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fighting ships of the world

SOVIET/RUSSIAN NAVY (USSR/RUSSIA)

CRUISERS

SVERDLOV light cruisers (project 68bis) (1952 - 1955)

Sverdlov 1970

Dzerzhinskiy 1963

Admiral Nakhimov 1956

Sverdlov 1970

Sverdlov 1979

Admiral Senyavin 1979

Zhdanov 1979

Dzerzhinskiy 1979

Oktyabrskaya Revoliutsiya 1979

Zhdanov 1988

ALexandr Nevskiy 1990

Aleksandr Suvorov 1990

Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya 1990

Zhdanov 1990

Admiral Senyavin 1990

Name Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comm Fate
Свердлов <Sverdlov> 408 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 15/10/1949 5/7/1950 15/5/1952 stricken 5/1989
Жданов <Zhdanov>, 2/1989- КРУ-101 <KRU-101> 419 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 11/2/1950 27/12/1950 31/12/1952 command cruiser 12/1971, stricken 4/1990
Адмирал Ушаков <Admiral Ushakov> 420 196 Yd (Sudomekh), Leningrad 31/8/1950 29/9/1951 8/9/1953 stricken 9/1987
Александр Суворов <Aleksandr Suvorov> 436 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 26/2/1951 15/5/1952 31/12/1953 stricken 12/1989
Адмирал Сенявин <Admiral Senyavin> 437 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 31/10/1951 22/12/1952 30/11/1954 command cruiser 3/1973, stricken 5/1989
Дмитрий Пожарский <Dmitriy Pozharskiy> 445 189 Ordzhonikidze Yd, Leningrad 28/2/1952 25/6/1953 31/12/1954 stricken 3/1987
Дзержинский <Dzerzhinskiy> 374 444 Marti Yd, Nikolayev 21/12/1948 31/8/1950 18/8/1952 training cruiser 8/1961, stricken 10/1988
Адмирал Нахимов <Admiral Nakhimov> 375 444 Marti Yd, Nikolayev 27/6/1950 29/6/1951 27/3/1953 stricken 7/1960
Михаил Кутузов <Mikhail Kutuzov> 385 444 Marti Yd, Nikolayev 23/2/1951 29/11/1951 30/12/1954 stricken 8/1998
Орджоникидзе <Ordzhonikidze> 600 194 Marti Yd, Leningrad 19/10/1949 17/9/1950 18/8/1952 to Indonesia 1/1963 (Irian)
Александр Невский <Aleksandr Nevskiy> 625 194 Marti Yd, Leningrad 30/5/1950 7/6/1951 31/12/1952 stricken 5/1989
Адмирал Лазарев <Admiral Lazarev> 626 194 Marti Yd, Leningrad 6/2/1951 29/6/1952 30/12/1953 stricken 10/1986
Молотовск <Molotovsk>, 8/1957- Октябрьская Революция <Oktyabr'skaya Revoliutsiya> 301 402 Yd, Molotovsk 15/7/1952 25/5/1954 30/11/1954 stricken 9/1987
Мурманск <Murmansk> 302 402 Yd, Molotovsk 28/1/1953 24/4/1955 22/9/1955 stricken 7/1992

 

Displacement standard, t

13600

Displacement full, t

16640

Length, m

210.0

Breadth, m

21.99

Draught, m

7.38

No of shafts

2

Machinery

TV-7 geared steam turbines, 6 KV-68 boilers

Power, h. p.

110000

Max speed, kts

32.7

Fuel, t

oil

Endurance, nm(kts)

5700(17)

Armour, mm

belt: 100 - 20, bulkheads: 120 - 100, deck: 50 - 20, turrets: 175, barbettes: 130, CT: 130

Armament

Sverdlov, Ordzhonikidze: 4 x 3 - 152/59 MK-5-bis, 6 x 2 - 100/70 SM-5-1, 16 x 2 - 37/70 V-11, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 40 - 132 mines

Dzerzhinskiy, Zhdanov: 4 x 3 - 152/59 MK-5-bis, 6 x 2 - 100/70 SM-5-1, 16 x 2 - 37/70 V-11M, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 40 - 132 mines

Aleksandr Nevskiy, Admiral Nakhimov, Admiral Ushakov, Admiral Lazarev, Aleksandr Suvorov, Molotovsk, Murmansk: 4 x 3 - 152/59 MK-5-bis, 6 x 2 - 100/70 SM-5-1s, 16 x 2 - 37/70 V-11, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 40 - 132 mines

Admiral Senyavin, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Mikhail Kutuzov: 4 x 3 - 152/59 MK-5-bis, 6 x 2 - 100/70 SM-5-1s, 16 x 2 - 37/70 V-11M, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 40 - 132 mines

Sensors

Sverdlov, Ordzhonikidze, Dzerzhinskiy, Zhdanov: Rif, Giuys-2, 2x Neptun, 2x Zalp, 2x Yakor', Zaria radars, Tamir-5N sonar

Aleksandr Nevskiy, Admiral Nakhimov, Admiral Ushakov, Admiral Lazarev, Aleksandr Suvorov, Molotovsk, Admiral Senyavin, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Mikhail Kutuzov: Rif, Giuys-2, 2x Neptun, 2x Zalp, 2x Yakor'-M, Zaria radars, Tamir-5N sonar

Murmansk: Rif, Giuys-2, 2x Neptun, 2x Zalp, 2x Yakor'-M2, Zaria radars, Tamir-5N sonar

Complement

1270

Ship project history: These large light cruisers were enlarged versions of the prewar Chapaev (Project 68). They had the same machinery, main armament and side protection, but had much increased fuel capacity and introduced an all-welded hull and a new type of underwater protection (incuding a i: double bottom over 75 per cent of their length, and twenty-three watertight bulkheads). These ships had new fire control radars as well as new types of directors (stabilised SPN-500 for the 100mm guns). Their version of the MK-5 of the Chapaev class; the stabilised German-style 100mm/70 (SM-5-1) secondary mounts were new. The Zenit-68-bis AA fire control system could control both the secondary guns and 37mm light AA guns. The torpedo fire control system employed both optical rangefinders and a dedicated radar (Zarya). The Project 68bis design was formally approved on 27 May 1947, three month before the 68K version to which the Chapaevs were completed. The first three ships were named after Chapaevs abandoned incomplete in 1941: Sverdlov, Ordzhonikidze, Dzerzhinskiy.

    On trials Sverdlov made 114000shp=32.69kts and 121700shp=33.04kts. Reportedly the rated endurance of 9000nm was 1600nm above the design figure. Reportedly, too, Sverdlov came out 370t light at 13230t standard.

    The postwar ten-year plan originally called for thirty cruisers. One account of the Sverdlov claims that five were dropped in favour of the three Project 82s, but it seems more likely that the five Chapaevs counted as the first five postwar cruisers. At Stalin's death, the class was cut to twenty-one ships. After the first fifteen were laid down, the Soviet Navy ordered the remaining six (none was completed) protected against radioactive fallout as Project 68bis-ZIF. It appears that plans were soon made to convert all these ships to missile units (Protect 75). The early 1956 decision to stop construction presumably followed the October 1955 cancellation of Project 75. When work stopped, Admiral Kornilov was nearly complete, and she alone of the incomplete ships was hulked. In 1959 all the others were ordered broken up by the end of 1961.

    In appearance these ships generally resembled the Chapaev, but with their hull plating carried much further aft, with an additional pair of twin 100mm mounts near the bridge, and a taller cap to their second funnels.

Ship protection: Main 100mm belt (3.3m high) protected space between end barbettes and was closed by 120mm fore and 100mm aft bulkheads, there was thin 20mm belt between citadel and ship ends. 50mm flat main deck connected with upper edge of main belt, outside citadel it was 20mm. Steering gear compartment had 100mm sides and 20mm roof. CT had 130mm sides, 100mm roof and 30mm deck, secondary CT had 10mm protection. Main turrets had 175mm faces, 65mm sides, 60mm rears and 75mm roofs. Barbettes were protected by 130mm armour. Secondary turrets had 20mm faces, sides and rears, 10mm roofs and 20mm barbettes.

Modernizations: 1953, Dzerzhinskiy: - 2x Yakor' radars; + 2x Yakor'-M radars

1954, Admiral Nakhimov - under project 68E: - 2 x 3 - 152/59, 2 x 2 - 100/70, 2 x 2 - 37/70; + 1 x 1 KSShch SSM (1 KSS)

1954, Dzerzhinskiy: + Korall ECM suite

3/1955, Admiral Nakhimov - under project 68ER: - 1 x 1 KSShch SSM (V-8 launcher) (1 KSS); + 1 x 1 KSShch SSM (V-16 launcher) (1 KSS)

1955, Admiral Nakhimov - under project 67EP: - 1 x 1 KSShch SSM; + 1 x 1 KSShch SSM (V-16E launcher) (4 KSS)

1956, Mikhail Kutuzov; 1957, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Molotovsk: + P-8 radar

1956, Admiral Senyavin, Dzerzhinskiy, Zhdanov: + Krab ECM suite

1957, Admiral Ushakov; 1961, Dzerzhinskiy: + Krab-11 ECM suite

1957-1976, Admiral Lazarev, Admiral Ushakov, Aleksandr Nevskiy, Aleksandr Suvorov, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Mikhail Kutuzov, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya, Sverdlov: + Krab-12 ECM suite

1958-1962, all: - 2 x 5 - 533 TT, Zaria radar

1958, Aleksandr Nevskiy, Dmitriy Pozharskiy: + P-500 Kliver radar

7/1961, Sverdlov: - Rif radar; + Fut-N radar

(10/1957-8/1962), Dzerzhinskiy - under project 70E: - 1 x 3 - 152/59, 8 x 2 - 37/70, 2 x 5 - 533 TT, 2x Zalp, Zaria radars; + 1 x 2 M-2 Volkhov SAM (10 V-750), P-500 Kliver, Fut-N, MR-200 Kaktus, Razliv radars; 12970/16070t, 7.2m draught, 32kts, 7400(17)nm, compl. 1266.

1958-1967, Admiral Senyavin, Dmitriy Pozharskiy, Admiral Ushakov, Aleksandr Suvorov, Murmansk, Sverdlov: + P-10 radar

1966, Sverdlov: - Fut-N radar; + Kil'-U radar

1967, Mikhail Kutuzov; 1969, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya: - P-8 radar; + Kil'-U, P-10 radars

1969-1970, Admiral Senyavin, Aleksandr Suvorov, Dmitriy Pozharskiy: - P-10 radar; + P-12 Yenisey radar

1969-1970, Admiral Ushakov, Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya, Murmansk, Sverdlov, Mikhail Kutuzov: - P-10 radar

(4/1969-10/1970), Dmitriy Pozharskiy; (10/1966-9/1967), Mikhail Kutuzov: - 4 x 2 - 37/70

(10/1965-11/1971), Zhdanov - under project 68U1: - 1 x 3 - 152/59, Giuys-2, 2x Neptun radars; + 1 x 2 4K33 Osa-M SAM (20 9M33), 4 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, Kil', Don, 4R-33, 2x MR-104 Rys' radars, Krab-11 ECM suite, Planshet CCS; 14340/17890t, 7.8m draught, 32kts, 5800(17)nm, compl. 1083.

(12/1966-7/1972), Admiral Senyavin - under project 68U2: - 2 x 3 - 152/59, Giuys-2, Rif, 2x Neptun radars; + 1 x 2 4K33 Osa-M SAM (20 9M33), 8 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, 1 helicopter (Ka-25), Kil'-U, MR-302 Rubka, Don, 4R-33, 4x MR-104 Rys' radars, Krab-11 ECM suite, Planshet CCS; 14350/17890t, 7.8m draught, 32.4kts, 6940(18)nm, compl. 856.

1970s, Admiral Lazarev: - 6 x 2 - 37/70; + P-20 radar

(12/1972-12/1976), Oktyabrskaya Revolyutsiya; (1973-1979), Aleksandr Suvorov - under project 68A: - 4 x 2 - 37/70, Giuys-2, 2x Neptun radars; + 8 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, Kil'-U, Don, 4x MR-104 Rys' radars, Machta-P4, Machta-P10 ECM suites; 14600/18090t, 7.8m draught, 32kts, 6450(18.2)nm, compl. 1257

((5/1974-12/1978), Admiral Ushakov - under project 68A: - 4 x 2 - 37/70, Giuys-2, 2x Neptun radars; + 8 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, Kil'-U, Don, 4x MR-104 Rys' radars, Krab-11, Krab-12 ECM suites; 14600/18090t, 7.8m draught, 32kts, 6450(18.2)nm, compl. 1257

(9/1979-4/1986), Mikhail Kutuzov - under project 68A: - Giuys-2, 2x Zalp, 2x Neptun radars; + 8 x 2 - 30/71 AK-230, Kil'-U, Don, 2x Zalp-M2, 4x MR-104 Rys' radars, Machta-P4, Machta-P10 ECM suites; 14600/18090t, 7.8m draught, 32kts, 6450(18.2)nm, compl. 1257

Naval service: All were classified as light cruisers and were re-rated in June 1977 as cruisers.

Sverdlov

 

Dzerzhinskiy

Zhdanov

Admiral Senyavin

 

© Ivan Gogin, 2015