antequera (without director) was completed, and remaining six ships were partially or completely without artillery at Cartagena. Whereas San Carlos has come into the hands of Nationalists, for completion of six ships of 2nd series Republicans had to improvisate.

Modernizations: 1937, Sánchez Barcáiztegui, José Luis Díez, Lepanto, Churucca, Alcalá Galiano, Almirante Valdés: - 1 x 1 - 120/45

1938, José Luis Díez, Ulloa: + 1 x 2 - 25/60 M1938

1938, Churucca, Lepanto: + 1 x 1 - 25/60 M1938

1938, José Luis Díez: - 1 x 2 - 25/60; + 2 x 1 - 40/39 QF Mk II, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon M36

9/1938, Almirante Valdés: + 1 x 1 - 40/39 QF Mk II

late 1938, Jorge Juan, Ulloa: - 4 x 1 - 102/50; + 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk D

1939-1940, Almirante Miranda: - 1 x 1 - 102/50

1939-1940, Gravina: - 5 x 1 - 102/50; + 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F

1939-1940, Escaño, Císcar, Jorge Juan, Ulloa: - 4 x 1 - 120/45; + 4 x 1 - 120/45 Vickers-Armstrong Mk F

1943-1945, Sánchez Barcáiztegui, José Luis Díez, Lepanto, Churucca, Alcalá Galiano: - 1 x 1 - 76/45; + 2 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 4 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 4 DCT

1943-1945, Almirante Valdés, Almirante Antequera, Almirante Miranda, Gravina, Escaño, Císcar, Jorge Juan, Ulloa: + 2 x 2 - 37/80 SK C/30, 4 x 1 - 20/65 C/38, 4 DCT

Naval service: Almirante Ferrándiz was sunk 29/9/1936 in Gibraltar by Nationalists heavy cruiser Canarias. Císcar was sunk 19/10/1937 at Gijon by aircraft of Nationalists, salvaged by them 21/3/1938 and after repair at El Ferrol commissioned by National fleet 28/2/1939.
José Luis Díez
27/8/1938 in Gibraltar was damaged in battle against Nationalists heavy cruiser Canarias and was harboured at Gibraltar. At attempt to leave therefrom 30/12/1938 José Luis Díez received new damages in battle against Nationalists minelayer Vulcano and ran aground. Next day she was salvaged and towed off to Gibraltar where she was interned till the end of war and 25/3/1939 transferred to National fleet.
Alcalá Galiano
11/6/1937 was hard damaged at collision with transport Magallanes. Churucca 12/8/1937 near Cartagena was torpedoed by Italian submarine Jalea. Both these destroyers passed to Cartagena for repair, in 1938 received there additional damages as result of raids of aircraft, then disarmed and remained on shipyard up to the end of Civil war. Sánchez Barcáiztegui, being under repair at Cartagena, was seriously damaged by an air bomb 5/3/1939. Remaining 8 destroyers of this class this very day left to Bizerte where 7/3/1939 were interned by French. They were transferred to Nationalists 31/3/1939.
Ciscar
was lost on rocks at El Ferrol 17/10/1957.

Almirante Antequera 1937

José Luis Díez 1951

© Ivan Gogin, 2011-15