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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL INDIAN MARINE (INDIA)

CAPITAL SHIPS

ABYSSINIA coast defence monitor (1870)

Abyssinia 1870

Abyssinia 1892

 

Name

No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Abyssinia   Dudgeon, Poplar, UK 23/7/1868 19/2/1870 10/1870 sold to BU 1/1903

 

Displacement normal, t

2901

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

68.6 pp

Breadth, m

12.8

Draught, m

4.45

No of shafts

2

Machinery

Dudgeon 2-cyl DRCR, boilers

Power, h. p.

1200

Max speed, kts

9.6

Fuel, t

coal 92

Endurance, nm(kts)

 

Armour, mm

iron; belt: 178 - 152 with 279 - 229mm wood backing, breastwork: 203 - 178, turrets: 254 - 203, decks: 38 - 25

Armament

2 x 2 - 254/15 MLR Mk I/II

Complement

100

Ship project history: Smaller and cheaper edition of Cerberus, intended to serve as coast defence ship at Bombay with Magdala. Compared with the previous class she had less freeboard and speed, and 25mm reduction in armour thickness on the belt amidships, breastwork and turret walls. The breastwork served to keep the turrets, hatchways, vents and funnels, comparatively clear of the water, making the ships more practical in a seaway the the low freeboard contemporary ships of the US Navy. A CT was fitted forward of the funnel.

Ship protection: The hull was protected by 178mm belt reducing to 152mm at the ends, and the turrets were raised on a central armoured breastwork 203mm at the ends and 178mm amidships. Turrets had 254mm faces and 203mm walls.

Modernizations: 1892: - 2 x 2 - 254/15; + 2 x 2 - 203/30 BL Mk VI

Naval service: Abyssinia made the passage to Bombay under her own power where she remained until sold.

Ivan Gogin, 2015