*Admiral Ushakov *2000

*Admiral Lazarev *2000

*Piotr Velikiy *2000

Name | No | Yard No | Builder | Laid down | Launched | Comm | Fate |

Project 1144 |
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Киров <Kirov>, 5/1992- Адмирал Ушаков <Admiral Ushakov> | 800 | Baltic Wks, Leningrad | 26/3/1974 | 27/12/1977 | 30/12/1980 | stricken 3/2004 | |

Project 11442 |
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Фрунзе <Frunze>, 5/1992- Адмирал Лазарев <Admiral Lazarev> | 801 | Baltic Wks, Leningrad | 26/7/1978 | 26/5/1981 | 31/10/1984 | awaiting disposal (2019) | |

Калинин <Kalinin>, 5/1992- Адмирал Нахимов <Admiral Nakhimov> | 080 | 802 | Baltic Wks, Leningrad | 17/5/1983 | 25/4/1986 | 30/12/1988 | in service (2019) |

Пётр Великий <Piotr Velikiy>
(ex-Юрий Андропов <Yuriy Andropov>) |
099 | 803 | Baltic Wks, St. Petersburg | 25/10/1986 | 29/4/1989 | 19/4/1998 | in service (2019) |

Displacement standard, t |
pr. 1144: 23750 pr. 11442: 24300 |

Displacement full, t |
pr. 1144: 25860 pr. 11442: 26396 |

Length, m |
250.1 |

Breadth, m |
28.5 |

Draught, m |
7.80 hull 10.3 max |

No of shafts |
2 |

Machinery |
CONAS: 2 GTZA-653 geared steam turbines sets, 2 KN-3 nuclear reactors + 2 KVG-2 boilers |

Power, h. p. |
90000 + 50000 = 140000 |

Max speed, kts |
31 |

Fuel, t |
nuclear + oil 1120 |

Endurance, nm(kts) |
unlimited / 1300(17) under oil-fired boilers only |

Armour, mm |
pr. 1144: SSM compartment: 100-70 sides, 70 roof, ASuM magazine: 100-70 sides, 70 roof, CT, command centre: 100-75 sides, 75 roof, hangar, aviation fuel tank, aviation magazine: 70 sides, 50 roof pr. 11442: SSM compartment: 100-70 sides, 70 roof, CT, command centre: 100-75 sides, 75 roof, hangar, aviation fuel tank, aviation magazine: 70 sides, 50 roof |

Armament |
800: 1 x 20 Granit SSM VLS (20 P-50 (3M45)), 1 x 12 S-300F Fort SAM VLS (96 V-500R (5V55RM)), 2 x 8 Kinzhal SAM VLS (128 9M330), 2 x 2 4K33 Osa-M SAM (40 9M33), 1 x 2 Metel' ASuM (10 85R), 2 x 1 - 100/59 AK-100, 8 x 6 - 30/54 AK-530M CIWS, 2 x 5 - 533 TT (10), 1 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1 Ogonyok grenade launchers, 2 -3 helicopters (2 Ka-27 or 3 Ka-25) 801: 1 x 20 Granit SSM VLS (20 P-50 (3M45)), 1 x 12 S-300F Fort SAM VLS (96 5V55RM), 1 x 8 Kinzhal SAM VLS (64 9M330), 2 x 2 4K33 Osa-M SAM (40 9M33), 10 x 1 URPK-6 Vodopad-NK ASuM (30 83R, 84R or torpedoes), 1 x 2 - 130/70 AK-130, 8 x 6 - 30/54 AK-530M CIWS, 1 x 12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1 Ogonyok grenade launchers, 2 -3 helicopters (2 Ka-27 or 3 Ka-25) 802: 1 x 20 Granit SSM VLS (20 P-50 (3M45)), 1 x 12 S-300F Fort SAM VLS (96 48N6E), 2 x 8 Kinzhal SAM VLS (128 9M330), 2 x 2 4K33 Osa-MA SAM (40 9M33A), 6 x (8 Kortik SAM + 2 x 6 - 30/54) Kortik CIWS 192 9M311), 10 x 1 URPK-6 Vodopad-NK ASuM (30 83R, 84R or torpedoes), 1 x 2 - 130/70 AK-130, 1 x 10 RKPTZ-1 Udav-1 (RBU-12000) ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1 Ogonyok grenade launchers, 2 -3 helicopters (2 Ka-27 or 3 Ka-25) 803: 1 x 20 Granit SSM VLS (20 P-50 (3M45)), 1 x 6 S-300F Fort SAM VLS (48 48N6E), 1 x 6 S-300FM Fort-M SAM VLS (48 48N6E2), 2 x 8 Kinzhal SAM VLS (128 9M330), 6 x (8 Kortik SAM + 2 x 6 - 30/54) Kortik CIWS 192 9M311), 10 x 1 URPK-6 Vodopad-NK ASuM (30 83R, 84R or torpedoes), 1 x 2 - 130/70 AK-130, 1 x 10 RKPTZ-1 Udav-1 (RBU-12000) ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1 Ogonyok grenade launchers, 2 -3 helicopters (2 Ka-27 or 3 Ka-25) |

Sensors |
800: MR-800 Flag radar suite (MR-600 Voskhod, MR-700 Fregat-M radars), 2x 3R41 Volna, 2x 3R-95, 2x 4R-33, MR-145 Lev-218-100, 4x MR-123 Vympel-A, 2x Vaygach radars, MGK-355 Polinom, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-150 Gurzuf-A, MP-152 Gurzuf-B, MR-262 Ograda, MRP-52 Koltso ECM suites, 2x PK-2M, 10x PK-10 Smely decoy RLs, Alleya-2 CCS 801: MR-800 Flag radar suite (MR-600 Voskhod, MR-700 Fregat-M radars), 2x 3R41 Volna, 3R-95, 2x 4R-33A, MR-184 Lev-218, 4x MR-123 Vympel, 2x MR-212/201 Vaygach-U radars, MGK-355 Polinom, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-503 Kantata-M, MP-407 Start-2 ECM suites, 2x PK-2M, 10x PK-10 Smely decoy RLs, Lesorub-44 CCS 802: MR-800 Flag radar suite (MR-600 Voskhod, MR-750 Fregat-MA radars), 2x 3R41 Volna, 2x 3R-95, 2x 4R-33A, MR-184 Lev-218, 2x MR-212/201 Vaygach-U radars, MGK-355 Polinom, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-503 Kantata-M, MP-407 Start-2 ECM suites, 2x PK-2M, 10x PK-10 Smely decoy RLs, Lesorub-44 CCS 803: MR-800 Flag radar suite (MR-600 Voskhod, MR-750 Fregat-MA radars), 2x MR-350 Podkat, 3R41 Volna, 3R48 Bolna, 2x 3R-95, MR-184 Lev-218, 2x MR-212/201 Vaygach-U radars, MGK-355 Polinom, 2x MG-7 Braslet sonars, MP-503 Kantata-M, MP-407 Start-2 ECM suites, 12x PK-10 Smely decoy RLs, Lesorub-44 CCS |

Complement |
pr. 1144: 759 pr. 11442: 760 |

**Ship project history:** *
Kirov, *the first Soviet nuclear-powered surface combatant, was sometimes
called a 'battlecruiser'. She apparently employs a CONAS (combined nuclear and
steam) powerplant, in which fossil-fueI boilers supply steam to turbines geared
to the same shafts as the nuclear-powered turbines. The USN considered *a *
somewhat similar scheme: it is difficult to achieve sufficient power for high
speed in a compact enough nuclear plant. Combined nuclear and gas turbine and
nuclear and steam turbine plants were considered but rejected on grounds of
complexity. The Russians apparently saw things differently. Similar fossil-fuel
boosters have been used in land-based Western power reactors.

Speed on reactors alone (90,000hp) would probably be about 24kts. Endurance at high speed, on both plants is 14,000nm at 30kts. On oil power alone: 1300nm at 17kts.

The TTZ for this class was approved on 25 May 1971. Design
work on a nuclear-powered cruiser began in 1968. Initial studies were based on
the contemporary 'singing frigate', which was armed with 6 to 8 medium-range
(150km) anti-ship missiles (it was probably a pre-design for what became the *
Sovremenny).* Admiral Gorshkov apparently personally rejected the design as
too weak, in effect a nuclear-powered Project 58. The design team thought that
the ship should not displace more than 8,000t, and attempts to remain within
that limit considerable time. They soon realised that the weapon systems they
wanted (for anti-saturation AAW and for effective ASW, as well as good and-ship
firepower) would demand a displacement of at least 20.000t. Given existing
submarine reactors, that in turn seemed to demand 4-6 reactors, which they
rejected as cumbersome and dangerous. They were fortunate that a nuclear power
design bureau came up with the elegant solution (nuclear base plant plus steam
boost) which they adopted.

*Kirov* was conceived as a flagship to control
anti-ship (RKR) formations, following the demonstrated failure of shore control
in the 1970 Okean exercise. The design of later ships was further modified to
provide more self-defence armament after the 1975 exercise showed how an enemy
might well concentrate on destroying just such a flagship. The ship was probably
based on an earlier nuclear RKR without flag facilities, possibly called Project
954, for the Pacific Fleet. The Russians have referred explicitly to an earlier
nuclear cruiser design, Project 63, but no details have been published.

The main battery is Granit SSMs in canted deck tubes.
Defensive weapons are the new Fort vertically-launched missile and a reloadable
Metel' ASuM (using a large bow sonar and a new VDS). The second ship, *Frunze*,
dispensed with Metel' because she could fire Vodopad missiles from her torpedo
tubes. The space freed (and space aft, used for AK-630 CIWS in *Kirov) *
went into vertically-launched Kinzhal missiles, but she retained Osa SAM
(presumably as an interim measure, since Kinzhal was not ready when the ship was
completed). She substituted a twin 130mm mount for the two single 100mm of *
Kirov. *The third ship, *Kalinin, *introduced a new close-in weapon,
Kortik.

On the fourth ship, *Piotr Velikiy*, fwd Fort SAM
battery was replaced by Fort-M with more effective missiles.

Fifth ship of the class, No804 *Dzerzhinskiy *(in 1990 renamed *
Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Kuznetsov*) was ordered 31/12/1988 but
cancelled 4/10/1990 before she was laid down.

Planned modernization of *Admiral Nakhimov, Piotr
Velikiy *and, may be, *Admiral Lazarev* under Project 11442M will
include new armament (3S14-11442M universal VLS for 80 3M54T Kalibr-NK cruise
missiles, P-160 Oniks SSMs, 3M22 Tsirkon SSM, 2 S-300FM Fort-M SAM (96 48N6K,
48N6DMK, 5V55RM missiles), 8 Pantsir'-M CIWS, 330mm tubes for Paket-NK
anti-torpedo/anti-submarine missiles) and new electronics (5P-20K Monument,
MR-650 Podberiozovik, Fregat-M2, MR-231, MR-232-3 radars, 5P-28-11442M ECM
suite, MT-201M1.2 o/e suite, Minotavr-ISPN-M1 VDS array, MG-757.3 Anapa-M
anti-sabotage sonar, MGS-417 Amga-M sonar for receiving information from
sonobuoys, Sigma-11442M CCS and decoy RLs of Prosvet-M system

**Ship protection, project 1144: **VLS of Granit SSM
and magazine of Metel' missiles had 100 (over wl) - 70 (under wl)mm sides and
70mm roof, CT and command post had 100mm longitudinal and 75mm transverse sides
and 75mm roof. Hangar, aviation fuel tank and aviation magazine had 70mm sides
and 50mm roof.

**Ship protection, project 11442: **VLS of Granit SSM
has 100 (over wl) - 70 (under wl)mm sides and 70mm roof, CT and command post
have 100mm longitudinal and 75mm transverse sides and 75mm roof. Hangar,
aviation fuel tank and aviation magazine have 70mm sides and 50mm roof.

**Modernizations: **2014, *Piotr Velikiy*: - 2x
MG-7 sonars; + MR-231-3 radar, MG-757.3 Anapa sonar

planned 2020, *Admiral Nakhimov*; 2022, *Piotr
Velikiy*:
armament consisted of 1 x 80 Kalibr-NK CruM / Oniks SSM / Tsirkon SSM (VLS, 80
3M54T / P-160(3M55) / 3M22), 1 x 12 S-300FM Fort-M SAM VLS (96 48N6K / 48N6DMK /
5V55RM), 8 x (8 SAM + 2 x 6 - 30/54) Pantsir' CADS (320 3R86M), 1 x 2 - 130/70 AK-130,
8 x 1 - 330 Paket-NK TT, 1 x 10 RKPTZ-1
Udav-1 (RBU-12000) ASWRL, 2 x 6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 ASWRL, 2 x 7 - 55 MRG-1
Ogonyok grenade launchers, 2 -3 helicopters (2 Ka-27 or 3 Ka-25) and
sensors: 5P-10 Puma, 5P-20K Monument, MR-650
Podberiozovik, Fregat-M2, MR-231, MR-232-3, MR-184 Lev-218 radars, MT-201M1.2
E/O detector, MGK-355 Polinom, Minotavr-ISPN-M1, MG-757.3 Anapa-M, MGS-417
Amga-M sonars, 5P-28-11442M ECM
suite, Prosvet-M decoy RL system, Sigma-11442M CCS

**Naval service: **No significant events.

*Kirov* 1980

*Piotr Velikiy *2003

© Ivan Gogin, 2016-19