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VIKRAMADITYA aircraft carrier (1987/2013)


Vikramaditya 2011


Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
विक्रमादित्य [Vikramaditya] (ex-Адмирал Флота Советского Союза Горшков [Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov], ex-Баку [Baku]) R33   Black Sea Yd, Nikolaev, USSR 17.2.1978 1.4.1982 11.12.1987 // 16.11.2013 in service (2019)

Technical data

Displacement standard, t


Displacement full, t


Length, m

249.5 wl 283.5 oa

Breadth, m

32.7 wl 59.8 oa

Draught, m


No of shafts



4 GTZA-674 geared steam turbines sets, 8 KVG-3D boilers

Power, h. p.


Max speed, kts


Fuel, t


Endurance, nm(kts)



38 aircraft (29 MiG-29K fighters, 9 Ka-28/Ka-31 helicopters)

Electronic equipment

MR-700M2EM Fregat-M2EM, Podberiozovik-ET1, 2x Pozitiv-ME1, Bridgemaster, Rezistor-K4 radars, MG-355 Polinom sonar, Ajanta ECM suites, 4x PK-2E decoy RLs, MVU-410 Lesorub-434 CCS



Air group

Year Fighters Helicopters
2014 16 MiG-29K 3 Ka-28, 3 Ka-31
2018 24 MiG-29K 9 Ka-28, Ka-31, Sea King

Standard scale images

<i>Vikramaditya </i>2015
Vikramaditya 2015


<i>Vikramaditya</i> 2011
Vikramaditya 2011

Aircraft facilities

(fd - 11,000 m², ha - 2,925 m² / 19,305 m³): Flight deck: 273.1 x 51.3m. Hangar: 130.0 x 22.5 x 6.60 m. There are 2 centreline elevators (20t fwd (18.9x10m) and 30t aft (19.2x10.3m)). 14.3° takeoff ski-jump and 3-wires arrested gear. Aircraft fuel stowage: 1500 t of jet fuel.

Project history Negotiations to sell Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov to India began in 1994, and India signed a "letter of interest" 21.12.1998 to acquire the ship

Negotiations to sell Admiral Flota Sovetskogo Soyuza Gorshkov to India began in 1994, and India signed a "letter of interest" 21.12.1998 to acquire the ship for free and modernize her with Russian equipment at Severodvinsk, where she arrived under tow on 13.7.1999. A contract for the transfer of the ship to India was signed 4.10.2000, and the vessel was transferred on 20.1.2004 for planned delivery in 2008. The carrier did not begin sea trials until 2012 with plans for delivery 4.12.2012 but handover was postponed until 16.11.2013 due to boiler malfunctions. Relaunch took place 4.12.2008 Conversion taken place at the Sevmash in Severodvinsk, Russia, with final outfitting done at Cochin Shipyard in India. Prior to sea trials, had not been to sea under own power since 1996, after she suffered a major fire while laid up during 1993 and a steam line break and subsequent 18hour fire at Rosta Shipyard, Murmansk, 2.21994. Has a deeper draft than the preceding Kiev class and also trims down by the stern. The boilers produce up to 98 tons of steam per hour. Fin stabilizers are fitted.

The bow is being altered with a 14.3° takeoff ski-jump for conventional fighter aircraft, and no catapults are, thus permitting only short take-offs with arrested landings. There are two takeoff positions, each with a jet-blast deflector and aircraft detents. The ship was originally intended to carry 14 Yak-41M and eight Yak-38 VTOL fighters and 16 Ka-27-series helicopters. The angled portion of the flight deck is 195.0x20.7m. Adding wire-type arrestor gear reduced capacity of the 130m-long by 22.5m-wide by 6.6m-high hangar. Aft elevator was enlarged.


2015: + 1 x 8 Barak-1 SAM (VLS, 8 Barak-1), 2 x 6 - 30/54 AK-630M, EL/M-2221, MR-123 Vympel radars

2017: - 1 x 8 Barak-1 SAM; + 2 x 8 Barak-8 SAM (VLS, 16 Barak-8)

Naval service

No significant events.