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REGIA MARINA / ITALIAN NAVY (ITALY)

ESCORTS

GABBIANO corvettes (1942-1953)

Gabbiano 1943

Gabbiano 1955

Gabbiano 1963

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
Alce C23   OTO, Livorno 5/1942 5/12/1942 --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6084)
Antilope C19   OTO, Livorno 1/1942 9/5/1942 11/1942 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6082)
Ape C25, AP, 1953- F567   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 5/1942 22/11/1942 5/1943 auxiliary 1965
Ardea C54   Ansaldo, Genoa 3/1943 --- --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ2225)
Artemide C39   CRDA, Monfalcone 3/1942 10/8/1942 10/1942 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ2226)
Baionetta (ex-Partigiana) C34, BA, 1953- F578   Breda, Porto Marghera 2/1942 5/10/1942 5/1943 discarded 10/1971
Berenice C66   CRDA, Monfalcone 10/1942 20/5/1943 9/1943 sunk 9/9/1943
Bombarda C38, BD, 1953- F549   Breda, Porto Marghera 8/1942 10/2/1944 21/4/1951 discarded 11/1978
Calabrone C30   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 10/1942 27/6/1943 --- scuttled incomplete 9/1943
Camoscio C21   OTO, Livorno 1/1942 9/5/1942 4/1943 captured by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6081)
Capriolo C22   OTO, Livorno 6/1942 5/12/1942 9/1943 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6083)
Carabina C37   Breda, Porto Marghera 9/1942 31/8/1943 --- captured incomplete by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ207)
Cavalletta C31   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 12/1942 --- --- demolished on slip 9/1943
Cervo C56   OTO, Livorno 2/1943 --- --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6086)
Chimera C48, CH, 1953- F569   CRDA, Trieste 6/1942 30/1/1943 5/1943 discarded 5/1977
Cicala C29   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 9/1942 27/6/1943 --- scuttled incomplete 9/1943
Cicogna C15   Ansaldo, Genoa 6/1942 12/10/1942 1/1943 wrecked 24/7/1943
Clava C63   Breda, Porto Marghera 10/1943 --- --- BU 1944
Cocciniglia C61   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 1943 --- --- suspended 9/1943
Colubrina C35   Breda, Porto Marghera 3/1942 7/12/1942 1/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ205)
Cormorano C13, CM, 1953- F575   Cerusa, Voltri 1/1942 20/9/1942 3/1943 discarded 7/1971
Crisalide C58, CR, 1953- F547   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 4/1943 8/12/1947 25/9/1952 discarded 12/1972
Daino C55   OTO, Livorno 3/1943 --- --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6087)
Danaide C44, DA, 1953- F563   CRDA, Trieste 5/1942 21/10/1942 2/1943 discarded 1/1968
Driade C43, DR, 1953- F568   CRDA, Trieste 5/1942 7/10/1942 1/1943 discarded 8/1966
Egeria C67   CRDA, Monfalcone 2/1943 3/7/1943 1/1944 // --- scuttled 9/9/1943 (completed as German UJ201)
Euridice C70   CRDA, Monfalcone 7/1943 12/3/1944 --- captured incomplete by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ204)
Euterpe C41   CRDA, Monfalcone 4/1942 22/10/1942 1/1943 scuttled 9/9/1943
Farfalla C59, 1953- F548   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 4/1943 4/1/1948 10/2/1953 discarded 12/1971
Fenice C50, FE, 1953- F577   CRDA, Trieste 6/1942 1/3/1943 6/1943 discarded 7/1965
Flora C46, FL, 1953- F572   CRDA, Trieste 5/1942 1/12/1942 4/1943 discarded 1/1970
Folaga C16, FO, 1953- F576   Ansaldo, Genoa 6/1942 14/11/1942 2/1943 discarded 8/1965
Gabbiano C11, GB, 1953- F571   Cerusa, Voltri 1/1942 23/6/1942 10/1942 discarded 11/1971
Gazzella C20   OTO, Livorno 1/1942 9/5/1942 2/1943 sunk 5/8/1943
Grillo C28   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 6/1942 21/3/1943 --- scuttled incomplete 9/1943
Gru C18, GU, 1953- F566   Ansaldo, Genoa 7/1942 23/12/1942 4/1943 discarded 8/1971
Ibis C17, IB, 1953- F561   Ansaldo, Genoa 6/1942 12/12/1942 4/1943 discarded 7/1971
Libellula C32   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 12/1942 --- --- demolished on slip 9/1943
Lucciola C27   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 6/1942 21/3/1943 --- scuttled incomplete 13/9/1943
Maggiolino C60   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 1943 --- --- suspended 9/1943
Marangone C52   Ansaldo, Genoa 3/1943 16/9/1943 8/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ2223)
Melpomene C68   CRDA, Monfalcone 3/1943 29/8/1943 4/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ202)
Minerva C42, MI, 1953- F562   CRDA, Monfalcone 4/1942 5/11/1942 2/1943 discarded 7/1969
Pellicano C14, PE, 1953- F574   Cerusa, Voltri 1/1942 12/2/1943 3/1943 discarded 7/1969
Persefone C40   CRDA, Monfalcone 3/1942 21/9/1942 11/1942 scuttled 9/9/1943
Pomona C45, PO, 1953- F573   CRDA, Trieste 5/1942 18/11/1942 4/1943 discarded 6/1965
Procellaria C12   Cerusa, Voltri 1/1942 4/9/1942 11/1942 sunk 31/1/1943
Renna C24   OTO, Livorno 5/1942 5/12/1942 9/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6085)
Scimitarra C33, SC, 1953- F564   Breda, Porto Marghera 2/1942 16/9/1942 5/1943 discarded 6/1971
Scure C62   Breda, Porto Marghera 10/1943 --- --- laid down as German UJ209
Sfinge C47, SF, 1953- F579   CRDA, Trieste 6/1942 9/1/1943 5/1943 discarded 6/1977
Sibilla C49, SB, 1953- F565   CRDA, Trieste 6/1942 10/3/1943 6/1943 discarded 2/1973
Spingarda C36   Breda, Porto Marghera 3/1942 22/3/1943 4/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ208)
Stambecco C57   OTO, Livorno 3/1943 --- --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ6088)
Strolaga C53   Ansaldo, Genoa 3/1943 19/9/1943 4/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ2224)
Tersicore C69   CRDA, Monfalcone 4/1943 16/10/1943 --- captured incomplete by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ203)
Tuffetto C51   Ansaldo, Genoa 3/1943 25/8/1943 3/1944 // --- captured incomplete by Germany 9/9/1943 (UJ2222)
Urania C65, UR, 1953- F570   CRDA, Monfalcone 10/1942 21/4/1943 8/1943 discarded 8/1971
Vespa C26   Navalmeccanica, Castellamare di Stabia 5/1942 22/11/1942 9/1943 captured by Germany 11/9/1943 (UJ2221)
Zagaglia C64   Breda, Porto Marghera 2/1944 --- --- suspended 1944
  

Displacement standard, t

660

Displacement full, t

728

Length, m

58.8 pp 64.4 oa

Breadth, m

8.71

Draught, m

2.53

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 Fiat diesels / 2 electric motors for silent search

Bombarda, Carabina: 2 Fiat diesels

Power, h. p.

3500 / 300

Bombarda, Carabina: 3500

Max speed, kn

18 / 6

Bombarda, Carabina: 18

Fuel, t

diesel oil 64

Endurance, nm(kts)

3000(15) / 16(6)

Armament

1 x 1 - 100/47 OTO 1937, 2 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 3 x 1 - 20/70 Scotti-Isotta Fraschini 1939, 2 x 1 - 450 TT (not in all), 8 DCT, 2 DCR (76), 2 Ginocchio towed ASW torpedoes

Urania: 1 x 1 - 100/47 OTO 1937, 2 x 2 - 20/65 Breda 1935, 3 x 1 - 20/65 Breda 1940, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (76), 2 Ginocchio towed ASW torpedoes

Bombarda, Crisalide, Farfalla: 1 x 1 - 100/47 OTO 1937, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Bofors Mk 1, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 4 DCT

Sensors

S-Gerät sonar, hydrophone

Bombarda, Crisalide, Farfalla: SO-13 radar, QCU-2 sonar

Complement

110

Ship project history: Experience of the first year of war on Mediterranean sea has shown necessity to have purpose-built ASW ships for guards of escorts, and the requirement for them increased with each month, in process of growth of losses among light naval forces. Creation of enough fast ship close on the elements to torpedo boats of Spica or Pegaso classes was originally supposed, however they not so approached for this purpose as were originally designed for other tasks and did not carry sufficient anti-submarine armament. Besides torpedo boats were too large and expensive in a building that became unacceptable for the ship which building was planned to develop the big series, by shipbuilders without wide experience of naval shipbuilding. In the summer of 1941 from several preliminary variants "pure" escort has been chosen, with moderate dimensions and speed, but with extremely strong anti-submarine armament including even torpedoes (for attack of surfaced submarines).

Interesting feature of new ships classified as "an anti-submarine corvette" became installation, besides main diesels, of two 150hp electric motors intended for silent running during attack of submarine. Battery capacity sufficed on 16nm under electric motors. Similar combined machinery was installed on all corvettes, except completed by Germans Bombarda and Carabina.

In total 60 corvettes were ordered, from them till September, 1943 28 were commissioned by Italian Navy.

In September, 1943 many ships of this class had got into German hands, both completed but scuttled by crews and incomplete at shipyards.

Germans completed Capriolo, Alee, Renna, Melpomene, Colubrina, Bombarda, Carabina, Spingarda, Tuffetto and Marangone, commissioned them as UJ6083, UJ6084, UJ6085, UJ202, UJ205, UJ206, UJ207, UJ208, UJ2222 and UJ2223 respectively.

Modernizations: 1946, all survived and completed: - 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 8 DCT, 2 DCR, 2 Ginocchio ASW towed torpedoes; + mechanical, magnetic and acoustic minesweeping gear

1950 - 1953, all survived and completed: - 2 x 2 - 20/65, 3 x 1 - 20/70, minesweeping gear, S-Gerät sonar, hydrophone; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 3, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 4 DCT (Bombarda, Crisalide and Farfalla were so completed)

1956, Ape, Chimera, Pellicano: - 1 x 1 - 100/47, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10 ASWRL, 1 DCR, SO-13 radar, QCU-2 sonar

1956, Cormorano, Danaide: - 1 x 1 - 100/47, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 1 DCR, SPS-6 radar, QCU-2 sonar

1956, Sfinge: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 1 DCR, SPS-6 radar, QCU-2 sonar

1956, Fenice, Flora, Folaga, Pomona, Sibilla: - 1 x 1 - 100/47, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10 ASWRL, 1 DCR, NSM-8 radar, QCU-2 sonar

1956, Baionetta: - 1 x 1 - 100/47, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 1 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 1 x 1 - 24/178 Hedgehog Mk 15 DCT, 2 DCR, NSM-8 radar, QCU-2 sonar

1956, Driade, Farfalla, Gru, Ibis, Minerva, Scimitarra, Urania, Crisalide: - 1 x 1 - 100/47, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 1 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 3, 1 x 1 - 24/178 Hedgehog Mk 15 ASWRL, 2 DCR, SO-13 radar, QCU-2 sonar

1956, Gabbiano, Bombarda: - 1 x 1 - 100/47, + 1 x 1 - 24/178 Hedgehog Mk 15 DCT, 2 DCR, SO-13 radar, QCU-2 sonar

late 1950s, Sfinge: - 1 x 1 - 100/47; + 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 1, 1 x 24 - 178 Hedgehog Mk 10 ASWRL

1964, Ape: was converted to commando transport with armament consisted of 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk 3

mid-1960s, Chimera, Cormorano, Danaide, Fenice, Flora, Folaga, Pellicano, Sfinge: - 1 DCR; + 1 DCR (for 12 DC)

Naval service: Procellaria was lost on a mine 31/1/1943 W of Sicily. Cicogna was damaged by British aircraft at Messina 24/7/1943 and ran aground. Gazzella 5/8/1943 was lost on a mine N of Sardinia. Berenice was sunk 9/9/1943 by German field artillery at attempt to escape from Trieste harbour.

In September, 1943 many ships of this class had got into German hands, both completed but scuttled by crews and incomplete at shipyards.

Artemide, Antelope, Camoscio and Vespa were commissioned by Kriegsmarine as UJ2226, UJ6082, UJ6081 and UJ2221 respectively.

Germans completed also Capriolo, Alee, Renna, Melpomene, Colubrina, Bombarda, Carabina, Spingarda, Tuffetto and Marangone, commissioned them as UJ6083, UJ6084, UJ6085, UJ202, UJ205, UJ206, UJ207, UJ208, UJ2222 and UJ2223 respectively.

Carabina (UJ207) in February, 1944 was sunk at Venice by Allied aircraft. Colubrina (UJ205) was sunk by Allied aircraft 27/3/1944 at Venice. Marangone (UJ2223) was sunk by Allied aircraft 16/8/1944 at Genoa. Antelope (UJ6082) was sunk 16/8/1944 W of Toulon by American destroyer  Endicott. Camoscio (UJ6081) was sunk 17/8/1944 SE of Toulon by American destroyer Somers. Renna (UJ6085) was sunk by Allied aircraft 4/9/1944 at Genoa. Spingarda (UJ208) and Melpomene (UJ202) were sunk 1/11/1944 off Zadar by British escort destroyers Avon Vale and Wheatland. Capriolo (UJ6083), Alee (UJ6084), Tuffetto (UJ2222), Vespa (UJ2221), Artemide (UJ2226) were scuttled 24/4/1945 at Genoa. Bombarda (UJ206) was hard damaged at Venice by Allied aircraft 4/4/1944 and scuttled 25/4/1945.

Euterpe 1943

 

Chimera 1943

Minerva 1951

Danaide 1952

 

Ivan Gogin, 2009-15